Lakes that kill

July 11, 2012 6:50

Lake Nyos. Photo:

In light of many lakes and ponds, being branded bewitched. They have not understood the properties and having paranormal activity. Several of these strange lakes hidden in the mountains of the Cordillera Azur (Blue Mountains). This ridge runs parallel to the Andes and full cold lake, around which the Quechua Indians live.

There, on the almost incredible heights, lies Lake Gaipov. Local Indians often observed luminous objects that fell into the lake, or, conversely, takes off from the water. Their form is very different — the balls, ovals, rectangles, rings. These unknown guests easily penetrate through the water, hanging and slowly moved a few inches from the surface of the lake, and then a flash or rush into the sky, or a leisurely swim up along the slopes flanking Gaipov mountains.

Indians believe that it is the witches and wizards who took a radiant face, going on a hunt for innocent victims. They say that once their tribesman was struck by lightning, pluck out one such luminous objects, and could not move, until a strange object did not disappear without a trace. Another time an old indeanka, collect firewood, suddenly saw the lake of fire disc. And although it was quite far away, she clearly felt a wave of hot air that came from this strange object.

In October 1994, Susan Smith, the young mother of Union, North Carolina, deliberately let his car roll off the boat landing at Lake John D.Long. Strapped to the back seat, Michael and Alex, sons of Susan drowned. She received a life prison term. Two years later, with the same pier in the lake fell another car, in which were three adults and four children. She spontaneously swept between monuments to Michael and Alex Smith. All seven passengers were drowned, one of the witnesses tried to rescue them, but also choked and died. According to local residents, disaster occurred for one reason: John D.Long enchanted lake. One of the most notorious killer lakes — Whitney — located in Texas, north of the town of Waco. For many years, the Whitney roll off berth jetty very different cars. Police divers found on muddy bottom of the lake a few dozen cars, but surprisingly, that he never found the human remains!

Many of the cars just had to slip into the water, their parking brakes are included, as in the case of a machine Susan Smith in North Carolina.

In 1974-1975 on the shore of Lake Whitney landed two UFOs, leaving scorched earth bald spots. Not with these times the lake has become a killer?

Musa Abdullahi Mohamed … woke up Saturday morning, sick and lethargic. The day before he fell ill, and lay directly in the school. Abdullahi walked to the house, he noticed that the streets of his village, in the north-west Cameroon, is in a frightening silence. Subuma roads and yards were littered with corpses. People lay as if dead on the move or in the middle of a conversation with a neighbor. Killing all dogs, all the cattle, the trees fell dead birds and insects.

Since August 21, 1986 in the village on the shores of Lake Nyos killed 11 members of a family and a 1700 Abdulahi his tribesmen. He survived because he was in a closed office, at school, built on a hill.

Nyos — lake of great beauty — surrounded mostly cultivated fields, spectacular cliffs and green hills. Pearl-gray surface serenely calm, but deep down we are continuously build explosive strength. Nyos — it was once the crater of an active volcano, the eruption of which five centuries ago in the bottom left magma plug. It has cooled and compressed by water pressure. These lakes to have produced many, but only two are able to kill all life on their shores. The second lake — Monoun — located 95 kilometers south-east of the NIOS. And both of them are ready to explode.

Because of the deep volcanic activity, which continues to this day, the carbon dioxide is constantly raised through the pores in igneous rocks. Meets groundwater, dissolved in them and with them falls into the lake. In the bottom layers of the lake accumulates hellish mixture which does not mix with the upper layers. Usually in the crater lake water is periodically mixed, aerated waters rise to the surface, and the gases without damage to the natural environment are dispersed in the atmosphere. But in Nyos and Monoune boundary between the layers is not disturbed.
Gas continues to saturate the deeper layers of the water until some external event will not disturb them. This can be a strong wind and sea, the unusually cold weather (when the upper layers of the water cool and down to a depth), landslide or earthquake. Part of the deep water rises from the bottom, the carbon dioxide is released from the solution and bubbles rushes up, pulling even more bottom water. Coasting process rapidly growing: some bubbles turn into the gas stream, and, finally, as an open bottle of champagne, sparkling water fountain strongly pulled up. In 1986, a RAT "fountain" beat to a height of 80 meters, and everything sank in a cloud of carbon dioxide.

Heavy, twice as heavy as air, gas down on the lake shore and choked all life in its path. When in August 1984 Lake Monoun exploded, killing 37 people. Lake Nyos is bigger and deeper, so it is deadly force can carry many more lives. Gas cloud covered the surrounding area at a rate of more than 70 kilometers per hour and quickly even reach the villages located about 20 kilometers from the lake. The latter, who was killed by the explosion Nyos, a girl, in the morning after an eruption down the hill to the valley filled with gas.
Lake Nyos necessarily explode again. According to the latest data, now in the lake two times more carbon dioxide than it was during the previous explosion (0.4 cubic kilometers now and only 0.17 cubic kilometers in 1986). Disaster could destroy the fragile dam in the northern part of the lake, and then the waters welling up in Nigeria, which will flood the place of settlement of over 10,000 people. Despite the fact that after the disaster in 1986 3,500 people were eva kuirovany the banks of the lake and settled in safe areas, many are back — they are attracted by the fertility of this land and rich vegetation. Corn fields in southern approach to the water, on the slopes of the hills grazing cattle, followed by Fulani herdsmen look after. Also in the early 90's some European researchers released in bezrybnoe long to poison its inhabitants lake Tilapia — fish from the rocks Dupin. This experiment led to the fish bred in large numbers, and the locals are not a little carried away with fishing.

Even 10 years ago and arrived Cameroon international group of scholars to explore the deadly lake and, if possible, find a way to rescue them from the poisonous gas accumulated in depth. But the distance from major population centers complicates the task: to examine carefully, and especially degas lake is impossible. Although the project degassing there to be no money. It did not help bring them even assistance of UNESCO. After all, charity organizations accustomed to correct the already accomplished accidents rather than prevent them.
Scientists propose a very simple procedure of degassing the lake — to bring the bottom of the tube to provide an outlet for the gas. Preliminary tests have already been carried out, not only in Nyos, but also on the second death the lake — Monoun — to blow up a few months before the RAT. Discharge pipe works well.

And the government is concerned about another problem — he could not manage to dispel the rumors persisted walk by Cameroon, though at Nyos had Israeli or American neutron bomb, yet people think they will safely return to dangerous for very different reasons place.

Source: "Interesting newspaper. Unbelievable »№ December 2012

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