Cytomegalovirus infection

Cytomegalovirus infection.  Photo from www.sciencephoto.com

Cytomegalovirus disease — a disease that is transmitted sexually, through saliva, breast milk during pregnancy (mother to child), through a common washcloth, towel, dishes, etc. By the end of his life living with the virus is almost one hundred percent of the people. In most cases, it does not manifest itself, but with lowered immunity is activated and causes disease. The virus may begin to act in any part of the body, so clear symptoms of infection have not.

It is impossible to eradicate the virus, you can only reduce its activity. Pay particular attention to the virus and its behavior in the body to treat pregnant women or women planning to conceive a child, as cytomegalovirus infection can cause damage to the fetus.

What is it?

In the old days it was called "kissing disease" because they thought that it is transmitted along with the saliva. Today's doctors have proven that this is not the case. The causative agent can be not only in the saliva, but also in blood, urine, feces, semen, cervical secretions, and breast milk. Of course, a kiss on the lips is enough to pick up an infection from a carrier of the virus. However, the same result can be achieved if we have sex with him, to drink from his cup or eat from his plate, to use his handkerchief, towel or washcloth. In addition, CMV can be transmitted through blood transfusions and organ transplants, even in the belly of the mother future baby is not immune from it.

The disappointing figures: By 1 year infected one out of five to 35 years — 40 per cent of the population, and to 50 — one hundred percent. Cytomegalovirus infection is considered one of the most common infectious diseases.

The causative agent of the disease — cytomegalovirus Hominis — virusfrom the same family as the herpes virus.

Cytomegalovirus — cranky and fussy, live and breed it can only in very favorable conditions, and in certain cells. If it "something do not like it, "he is quiet, the infected person is not sick, he's just a carrier of the virus. But as soon as the body weakens, the infectious agent is effective.

Translated into Greek salivary gland disease — a disease in which "cells become larger." Under the influence of cytomegalovirus cells lose their ability to divide and at the same time greatly swell. Under the microscope, they are like the eyes of an owl.

What's going on?

Once in the human cells, cytomegalovirus remains there forever. Regardless of the way in which infection occurred disease manifestations always be roughly the same. Or rather, no symptoms will be. The majority of infected disease flows in a latent form.

To cytomegalovirus activated, you need immunosuppression. Sometimes banal enough vitamin deficiency, but often need anything extraordinary. For example, acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) or taking specific drugs that lower the immune system (most often they are used to treat cancer).

If CMV affects the mucous membranes of the nose, runny nose. If the damage of internal organs there is a weakness, diarrhea, constipation and other vague symptoms, which usually do not go to the doctor. Especially because they are in a few days by themselves disappear.

It happens that the cytomegalovirus settles on the urinary organs. And then women inflamed uterus (endometritis), cervix (cervicitis), the vagina (vaginitis), etc. In men, urinary tract infection is usually asymptomatic.

Infection with CMV is a danger to pregnant women because the infection can be passed on to the developing embryo. However, if a woman is infected for a long time, andinfection not increasing, the likelihood that virus injure the unborn child, it is extremely low. But when infected during pregnancy, this probability increases.

Diagnosis and treatment

Most suspect at CMV infection is almost impossible. Of all the diseases, the disease is most similar to the banal ARD. Just as the temperature rises, flows from the nose and sore throat. May increase the lymph nodes, spleen, and liver. However, in contrast to acute respiratory infections cytomegalovirus infection lasts longer: 1 — 1.5 months.

In some cases, the only sign of the disease is an inflammation of the salivary glands, they cytomegalovirus feels most comfortable.

Diagnosis "CMV infection" can doctor-dermatologist. To do this, he will appoint a special study that will help to detect the virus. In samples of blood, saliva, semen, discharge from the cervix and vagina, amniotic fluid (during pregnancy) under a microscope looking for giant cells or virus detected by PCR (DNA diagnostics). Another method of research — Immune: detection of the virus in the blood by the immune system.

Analysis for CMV should be done to women who want to conceive.

Cytomegalovirus infection is incurable. However, there are medications that allow control over the amount of virus in the body, hold back its development. Patients increase immunity and appoint a special anti-viral drugs.

These events are held at detection of cytomegalovirus in pregnant or intend to become pregnant woman during the entire period of childbearing and lactation. Used whole complex products that enhance the immune system, as well as apply suppress virus replication interferon preparations. An infected pregnant woman should intervals 10-12 days for tests. You should also constantly monitor the status of the embryo.

Carefully selected a powerful therapy and strict implementation of the recommendations of the doctor can significantly reduce the risk of transmission to the infant, which directly depends on the activity of the virus in the body of the mother.

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