On Friday, 20 September, a joint Russian-Belarusian strategic exercises «West-2013». During the maneuver units of the armed forces of Russia and Belarus must perform a huge amount of training and combat tasks. The exercise involved the Army, Navy, Air Force, and internal forces. The program of activities for the week and painted involves the active role of all involved departments.
On conducting joint Russian-Belarusian exercise was announced in late August. How, then, said Defense Minister of Belarus Yuri Zhadobin in maneuvers alone at Belarusian landfills must take the role of 13 thousand soldiers and officers. Most of the personnel involved (about 10 million) will be of the Belarusian armed forces. About 2.5 thousand people arrived in Belarus with Russian military bases and about 300 people — of the CSTO member states. Overall, the Russian side in the exercise involved about 12 thousand people. In addition, about 20 thousand soldiers and officers of internal troops of the Russian Federation in connection with the teachings are in a state of combat readiness.
In strategic exercises «West-2013» involved about 180 units of Russian military equipment, including 10 tanks, 40 aircraft and 10 ships of the Baltic Fleet. A similar imbalance in the amount of people participating in the maneuvers and techniques justified by certain features of combat training tasks of the Russian and Belarusian military.
According to Yu Zhadobin, foundation plan was the scenario of the exercise of one of the real situations similar to those that are currently taking place in the Middle East. In this regard, the main task of the exercises «West-2013» is to develop international cooperation in combating illegal armed organizations. With all of this control Russian Defense Ministry has allocated that planned exercises have no relation to the situation in Syria.
Preparing for the exercises and relocation related units began a half weeks before they begin. More September 9 Russian troops headed for Russian and Belarusian landfills, where they soon had to do set tasks. According to the Russian Defense Ministry, Russian participants for transportation maneuvers and handy technique used to attract 20 railway trains.
For a few days before the exercise Russian and Belarusian sides notified own plans zabugornye country as the OSCE. In addition, invitations were sent to foreign delegations. About 60 representatives of several foreign countries arrived on maneuvers «West-2013» as the invited audience. Own delegates sent to Germany, the USA, Ukraine, France, Czech Republic and other countries. According to the plans of the host countries teachings zabugornye attaches and delegations should be on an episode of the maneuvers, which is held at the sites of the Kaliningrad region.
As part of the exercises «West-2013» besides training bouts were scheduled transport operations more severe nature. For example, even for a few days before the start of the maneuvers, it became clear that members of a particular mobile battalion Special Operations forces of Belarus are preparing for the role in the amphibious assault landing training. To do this, they came to one of the bases of the Baltic Fleet, where they took a huge Russian amphibious ships. Landing on one of the polygons of the Baltic Fleet will be held in the last days of the exercise.
One of the main objectives of the joint exercises is to test configurations in the system of command and control. In the near future Russian Defense Ministry has made a couple of small steps towards the renewal and improvement of the existing system of command and control. Because during maneuvers «West 2013» Russian soldiers and officers must not only show their own level of training, and test management system refreshed. Maneuvers will show how correct were those or other action taken.
Scenario joint Russian-Belarusian maneuvers made so that the military 2-states have to work at 5 sites and in several areas of the Baltic Sea. Our homeland has produced two objects to the teachings in the Kaliningrad region — polygons «Khmelevka» and «Pravdinsky.» On the Belarusian countryside training fights go on landfills «Brest», «Gozhsky» and a «burden-Lesnovsky.» In addition, the waters and in several parts of the coast of the Baltic Sea Russian mariners established training minefields etc. Boom.
On Saturday night, September 21 became known first details of the scenario. According to the plan maneuvers «West-2013» on the terrain Belarus leaked several gangs. The purpose of the simulated enemy — to commit terrorist acts and to destabilize the situation in the country. Grouping of Russian and Belarusian troops received orders to suspend the enemy and disrupt his plans. Combat training of troops work hampered by the fact that the conditional enemy, according to the scenario, receives help from a third country.
Receiving orders, soldiers and officers started to perform their own tasks. So, by Sunday morning September 22 about 500 soldiers of the Taman Motorized Rifle Division came to this site landfill «Brest». Their military training task was to cover state borders and prevent its illegal crossing. One of the infantry units of the Western Military Area, arrived in Belarus from the Nizhny Novgorod region, brought to the landfill «Gozhsky» where carry out exploration in the proposed area of finding a simulated enemy. The putative enemy routes of movement exhibited an ambush.
In the role of the imaginary enemy in exercises «West-2013» military intelligence units involved. These puzzles comes destruction of communication lines, conditional road mining, ambushes, etc. acts subversive character. So Makarov, Russian and Belarusian military personnel have to deal with highly trained and experienced conventional enemy.
Testing the interaction of Russian and Belarusian armed forces in the strategic exercises «West-2013» will last until September 26. Allied countries is not the first time organize such events, but this year in the program are severe maneuvers innovations. For the first time during the years of cooperation in the exercises are participating ships Russian navy. In addition, for the first time in the history of Russian-Belarusian cooperation in the field of exercise is a joint operation by landing amphibious assault.