The Temple Mount in Jerusalem — A holy place of Israel, for me, interesting for its amazing Tunnel Temple Mount, leading to the foundation. He was dug out in the late 20th century and its main feature is the megalithic masonry, separate blocks which weigh up to 600 tons! Megaliths stacked without solution and have little or no gaps between them …
Herod's Temple was burned and destroyed by the Roman emperor Titus in 70 AD Currently Only fragment outside the Western Wall of the temple, which in Hebrew is called "haKotel haMaaravi." As of today — this is the most sacred building of the Jewish people. To her flock to pray for deliverance and renewal.
Next to the Temple Mount excavations in recent years of the XX century discovered the invisible part of the Western Wall and the remains of ancient streets and buildings of the city. From the open part of the Temple Mount goes underground long tunnel, which is called differently — Tunnel of the Temple Mount and the Kotel Tunnel, not quite right, the Hasmonean Tunnel.
Originally, it was not a tunnel, and part of the street Irodianskoy era. The tunnel was dug in our time under the houses which have grown since the Middle Ages on the ruins of the ancient city.
In this tunnel you can see the giant stone blocks, "megaliths", weighing up to 600 tons, the production and the construction of which is attributed to Herod. Used in their construction masonry — typical megalithic the lack of slots and a cementitious material. Building blocks were fitted tightly together. The size of one of the largest megalithic blocks in the Kotel Tunnel is 4h4h11-13m (various sources), and the weight of 500-600 tons! Underneath it are megalithic blocks of smaller size, and on top — later masonry, most likely the time of Solomon, Herod (formerly the IV. Century BC — I century AD)
Most archaeologists believe, and the tour guides say that this part of Herod the Great Wall built in the I century BC — I c. BC Is this true?
The nearest similar archaeological site is located 85 km north-east of Beirut, in Lebanon, in the fertile Bekaa Valley, in the town of Baalbek. This — the magnificent ruins of which are called the Temple of Jupiter. Once — it was one of the most sacred places on Earth, but in our time of Baalbek all forgotten for thirty years of war and terrorism. It is the capital of the terrorist organization Hezbollah.
Ancient history Baalbek is unknown. At the reign of Augustus the city was turned into a Roman colony and had a Roman garrison. There were several places of worship were built, but the most significant and most majestic ruins are larger temple of Jupiter, which was built in the Roman period by the Emperor Nero.
Compared with the temple of Jupiter, the Parthenon in Athens, it may seem a dwarf. But no matter how glorious temple of Jupiter, the foundation on which it rests, pre-Roman buildings, built of enormous blocks of stone, even more grand. It consists of blocks of stone. In the south-eastern wall of the temple grounds are nine series. Each unit is about the size of 11h4, 6×3, 3 m weights, respectively, more than 300 tons. At the same level in the adjoining south-west wall has six 300-ton stones, over which are three huge megalithic blocks, called Trilithon or Miracle of three stones. Three granite block Trilithon sixth visible form of masonry walls. Each of these incredibly huge stones reaches an average length of 21 meters, a height of 5 meters and a width of 4 meters. They weigh 800 tons each!
On a large scale Trilithon can be judged by the value of the largest bloc, known as the "Southern rock" — it is not far in his career, a ten minute walk to the south-west. Dimensions of the stone blocks — 23 m long, 5.3 m wide and 4.55 m high. It weighs about 1,000 tons.
As a 800-ton stones Trilithon dragged from the quarry to the construction site? The distance is not too great — no more than a mile, and the difference in height between the two points is not too large. However, considering the size and weight of the stones and the fact that the road from the quarry to the temple is still not completely smooth, transportation using conventional vehicles seems impossible. And further, even greater mystery is how the stones were then Trilithon raised more than 6 m and mounted on the wall with such precision without any mortar.
If you compare the foundations of the Temple of Jerusalem and Baalbek, then immediately catch the eye the same technology and the installation of megaliths: straight and level surface, precise installation, the rectangular holes on the sides of the blocks, which appears to have been used for transporting them. Perhaps these foundations — the result of the labor of one unknown civilization? Moreover, given the smaller size of megalithic blocks on Mount Moriah can be assumed that this foundation is older than the foundation in Baalbek.
It is clear that in both cases the builders upper superstructure, temples, used by the ancient foundation.
Some experts are trying to convince us that the Romans built it in Baalbek is a broad base of stone as the foundation for its temples. But virtually none of the Roman emperors never declared such a fantastic building facilities, and besides, too much of a difference between the scale of the Roman churches, such as the Forum and the foundation of the temple in Baalbek and on Mount Moriah. Among other things, we have no evidence that the Romans possessed the technology with which could transport blocks of stone weighing 800 tons. Moreover, there is no evidence that would prove that any known civilizations possessed technique with which to raise such huge rocks!
Megaliths of Jerusalem and Baalbek have no analogues in the world. Even the Egyptian pyramids are composed of a large number of blocks weighing only 15 tons each. The heaviest megalith, perhaps — the unfinished obelisk in Aswan, 1185 tons, but he remained lying on the ground.
Who could build such a giant stone base and for what? This is a mystery for thousands of years, excited the imagination of man.
If the version of the goal of building the Temple in Jerusalem only — tanahicheskaya, the assumptions about the likely builders of Baalbek and the designation of complex enough. The Arabs believed that Baalbek belonged mythical Nimrod, who once reigned in this part of Lebanon. In an Arabic manuscript found at Baalbek, says that Nimrod sent giants that they have restored Baalbek after the Flood In another text says that Nimrod rebelled against their God and built the Tower of Babel in Baalbek.
Sometimes the construction of Baalbek associated with the biblical character Cain, son of Adam. He allegedly built Baalbek as a safe haven when the god Yahweh has cursed him. Patriarch of the Maronite community of Lebanon Estfan Doveygi wrote: "According to the legends, the fortress of Baalbek — the oldest building in the world. It was built by Adam's son Cain in the year 133 from the foundation of the world, in a fit of insane rage. He named it after his son Enoch and peopled the giants who were punished by the flood in their iniquity. "
However, the true builders of the foundations of both the temples and about the time of their construction, we probably will never know. Creators of the Wonders of the World are not left a single mention, not a single trace.