French defense policy

Napoleon Bonaparte was: "If the goal is perfectly known, it is not difficult to find and the means to achieve it." Voluntarism of today's Supreme Commander Nicolas Sarkozy leads one to believe that the goal of France — is the preservation of her favorite role of the euro and the permanent members of the Security Council of the UN. But will the 1st of voluntarism for her services?

French military machine, which is the subject of this article is subject to constant adjustment and seems to never sets in the number of values of the president, while at the level of protocol ministries.

The excuse of the government recall that under the Francois Delon (Francis Delon), Secretary General for National Defence, in 2008, was released in France A white book on defense and security. But experts at know that because of constant budget cuts in military spending, it is mostly outdated. Topical is only part of the geo-political document, which initially focused on creating from scratch the latest naval base in Abu Dhabi (UAE). Evenly center of mass of French military operations of the armed forces shifted from Djibouti to Abu Dhabi, close to Iran, Afghanistan and the Indian subcontinent.

A landmark event in the reform of the French army was the decision in 1996 to abolish conscription. President Jacques Chirac could not long to take this step. Much of the military were against it, although in reality the draft exemption to pull assumed such proportions that the military service has become the lot of the poor. The military knew that this decision would deprive them virtually free drivers, programmers, and other securities of human resources. The civilian driver is not such flexible, as military driver, having an ordinary title. The civilian Secretary of the faithful is not such as having come at the call of the student.

Chirac made a choice in favor of the service under the contract to manage the transition to a small-sized, mobile and Prof. army. The projects, which were then circulated at the Elysee Palace, outlines the kind of so-called "Army 2000", but quickly gave up the Ministry of money to realize that it can not afford. Note that since the beginning of the 90s made for the armed forces in France were unchanged inventory economical optimization. Then there was kind of an "army in 2015," but now, in the criteria of the economic crisis, the armed forces have another reduction of more than 54 thousand people (250 thousand) in the framework of "The Shape of 2020".

Meanwhile, President Sarkozy is full of optimism. His speech in 2010 before sending the aircraft carrier Charles de Gaulle to the Indian Ocean indicates the proud his troops the president, assuring the army that it will have the resources and the means to wage war. The scale of this idea president seems he did not understand, because he up to now believes that the security of France begins with the defense of their country. In other words, it is provided by the four nuclear forces and nuclear submarines. But after September 11, 2001 France, like the United States, is in the conventional, and more precisely, counterinsurgency war.

Since 2001, the French armed forces, together with NATO deployed in Afghanistan. For France, the Afghan war was the electric shocks. The French are more accustomed to the "calm" conflicts, such as occurring in Africa (Chad, Côte d'Ivoire, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Central African Republic), where their great experience to successfully handle difficult situations. The Balkan conflict in no way gave France the necessary experience.

The French defense research universities (IFRI, IRIS, FRS) lost in Afghanistan is their traditional knowledge and seek out the latest vocabulary, very often imitating the Anglo-Saxon determination, to realize that there's going. The armed forces at the time of sending troops there had intelligence acquired not from first-hand. At the command did not have enough reliable maps that reflect the current state of the theater of operations.

Worse, the troops quickly found that they are not overwhelmed adapted to the theater of war weapons and equipment. This is not unusual, if you remember the French tradition in the field of defense procurement, where preference is given to programs when huge. Industrial policy, which led to the creation of weapons factories and arsenals for the production of artillery and warships, is the brainchild of 2-Ministers of King Louis XIV — Colbert and Louvois. After the death of the first of them headed for the second order to purchase weapons entered the competence of the military secretariat, which and he's headed. And now, things are exactly the same, only military secretariat is now called the main control arms DGA and comes under the Ministry of Defence. In the cramped conjunction with the General Staff during the war cool DGA give preference huge projects striking example of which was the programm fighter Rafale. As is the case with the tank Leclerc, This program cost the state dearly: it lasted for 10's years old, suffering from endless delays and cost overruns.

Meanwhile, in the face of the Afghan quagmire French Ministry of Defence and engineers have shown unprecedented agility, rapidly adapting to new conditions. Thus, the company Panhard less than three months has developed additional armor kits for their own armored vehicles VBL and put them in front-line units. So Makar, the French military in Afghanistan once again learned to wage war.

But despite this positive example in the French army a sense of uncertainty reigns. The fact that they feel the military is a reflection of the state of French society in a state of transformation, and where the government seeks to play a role only "bad cop."

In a broader sense, in accordance with the sociological approach has caused degradation of municipal services costed bad consequences. The system of large municipal educational institutions, among which the Military Academy of Saint-Cyr, gave rise to competition in the middle of the representatives of society, focusing on municipal service. Municipal offices, are not the most financially lucrative to be very prestigious, but now it has sunk into oblivion respects.

Municipal service is perceived as a source of inefficiency: a teacher, a scholar, an arbitrator, the general became poor people that do not have enough who wish to be similar in the French society. Death of French troops in Afghanistan in fact does not touch the hearts of people for whom war very far from their efforts.

Consulting companies are going to replace the municipal inspectors and inspectors war becomes a matter of individual companies and mercenaries, while the country has neither the means nor the desire to engage in military affairs. And at first, for the reason that the current fighter thinks about the latest work before starting to serve on a calling. Recruits sign a contract with the army in such a manner as if it were a company France Telecom. In the era of the Web and the power of personal blogs faster does not belong to the military, and the search engine Google, without which men, even in Afghanistan, the cost with great difficulty. "The most dangerous temptation is, to be like nothing on earth" — read Albert Camus. Will the armed forces of the new challenges of the XXI century?

To be a war — it is a profession. Not because there was restored by Prof. army? But what kind of profession we are talking? In the Army can be a linguist, translator on radio intercepts, legal consultant, managing staff, an athlete of the highest level (the French Olympic medals won by Prof. often NCO), class technician. But most importantly, mil
regardless of their own profession should prepare ourselves for war to defend their country in all criteria. Future governments that will conduct new military reform, under no circumstances, should not dishonor the essence of a military man, which is to be a man with a gun in his hand.

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