Russian Energy Ministry expects production and export of coal in 2013 at the level of last year's figures
Coal production for the first quarter in 2013, down 1.1%, but the supply is higher by 1.2% — this means that the warehouses are filled with coal mining companies ", — explained Anatoly Yanovsky.
According to him, in the European market significantly deteriorated the competition due to the fact that a significant amount of coal coming from the United States. As another factor that can affect the level of export of Russian companies, Anatoly Yanovsky considered the possibility of introducing quotas for exports of coal in Ukraine: "I have seen the draft decisions that Ukrainian colleagues plan to introduce quotas for coking coal. In this regard, we have a definite concern, "- he said.
At the same time, in recent years there has been strong growth in coal exports in the East, especially in China. Last year, China was delivered 19.3 million tons of coal in January-February 2013 — 3.8 million tons (in the same period in 2012 — 1.8 million tons). This increase, Deputy Energy Minister explained the development of transport infrastructure: "We have an agreement with Chinese partners on the development of rail shipments, and therefore the volume of supply during the past year increased. Moreover, playing the role of seasonal factor. "
Speaking about the development of technology of the coal industry in Russia, Anatoly Yanovsky said that all new coal mining projects planned to construct a minimum of processing plants and power generation facilities and facilities related to coal chemistry and production of synthetic liquid fuels from coal. "Refining increases every year, not only coking coal, but coal," — he said.
According to the Ministry of Energy of Russia, and increased investment in the coal industry from the companies: in 2011, total investments amounted to 99.5 billion rubles of investments in 2012 — 116.9 billion rubles.
Speaking about the measures of state support coal mining companies, Anatoly Yanovsky identified two main areas: "The regional authorities may grant exemptions for income tax, any industrial facilities on its territory, in particular, the Kemerovo region provides such benefits in connection with the construction of the processing plant. Also, the government has been promoting the development of infrastructure — rail and energy. Support in the form of direct money is not "- said the deputy minister.
As relevant to the coal industry issues Anatoly Yanovsky outlined addressing bankrupt mines and the relocation of families of miners from dilapidated housing.
"We know that mine is a hazardous production facility, and in this regard, in accordance with the laws of a liquidation plan must be developed, so that after the completion of mining at the site locality was not harmed in terms of flooding areas and homes. At the same time, bankruptcy law does not provide for any special order of liquidation of hazardous production facilities. This leads to the fact that the owner starts to form a competitive basis for the payment of debts, salaries, sells equipment. Then the receivership ends and the resulting object is passed to the municipality, but municipalities do not have skills and tools to solve these problems. The issue concerns not only the coal industry, but also hazardous industries as a whole ", — said the deputy head of the Ministry of Energy.
According to him, the Ministry of Energy has directed the government to appropriate proposals for amendments to the legislation. Their essence is to ensure that the businesses are in the verge of bankruptcy, to fund the development of a plan to eliminate the object and its implementation (liquidation fund) to finance the first stage of the procedure. Monitor the implementation of these conditions is proposed to transfer the supervisory authorities.
The process is accompanied by the elimination of mines another problem — the relocation of miners. This question is particularly relevant in the Kemerovo region — in the cities of Prokopyevsk Kiselevsk and Anzhero-. Deputy Energy Minister said that the inhabitants of these settlements do not fall under the state program of resettlement of slum multi-family housing, due to the fact that the vast majority of the population live in private homes. "I am happy to say that last week the Prime Minister has signed a number of instructions to solve these problems", — said Anatoly Yanovsky.