Child-rearing practices of ancient Egypt

A team of archaeologists from the University of Central Florida found the remains of the two year old, who lived about 2000 years ago. After studying the skeleton, the researchers were struck by the ancient Egyptian methods of education.

Archaeologists excavated in the oasis of Dakhla. This place bears traces of a continuous stay of the person from Neolithic times, so there is an oasis in the center of attention of scientists.

During the study of ancient cemeteries archaeologist Sandra Wheeler (Sandra Wheeler) worked on the area labeled as "dumping 519." At first she did not notice anything unusual, but, brushing sand from the remains and saw a small skeleton obvious signs of fractures.

Radiocarbon dating showed that the two year old child lived about 2,000 years ago.

"We were the remains of other children, is proof that they applied seriously injured. But in "grave 519" were signs of permanent numerous fractures, "- says Wheeler.

The scientists decided to conduct a number of studies, including X-ray, histology (microscopic examination of tissues) and isotope analysis to determine the place of injury. As a result of careful study, they found fractures of the forearm bones, ribs, pelvis and spine.

All the injured were at different stages of healing, allowing archaeologists to make one more conclusion: the fractures were obtained child is not accidental.

"His hands were most clearly visible traces of numerous fractures. Children's bones are more flexible than adults, so the mutilation had to put a lot of effort, "- explains archaeologist, first noticed the features of" dumping 519. "

After comparing the nature of the damage to the cases described in the clinical literature, scientists have found that someone grabbed the child by the hand and shook it hard. But the broken ribs and vertebrae were obtained by direct bounce.

The researchers believe that regular beatings caused the death of two-year Egyptian.

"It is quite possible that the fracture of the clavicle is the latest injury. Probably after this child did not survive. We know that the ancient Egyptians were treated respectfully to children. But the abuse of kids could be the result of the influence of the Romans, who practiced corporal punishment, immobilizing newborns on wooden boards and regular bathing in cold water, "- concludes Sandra Wheeler.



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