What is it?

Cystitis is called inflammation of the mucous membrane of the urinary bladder. This is one of the most common inflammatory diseases of urogenital organs.

About 20-25 percent of women suffer cystitis in one form or another, and 10 percent suffer from chronic cystitis, and these figures every year is steadily increasing. Men suffering from this disease is much rarer — cystitis occurs in only 0.5 percent of men.

Causes of cystitis

Most often, women suffer from cystitis, which is associated with the anatomy of the body: the urethra in women's short and wide, and so the infection gets in on itbladder much easier than in men.

The cause of infectious cystitis is most often E. coli, some rare — chlamydia, ureaplasma, fungi of the genus Candida.

There are also a number of adverse factors predisposing to cystitis:

  • poor circulation in the wall of the bladder and pelvic, such as sedentary work (while sitting at a computer for 4-6 hours without getting up), with frequent and prolonged constipation, when worn for a long time, tight clothing, tights, underwear;
  • immunosuppression;
  • effects on the bladder wall irritating substances released in the urine, it can happen if you eat very spicy food or overcooked food with lots of spice;
  • menopause, diseases associated with metabolic disorders;
  • diabetes mellitus.

Doctors also secrete interstitial cystitis. It refers to severe chronic diseases where the cause of inflammation are not already microbes, and violations of the immune system. The most serious one is the plague of interstitial cystitis of the bladder. Launched interstitial cystitis can lead to a reduction in bladder capacity and required surgery.

What if this happens?

For acute cystitis is characterized by frequent urination, with a sharp pain in the area bladder and perineum with the release of blood at the end of urination. The more pronounced inflammatory process, the urge to urinate more often and the more acute pain. In severe forms of acute cystitis person has to urinate every 15-20 minutes during the day and at night. In severe cases, increased body temperature, nausea, and vomiting.

Chronic cystitis may present with similar but less severe symptoms may be characterized by constant or frequent exacerbations by type of acute cystitis. Chronic cystitis can go into the interstitial at insufficiently active treatment.

Diagnosis and treatment

If you think you have cystitis — do not try to treat it yourself, and have certainly not run the disease. Improperly treated or finished the cure cystitis can turn into a chronic process, which then have to be treated for life. You should immediately go to a urologist or gynecologist.

Some of the symptoms of cystitis are similar to the symptoms of tuberculosis bladder or kidney disease, with tumors of the prostate and bladder. Pain in the lumbar region may be a sign of kidney infection. Men should avoid phimosis and ureteral abnormalities openings, such as stenosis. Therefore, for the accurate diagnosis of the disease your doctor may prescribe PCR assay for infection or take a urine test for bacteriological seeding. In some cases, the physician to clarify the causes of cystitis may appoint a cystoscopy — examination of the inner surface of the bladder with a cystoscope.

If, upon examination revealed that the cause of the disease is a chronic infection, the treatment of cystitis will give a short one result, be sure to provide treatment for genital tract infection.

As one of the causes of cystitis is low immunity, the amendments to the general effort you can take courses vitamin therapy and physiotherapy.

The most problematic treatment of interstitial cystitis — it can last for a lifetime, and includes drug therapy, laser therapy, magnetic therapy and other methods.

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