Lessons from Canadas democracy

I. From 2500 rubles in Moscow backward to 125,000 Canadian dollars in the forward Quebec

Overseas capitalists, they say, as if there is no democracy in Russia. In other words, the power of the people. Well, no, do not. But in the advanced countries of Western democracy with a surplus. There it is shown, for example, as a punishment for his role in street demonstrations. There's even a deaf Our homeland has learned a thing or two from the West.

Lessons from Canada's democracy

And it is true: for his role in an unauthorized rally authorities have not pat on the head. Russian lawmakers just terrible, without unnecessary explanations, you can roll out to a fine of 500 or even a thousand rubles. And if you — not just a party, and the organizer of a protest is not approved by the city authorities, the amount by which your wallet lose weight, and could reach 2,500 rubles. Comrade Bulk probably heard from anyone about it. In Russia, so ill with democracy, which for her role in an unauthorized rally can get behind bars. By as much as 15 days. A fortnight arrest (this is the maximum may take pity and give 5 or 10 days) you, by the way, still have to earn it. To relax in a cold chamber from the bustle of life, for you will have to strongly demonstrate contempt for public policy: neprelichno expressed (see, in Russia there is still censorship), offensive harass citizens, damage, or simply destroy other people's property. In general, try to.

Or is it the democratic West. For example, in the U.S. if you do not, God forbid, go out to the demonstration with the subject, which the authorities deem similar to the gun, to give you 10 years. And if the protesters who have not received permission for a demonstration blocked the passage or passage, they will be fined up to 3000 dollars.

In England, for the same thing, for what in Russia give 15 days is possible to obtain 5 years plus a fine of £ 2,000.

In Germany, the intruder-demonstrator apertures, fortunately, only one year of imprisonment, which is a court decision can be replaced with a fine of 15,000 euros.

In a democracy protesters in France for his role in the rally after the police command "Break it up! 'Bullpen shines one year and a fine of up to 15,000 euros. But if the offender-protester tries to hide his face, it can cram into tyuryazhku for three years and fined up to 45,000 euros. If the villain came to the rally even with a gun, it's entirely possible that he soldered 5 years. Justice French — a serious thing.

In Sweden, the demonstrators also do not stand on ceremony: 4 years can get the organizer of the synagogue, 2 years — party.

Switzerland — a country rich. Here, the subsequent punishment: a fine of up to 100,000 dollars.

In the Land of the Rising Sun, Italy (in the latter — more than 10 are not collected), and other countries, boasting its own democracy, too, do not you praise for her role in "gatherings". And remember, a gun, a Molotov cocktail or a stone with a better not to bring.

As we see, democracy, and 15 days — the concepts are incompatible. Exclusively in a backward Russian Federation are still practiced these children's terms and tiny fines. In general, the deputies, fearing, apparently, the budget deficit, offer paltry fines reincarnated thousands of millions.

In recent months, the rapid pace development of democracy in Canada. Earlier this country is the softness of penalties was closer to the other democracies of. But on May 17 in Quebec (the administrative center of the province of the same name), where for three months rioting students, a special bill was passed (Law) under the number 78. Now, if you want to walk on the street vpyatidesyaterom be kind enough to get to the "rally" permission from the police.

On the Quebec Act it is also impossible to gather en masse near the colleges and institutes. 50 meters — it is near, for that penalty. The usual "natural persons", whose hut on the edge, can get out the sum of 1000-5000 dollars, but the student will have to lay favorites for the same from 7 to 35 thousand dollars. Student Union authorities will be able to roll out fines of 25 to 125 thousand dollars.

CREATE your own bill, Canadian legislators have taken the example of democratic France. If the protesters are there for violators, hiding behind a mask face, since 2009 and the punishment (quote to remember: 1.500 euro fine), the City Council of Montreal (naikrupneyshgo town of the province of Quebec) also issued a ruling prohibiting the protesters to enter the rally wearing masks or hiding face hoods.

68 MPs in Quebec voted "for" the adoption of Bill 48 — "against." 68 people have decided for all, democracy is how it will look in their native land. Well, they are also members of parliament. That's their business — to decide. So Makar, these sixty eight new law made the objection tyscham two hundred and fifty protesters on the streets of Quebec and Montreal. Try to three attempts to guess whether people in Canada power.

II. I do not want to learn, want to hold a meeting!

The Province of Quebec, where he studied at the universities so far cheaper than anywhere else in Canada, Not for the first time raise tuition fees. The reason for price rise is the same: the economic crisis affected. In 2010, tuition was raised by 4.5%. Year of study the student was worth an average of 2,000 Canadian dollars. (One Canadian dollar — about the same as the one South American). In 2011, the fee went up by 4.3%.

But already In February of the same in 2011 Government of Quebec, tired of begging on the little things, opened up its plans, announcing that the fee will be increased by 75%: for 1625 bucks. This was the last straw students. Slip of the tongue that the fee will be raised not once, but over 5 years, has not made on disturbed students memories. Hungry for justice boys and girls do not want their account local government plug hole in the budget.

And since that February the students began to advocate for their rights. "Maple Spring" in Canada, which is similar to the spontaneous revolution (incidentally, the protesters put reddish odezhki and act under the reddish flags, moreover, against Bill 78 does not protrude far some students) is more than 100 days.

Instead of attending the lectures, students are often organize protests. Everyday. In late March, he goes out immediately to 100,000 people. The record was set in May — 250,000.

Police democracy in Quebec meets student protesters pepper gas, baton strikes, light and sound grenades and oblaskivaet arrests. Protesters also say that on them shoot rubber bullets.

In Montreal, everything is not quiet. Quote:

"In Montreal, the students in the meantime decided to use other methods to attract attention to themselves. They marched through the streets, stripped down to his underwear in a symbol of protest.

A new step in the protests was the attack on the Montreal Metro. May 10 there was halted train traffic due to the fact that several stations have laid the smoke bombs. As a result, the subway was paralyzed for several hours, and 10's of thousands of passengers had to replant ground transportation. The authorities allowed extra buses, but many still had to wait at the station for several hours
before they could leave.

Offensively, the accused four students who have been detained in Mon May 14, appeared before the tribunal. They were charged with criminal conspiracy, damage to property at 5 thousand dollars and simulated terrorist attack. Under these articles the students faces up to five years jail.

With all of this for the protest movement, they already look like heroes and prisoners of conscience. In the hall they were greeted with applause, and in front of the court building their supporters attacked the journalists. Reporters got over the fact that they have released photos of the police, too, by the views of students, non-objective light is the cause. "

Lin Beauchamp, past Minister of Education of Quebec, tried to agree with student organizations, but it turned out to be a negotiator naughty.

In late April, after the arrest of 85 protesters, she said, "That invites to the table representatives of 2-student associations. Another alliance of youth — the most structurally adjusted — was deprived of the attention of the authorities. The Minister said that he would not talk to those who use violence and intimidation. Favourite constructively minded wing demonstrators Gabriel Nade-Dubois said in response that a similar decision only adds fuel to the fire of conflict. In the end, two other student groups in a symbol of solidarity refused to participate in the negotiations. "

Then there was 2nd attempt"May 5-6, representatives of the government held a 22-hour negotiations with the favorites of the protest movement. The Ministry of Education has proposed a compromise: the tuition fees will raise, but not as sharply (by 254 bucks a year for 7 years). In addition, Lin Beauchamp wanted to do a special committee to examine the management of institutions and improve costs. In such a case to show funds could be allocated for scholarships for students. In exchange for these concessions to the authorities sought to end the strike and return for books. "

Students of Quebec is a half-hearted proposal did not support.

Beauchamp had no choice but to recognize once and my weakness and defeat. May 14, she resigned. The premise is called resignation is just the failure of negotiations with the students who have not graduated from holding mass actions against the growth of tuition fees. When Lin Beauchamp to resign 170,000 students boycotted classes, and police conducted mass arrests.

A holy place is never empty. Lin has replaced Michel Beauchamp Curonians here which declared, it will not deviate from the course to increase tuition fees. Lin Beauchamp could not retire from work.

The Government of Quebec, who stood across the larynx daily demonstrations nepokorlivyh students, at the insistence of the Prime Minister of Quebec, Jean Charest, May 17 adopted a bill number 78, would tighten requirements for rallies. In response to student organizations cried out to all residents Quebec and Montreal, "Come out to the show!"

On the night of May 17, the students began to smash windows in Montreal in banks throw at police heavy and light objects. The night has been arrested 122 people.

Rebelled not only students. The rallies have acquired a mass character now. "I did not care about the protests, when it was against the increase in tuition fees — says 32-year-old manager Gilles Marcotte. — But when the law is struck not only by students but by all of us, I realized that something must be done. All this has gone too far. "

Lessons from Canada's democracy

May 22 the students said stodnevku mass protests demonstration. More than 100 arrests was made by the police that night. Montreal «The Gazette» (J. Manny, Katherine Wilton, Andy Riga etc.) reports that on this night for the first time were used by Bill number 78, and ruling against the wearing of masks.

After a day or two, on the night of May 24, the militia of Quebec has established an internal record for the number of student arrests. In Quebec and Montreal was delayed nearly 700 people. Most of them — 518 people — were arrested in Montreal and another 170 people — in Quebec.

Protesters they say"" The government should repeal this law has not yet happened irredeemable — they can seriously injure or even kill someone. It will be a terrible accident, and no one wants, but we have no exit. "

By the way, the Russian Foreign Ministry commissioner for human rights, democracy and the rule of law, Konstantin Dolgov, in connection with the oppressed periodic mass protests in both Canada and the United States, in a special commentary said"… An epidemic of brutal arrests of peaceful demonstrators in Chicago (in the general difficulties for a number of days arrested about 50 people) and Montreal (about 200 people), accompanied by the use of so-called" acoustic cannon "and the rest of the special equipment, can not but raise serious concerns in the context of democratic rights and freedom of expression of views, assembly and association guaranteed by fundamental international treaties and agreements. "

But the authorities in Quebec Dolgov not hear. They are not inferior and do not want to concede the protesters.

III. Gaze from Canada strike — the best strategy

"… In the base 15-week strike is protest against rising tuition fees — about $ 250 a year for 7 years — writes in «The Gazette» Karen Zeidman, a reporter for the institute's newspaper — but now, when last Friday adopted a controversial Bill 78, and we have entered into a discussion of rights.

In many years — continues creator — the students were fighting for free education, they complained about the heavy burden of debt, they even fictitiously married — in order to qualify for a huge student aid … "

Lessons from Canada's democracy

The struggle for free education, wrote Zeidman, conducted in Quebec since the early 1960s. Students protested before, but never it never went so far and the protests did not last so long. One of collegiate professors says: hard to say who will overcome in the conflict. One thing is clear: the conflict has moved beyond the tuition fees.

In Article Karen Zeidman given all the historical landmarks of student struggle since 1958, when the prime minister Maurice Duplessis refused federal funds created to finance education. In protest three students from the Institute of Montreal were sitting in the waiting room of his office every day for a week. Although they did not succeed, and he did not change his own solutions, their action was a turning Fri campuses in Quebec which become more active in the political sense. Specifically in Quebec and began widespread protests — in 1960. Students have gained a lot in Quebec, and
even the creation of the institution of Quebec in 1969 — flank achievement of the student movement. Among other methods, except for strikes and protests, to highlight extravagant. For example, in 1986, when the local Liberal government decided to "unfreeze" the tuition fees (ie, simply put, start increasing it), about 50 students took part in a simulation of the mass marriage ceremony, saying that it is the only method by which they will be able to qualify for loans and grants. After two weeks, the government capitulated.

In 2005 there was the first student conflict with the Charest Liberal government, which announced a reduction of $ 103 million in loans and grants. More than 170,000 students took to the strike, which lasted for eight weeks. Education Minister Jean-Marc Fournier, in the end, brought back all the 103 million.

Students know the history of the movement, and they say that "the best strategy in clashes with the unjust state policies on higher education — is a strike. Movement, according to the students, voedinyzhdy joins them, and they can overcome anything. "

Room Montreal «The Gazette» May 27 posted a note with the picture favorites of the three student organizations: Leo Bureau-Blyui, president of the FECQ, Martin Desjardins, president of the FEUQ, and Gabriel Nade-Dubois, a representative of CLASSE. In the picture they are waiting for your own lawyer, which on behalf of the student groups, labor unions leading a lawsuit against Bill 78, started on May 25.

In the note, moreover, that the students are not willing to compromise on the increase of tuition fees, said the criticism of Bill 78 rights organization «Amnesty International».

The organization said that in Quebec adopted a law violates freedom of speech, assembly and movement — in violation of international obligations of Canada.

"Bill 78 — is an insult to the major freedoms that go far beyond the provincial, national or international laws on human rights" — so said Xavier Zuniga, a spokesman for «Amnesty».

Real Seguin Room «The Globe and Mail» May 27, quotes the 81-year-old Jacques Parisot, who intensively participated in the political life of Quebec in 1960., including in the "Quiet Revolution" as a member of the Quebec Party, and later her favorite.

Parisot said: "When I started working in the government, was the nationalization of the electricity company, and I was 31. The atmosphere at the time was irresistible … Well, at the moment I have a feeling that it all starts again … It's pretty cool: create awakening of a generation. It's quite exciting. "

Old Parisot warned the government about the threat of collisions with the youth movement, referring to the late French President Francois Mitterrand: "Young people do not always come true. But society always goes bad when one beats them. "

As an economic argument for the government of Quebec in Article Real Seguin leads such a reason: Montreal tourist season begins, and intrigued by the businessmen claim the government to put an end to everyday confrontations between demonstrators and police.

This week, the paper reported, will be carried out 'last attempt to "local education minister agree with rebellious students.

Next are the words of Martin Desjardins, president of the Federation of the institute's students: "The last time we met with Mrs. Kurshev, this was followed by the adoption of the emergency law. Because we are very careful. One thing is certain: there can be no solution until government refuses to open a discussion tuition fees. " Negotiations with the Minister for Education after the next start of mass demonstrations that have passed outright in 6 Canadian cities.

The article states, and that the Law Society of Quebec had come to "silent" march through the streets of Montreal. Lawyers, notaries and other servants of the law connected voedinyzhdy a symbol of protest against what they call "a disproportionate infringement of the rights to free expression of views, assembly and to freedom of peaceful demonstrations."

As for the Emperor Parisot, the 81-year veteran of the "Quiet Revolution" again rumors about the independence of Quebec. The fact that next fall in Quebec summit slated supporters of sovereignty. And Jacques Parisot, enjoying reminiscing about his past and associating it with the real, believes that the current unrest could make a meaningful contribution to the debate on sovereignty.

Parisot notes, and the fact that the protests are not beheld neither the 1st Canadian flag — meanwhile was going on in the streets of 200,000 people.

Flags and in fact there is not Canadian, and reddish. The revolutionary. This is clearly seen in photographs.

Surveyed and translated Oleg Chuvakin
— Especially for topwar.ru

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