Modernization of the navigation equipment S-300 PMU1/C-400 based products GALS-D2M

Currently used by navigation systems ("Reference" and "Throne-1") anti-aircraft missile systems (SAMs) PMU1 C-300 and C-400 does not fully meet modern requirements for navigation or on the move, no time ready to work nor accuracy and uptime. Used navigation systems do not allow the SAM battalion commander in real time to make informed decisions based on diverse source of information to be operational processing in real-time.

One of the possible directions of modernization of equipment can provide all the elements of a complex system of universal SAM orientation, stabilization and navigation with a possible stand-alone application: on-board computer and navigation system "GALS-D2M."

 

Navigation systems S-300 PMU1/C-400

 

SAM analysis of the navigation system shows that the goniometer was used navigation aid consumers (Figure 2). A significant drawback to the use SAM goniometric navigation equipment [1] is the inability to work in conditions of electronic jamming and low accuracy of the angles of the spatial orientation of SAM.  

 

                                  Figure 2 — The antenna system navigation system "Landmark" W

 

Using only satellite navigation in the SAM does not ensure reliability in the orientation and position determination. A must for gyroscopic systems. It is known that a simple 1 watt generator placed on the UAV can suppress the navigation signals of GLONASS / GPS at distances from 30 km to 100 km. In addition, in order for SAM movement in mountain canyons, forests, under bridges, in tunnels, under overpasses, etc., there may be short-term loss and distortion of signals from satellite navigation systems. The potential use of enemy reconnaissance and electronic warfare using drones against AMD-160A SAM is shown in Figure 3.

           Figure 3 — Options for possible use by the enemy reconnaissance and electronic warfare against the SAM

 

Analysis of the topographic location and orientation of funds used in the S-300 PMU1/S-400 showed that the solution of information and navigation tasks is built on the basis of topographical orientation (STR) "Tron-1" located on the chassis URAL 43206-1730. [2] Station "throne-1" was created in 2000 and was designed to replace obsolete equipment Tank TNA-4 and consists of girokursoukazatelya, cartographer, lightbar driver and aerial satellite navigation systems (SNS).

Analysis of the performance and functionality of the topographic orientation (STR) "Tron-1" shows that in 2012, they no longer meet modern requirements. Girokursoizmeritel station "throne-1" (product "SSGKKU" — self-orienting gyroscopic system kursokrenaukazaniya) is a three-axis gyrostabilizer modular design based on dynamically tuned gyros, which have a number of disadvantages:

the presence of moving parts and as a consequence, the complexity of design;
large startup time and low sensitivity;
High power consumption and low radiation resistance;
low reliability and long service life;
potentially high cost.

To replace obsolete equipment Tank TNA-4 enterprises of the defense-industrial complex of Russia have developed a three-class navigation equipment — "Gamma", "Gamma-1" and "Gamma-2". Analysis of the performance and functionality of the "Gamma" shows that they do not meet modern requirements for no available time to work, neither in terms of accuracy and uptime. Comparative analysis of the basic characteristics is shown in Table 1 number.

Number     Accuracy                                TNA-4-3  "Gamma-1"  "Gamma-2 '  GALS-D2M-3

1. X, Y satellite receiver, m asked 20-30 20-30 10-15
2. X, Y autonomous navigation system, 1.2% of the way 0.6 1.0 0.15
3. X, Y of the initial azimuth, PDE No 3.4 No 1.0
4. X, Y tilt angle PDE No 3.5 3.5 0.5
5. Time, min 20 15 June 10     

One of the drawbacks of the navigation system SAM is no automatic display of three-dimensional spatial position of the commander on the display device and the driver: the angles of orientation, velocity, rotation about the three axes, the velocity and acceleration of movement in three directions SAM.

Thus, the existing navigation system S-300 PMU 1/S-400 needs a thorough modernization of navigation aids to enhance maneuverability, starting capability of anti-aircraft missiles with a pre unprepared destinations and improve the survivability of air defense missile systems. 

 

On-board computer and navigation system "GALS-D2M"

To modernize the outdated navigation system S-300 PMU 1/S-400 "RPA" PROGRESS "(Russia, Moscow) for a number of years (c 2008 to 2012) has been working on its own initiative to create on-board computer and navigation system ( product "GALS-D2M") [3].

Product "GALS-D2M" is designed to enhance the operational capabilities of air defense missile systems navigation, stabilization and orientation in traffic, fighting for positions in the area defended object, increasing survivability by agility and protivoognevyh of events starting capability of anti-aircraft missiles with a pre unprepared points route at any time, regardless of the weather conditions and the application of enemy electronic warfare.

Product Features "GALS-D2M":

— navigation solution and determination of initial coordinates using satellite navigation systems GLONASS / GPS; 
— automatic start-up and transition in the modes of orientation (girokompasirovaniya), and further work in the mode of aggregation; 
— navigation data transmission systems for stabilization, autonomous target detection and calc? ta parameters for starting the anti-aircraft missiles; 
— automatic display of the motion parameters of SAM (position, velocity and direction of motion) on the display unit commander and driver heading sensor; 
— Collaboration VHF / HF radio stations and radio network Air Force aerospace defense. 
— work with electronic navigation map of the military districts of the Russian Federation, is displayed on the screen of the display screen lightbar commander and the driver; 
— diagnostic capability of the systems and components of transport and launchers to the transfer of the main parameters on the display device command SAM. 

Product "GALS-D2M" provides:

— continuous navigation and orientation with the issuance of the navigation information to the external information systems in the performance of the march as a part of the column, and the order of battle across a dispersed mobile elements of anti-missile system by independent routes in the area defended the object at any point of the earth, at any time, regardless of weather conditions and the application of enemy electronic warfare; 
— possibility of stabilization and orientation of launchers for launching anti-aircraft missiles with a firing position at any time of the day in all weather conditions and the application of enemy electronic warfare; 
— the ability to transfer at redeployment SAM n
avigation data from the article "GALS-D2M" installed on freight launcher in the inertial navigation system, anti-tank guided missiles (such as the type 9M96E) for pre-accelerated targeting these types of missiles at the target; 
— opportunity to be actively re-deployment and conduct maneuvers all the elements of SAM detection means radio (including the space) of enemy intelligence in unplanned areas of engagement; 
— the ability to perform all elements of the air defense system of self protivoognevogo maneuver through the rapid dispersal and change the position of the fighter aircraft and UAVs opponent. 

 

                                 Figure 4 — Version of S-400 (collage NGOs PROGRESS)

 

The complex "GALS-D2M" embodies the best technical solutions that are world standards in the field of inertial navigation, information and computing, telecommunications and satellite technology.

The basis of building a "GALS-D2M" principle laid odometer. At the same time, the complex "GALS-D2M" complexed with receiver satellite navigation systems GLONASS / GPS, multiple single-board computers, eliminating accumulated odometer channel biases and random errors in the satellite.

In addition, off-line "GALS-D2M" provided by complexation with a strapdown inertial navigation system (SINS) and odometers (mechanical and / or Doppler speed sensors).

Complex "GALS-D2M" will work in a unified information space navigation with advanced anti-aircraft guided missiles (such as 9M96E), which have inertial navigation systems.

The urgency of the problem of high-precision positioning of SAM on a fighting position, led to the start of work in 2012 to establish a set of high-precision positioning based on the differential method with a positioning accuracy of up to 20 mm [4]. To achieve precise positioning of all functions in one embodiment of the articles "HALS-D2M" is provided for setting VHF radio reception correcting navigational data from the mobile base station positioning precision.

Inherent in the product, "GALS-D2M" technical solutions and software will greatly expand the functionality of the system of navigation, orientation and stabilization of SAM, improve positioning accuracy for combat positions and reduce start-up time to work.

In addition, the driver has the ability to not only see the three-dimensional spatial position of the SAM, but watch the rear view when reversing on the display device (lightbar driver) using analog cameras (can connect up to 4 analog cameras).

The commander of air defense missile battalion has the opportunity to work with electronic navigation maps while driving SAM, which leads to increased combat effectiveness at moving into a defended area of the object.

Product "GALS-D2M" consists of nodes (Figure 5):

— A display device; 
— The central control unit and navigation; 
— Strapdown inertial navigation system; 
— Lightbar driver; 
— Doppler velocity sensor; 
— Aerial satellite navigation system.

Option structural and functional circuit products "GALS-D2M" is shown in Figure 6. Code names for the structural and functional circuit products "GALS-D2M" number given in Table 2.

 

 The display device

Management "GALS-D2M" and input-output data from the device is displayed (Figure 7), which has an LCD display with a resolution of 800×480, a 7'' (178 mm) and a function Touch Screen. Dimensions of display device no more than 198 x 123,5 x 36 mm, weight 2000 g, meets the requirements of GOST RV 20.39.304-98 (operating temperature range: -50 ° C to + 55 ° C).

The display unit provides the commander of the air defense missile battalion on the move to electronic navigational charts of the military districts of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation placed in a copy-protected e-card.

The display device together with the central navigation unit and form a loop control workstation division commander. Examples of mapping software NGOs PROGRESS "GIS GALS" on the display device command are shown in Figures 7 and 8.

 

 

 

 

               Figure 6 — Option structural and functional circuit products "GALS-D2M" (NGOs PROGRESS)

 

 Table number 2 Symbols and names

Function block number block code name
1. The central control unit and navigation TSBUN
2. The display device of the RO-1
3. Lightbar driver KV-1
4. Antenna Satellite Navigation System AG-1
5. Video processor unit BW-1
6. Central computer unit BCC-1
7. The microprocessor control unit MCU-1
8. Satellite navigation receiver GLONASS and GPS SNP-2
9. Strapdown inertial navigation system SINS
10. Block digital modem BCM-1
11. VHF radio (400 — 900 MHz) RM-900N
12. VHF radio antenna AS-2
13. Doppler velocity sensor DDS-1

 

Figure 7 — The display device products "GALS-D2M-3"

 

                                  Figure 2 — The antenna system navigation system "Landmark" W

 

Using only satellite navigation in the SAM does not ensure reliability in the orientation and position determination. A must for gyroscopic systems. It is known that a simple 1 watt generator placed on the UAV can suppress the navigation signals of GLONASS / GPS at distances from 30 km to 100 km. In addition, in order for SAM movement in mountain canyons, forests, under bridges, in tunnels, under overpasses, etc., there may be short-term loss and distortion of signals from satellite navigation systems. The potential use of enemy reconnaissance and electronic warfare using drones against AMD-160A SAM is shown in Figure 3.

           Figure 3 — Options for possible use by the enemy reconnaissance and electronic warfare against the SAM

 

Analysis of the topographic location and orientation of funds used in the S-300 PMU1/S-400 showed that the solution of information and navigation tasks is built on the basis of topographical orientation (STR) "Tron-1" located on the chassis URAL 43206-1730. [2] Station "throne-1" was created in 2000 and was designed to replace obsolete equipment Tank TNA-4 and consists of girokursoukazatelya, cartographer, lightbar driver and aerial satellite navigation systems (SNS).

Analysis of the performance and functionality of the topographic orientation (STR) "Tron-1" shows that in 2012, they no longer meet modern requirements. Girokursoizmeritel station "throne-1" (product "SSGKKU" — self-orienting gyroscopic system kursokrenaukazaniya) is a three-axis gyrostabilizer modular design based on dynamically tuned gyros, which have a number of disadvantages:

the presence of moving parts and as a consequence, the complexity of design;
large startup time and low sensitivity;
High power consumption and low radiation resistance;
low reliability and long service life;
potentially high cost.

To replace obsolete equipment Tank TNA-4 enterprises of the defense-industrial complex of Russia have developed a three-class navigation equipment — "Gamma", "Gamma-1" and "Gamma-2". Analysis of the performance and functionality of the "Gamma" shows that they do not meet modern requirements for no available time to work, neither in terms of accuracy and uptime. Comparative analysis of the basic characteristics is shown in Table 1 number.

Number     Accuracy                                TNA-4-3  "Gamma-1"  "Gamma-2 '  GALS-D2M-3

1. X, Y satellite receiver, m asked 20-30 20-30 10-15
2. X, Y autonomous navigation system, 1.2% of the way 0.6 1.0 0.15
3. X, Y of the initial azimuth, PDE No 3.4 No 1.0
4. X, Y tilt angle PDE No 3.5 3.5 0.5
5. Time, min 20 15 June 10     

One of the drawbacks of the navigation system SAM is no automatic display of three-dimensional spatial position of the commander on the display device and the driver: the angles of orientation, velocity, rotation about the three axes, the velocity and acceleration of movement in three directions SAM.

Thus, the existing navigation system S-300 PMU 1/S-400 needs a thorough modernization of navigation aids to enhance maneuverability, starting capability of anti-aircraft missiles with a pre unprepared destinations and improve the survivability of air defense missile systems. 

 

On-board computer and navigation system "GALS-D2M"

To modernize the outdated navigation system S-300 PMU 1/S-400 "RPA" PROGRESS "(Russia, Moscow) for a number of years (c 2008 to 2012) has been working on its own initiative to create on-board computer and navigation system ( product "GALS-D2M") [3].

Product "GALS-D2M" is designed to enhance the operational capabilities of air defense missile systems navigation, stabilization and orientation in traffic, fighting for positions in the area defended object, increasing survivability by agility and protivoognevyh of events starting capability of anti-aircraft missiles with a pre unprepared points route at any time, regardless of the weather conditions and the application of enemy electronic warfare.

Product Features "GALS-D2M":

— navigation solution and determination of initial coordinates using satellite navigation systems GLONASS / GPS; 
— automatic start-up and transition in the modes of orientation (girokompasirovaniya), and further work in the mode of aggregation; 
— navigation data transmission systems for stabilization, autonomous target detection and calc? ta parameters for starting the anti-aircraft missiles; 
— automatic display of the motion parameters of SAM (position, velocity and direction of motion) on the display unit commander and driver heading sensor; 
— Collaboration VHF / HF radio stations and radio network Air Force aerospace defense. 
— work with electronic navigation map of the military districts of the Russian Federation, is displayed on the screen of the display screen lightbar commander and the driver; 
— diagnostic capability of the systems and components of transport and launchers to the transfer of the main parameters on the display device command SAM. 

Product "GALS-D2M" provides:

— continuous navigation and orientation with the issuance of the navigation information to the external information systems in the performance of the march as a part of the column, and the order of battle across a dispersed mobile elements of anti-missile system by independent routes in the area defended the object at any point of the earth, at any time, regardless of weather conditions and the application of enemy electronic warfare; 
— possibility of stabilization and orientation of launchers for launching anti-aircraft missiles with a firing position at any time of the day in all weather conditions and the application of enemy electronic warfare; 
— the ability to transfer at redeployment SAM n
avigation data from the article "GALS-D2M" installed on freight launcher in the inertial navigation system, anti-tank guided missiles (such as the type 9M96E) for pre-accelerated targeting these types of missiles at the target; 
— opportunity to be actively re-deployment and conduct maneuvers all the elements of SAM detection means radio (including the space) of enemy intelligence in unplanned areas of engagement; 
— the ability to perform all elements of the air defense system of self protivoognevogo maneuver through the rapid dispersal and change the position of the fighter aircraft and UAVs opponent. 

 

                                 Figure 4 — Version of S-400 (collage NGOs PROGRESS)

 

The complex "GALS-D2M" embodies the best technical solutions that are world standards in the field of inertial navigation, information and computing, telecommunications and satellite technology.

The basis of building a "GALS-D2M" principle laid odometer. At the same time, the complex "GALS-D2M" complexed with receiver satellite navigation systems GLONASS / GPS, multiple single-board computers, eliminating accumulated odometer channel biases and random errors in the satellite.

In addition, off-line "GALS-D2M" provided by complexation with a strapdown inertial navigation system (SINS) and odometers (mechanical and / or Doppler speed sensors).

Complex "GALS-D2M" will work in a unified information space navigation with advanced anti-aircraft guided missiles (such as 9M96E), which have inertial navigation systems.

The urgency of the problem of high-precision positioning of SAM on a fighting position, led to the start of work in 2012 to establish a set of high-precision positioning based on the differential method with a positioning accuracy of up to 20 mm [4]. To achieve precise positioning of all functions in one embodiment of the articles "HALS-D2M" is provided for setting VHF radio reception correcting navigational data from the mobile base station positioning precision.

Inherent in the product, "GALS-D2M" technical solutions and software will greatly expand the functionality of the system of navigation, orientation and stabilization of SAM, improve positioning accuracy for combat positions and reduce start-up time to work.

In addition, the driver has the ability to not only see the three-dimensional spatial position of the SAM, but watch the rear view when reversing on the display device (lightbar driver) using analog cameras (can connect up to 4 analog cameras).

The commander of air defense missile battalion has the opportunity to work with electronic navigation maps while driving SAM, which leads to increased combat effectiveness at moving into a defended area of the object.

Product "GALS-D2M" consists of nodes (Figure 5):

— A display device; 
— The central control unit and navigation; 
— Strapdown inertial navigation system; 
— Lightbar driver; 
— Doppler velocity sensor; 
— Aerial satellite navigation system.

Option structural and functional circuit products "GALS-D2M" is shown in Figure 6. Code names for the structural and functional circuit products "GALS-D2M" number given in Table 2.

 

 The display device

Management "GALS-D2M" and input-output data from the device is displayed (Figure 7), which has an LCD display with a resolution of 800×480, a 7'' (178 mm) and a function Touch Screen. Dimensions of display device no more than 198 x 123,5 x 36 mm, weight 2000 g, meets the requirements of GOST RV 20.39.304-98 (operating temperature range: -50 ° C to + 55 ° C).

The display unit provides the commander of the air defense missile battalion on the move to electronic navigational charts of the military districts of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation placed in a copy-protected e-card.

The display device together with the central navigation unit and form a loop control workstation division commander. Examples of mapping software NGOs PROGRESS "GIS GALS" on the display device command are shown in Figures 7 and 8.

 

 

 

 

               Figure 6 — Option structural and functional circuit products "GALS-D2M" (NGOs PROGRESS)

 

 Table number 2 Symbols and names

Function block number block code name
1. The central control unit and navigation TSBUN
2. The display device of the RO-1
3. Lightbar driver KV-1
4. Antenna Satellite Navigation System AG-1
5. Video processor unit BW-1
6. Central computer unit BCC-1
7. The microprocessor control unit MCU-1
8. Satellite navigation receiver GLONASS and GPS SNP-2
9. Strapdown inertial navigation system SINS
10. Block digital modem BCM-1
11. VHF radio (400 — 900 MHz) RM-900N
12. VHF radio antenna AS-2
13. Doppler velocity sensor DDS-1

 

Figure 7 — The display device products "GALS-D2M-3"

Figure 8 — Example of the display on the display device products GALS-D2M software "GIS GALS" (menu "Main Menu")

Figure 9 — Example of the display on the display device products GALS-D2M virtual keyboard (Menu: "Search by Address")

The central control unit and navigation

The central control unit and navigation provides:

the opportunity to work with automated navigation and telecommunication complex for high-precision positioning of weapons and military equipment (product "GALS-BT") [4];
ability to work with digital information and navigation system (product "GALS-N1-T") [5];
ability to work with ASUV defense / aerospace defense and air force;
the opportunity to work with the equipment of automated command and control air defense system;
VHF / HF radios;
the opportunity to work with the satellite navigation system GLONASS L1 and L2 signals with BT code when using modes of difficulty "blind" and prevent unauthorized access;
Perhaps the combination of working with satellite navigation systems GLONASS L1 (ST / BT code) + L2 (CT / VT) code and GPS L1 (C / A-code);
determination of the coordinates and the azimuth SAM;
automatic display of the motion parameters of SAM (position, velocity and direction of motion) on the display device and the driver heading sensor;
automatic display of three-dimensional spatial position of the SAM on the display device and the lightbar driver: the orientation angles in three-dimensional space, the speed of rotation about three axes, velocity and acceleration of movement in three directions;
automatic determination of the azimuth to the destination;
automatic determination of azimuth to t
he destination;
SAM shows the location on the display device with the electronic navigation chart;
Automatic determination of distance to the destination;
automatic display of the destination, milestones and goals for the electronic navigational chart after their introduction to the display device;
work with the electronic navigation map while driving SAM;
storage of electronic navigational charts on the built-in secure electronic card;
automatic recording and storage of the route of the SAM;
automatically search for the points and goals at the address;
automatically search for the points and the goals of the coordinates;
automatic determination of the maximum and average speed of SAM;
automatic detection of time required to reach milestones and goals;
scaling of electronic navigation maps on the display device;
automatic determination of the coordinates of an unknown point in distance and angle to the point;
operating modes: standalone, integrated, and satellite;
diagnostic capability of systems and components with the display on the display device parameters and fault codes SAM systems and components;
ability to develop and archiving of electronic text and graphic documents combat commander SAM. 

Figure 10 — The central unit of navigation and control products "GALS-D2M" (Photo NGOs PROGRESS)

Strapdown inertial navigation system (SINS) is designed to determine the parameters and the issuance of guidance and navigation with the use of satellite navigation systems GLONASS / GPS and odometer / Doppler distance sensor. SINS was built on light silicon accelerometers and fiber optic gyros. Technology has allowed NGOs PROGRESS, retaining the inherent traditional strapdown inertial navigation systems the highest level of reliability and noise immunity, a system with a unique combination of weight, cost, and accuracy characteristics.

The main parameters of SINS (included for reference):

During fast girokompasirovaniya and issue the measured angle of the course SINS no more than 5 minutes 50 seconds;
The correction of orientation angles from a known azimuth angle is not more than 10 seconds;
The maximum continuous operation of SINS is 48 hours;
Root mean square error of the roll angle and the issuance of not more than + -0,03 ° (+ -0,5 PDE);
Root mean square error of the pitch angle and the issuance of not more than + -0,03 ° (+ -0,5 PDE);
Root mean square error of the initial angle and issue rate determined by the method of accelerated girokompasirovaniya no more than ± 0,06 ° * sec (latitude) (+ -1 PDE * sec (latitude)) in the measuring range from 0 to 360 °;
Standard error of the angle retention rate in the "Navigation" no more than ± 0,06 ° (+ -1 PDE) for 1 hour;
Root mean square error of speed and delivery by the X, acceleration along the axis Y, Z axis acceleration up to + -0,003 g, where g = 9,8175 m/s2;
RMS error detection and issuing the angular velocity axis X, axis Y, axis Z max + -0,01 ° / s in a measuring range from 0 to 100 ° / sec;
Root mean square error of the current geographic coordinates (latitude and longitude) of the position of the object AAMS in the world geodetic coordinate system 1984 (WGS-84) in the navigation modes SNA / ANN not more than 15 m;
Root mean square error of the current altitude of the location relative to the AAMS sea level in the navigation modes SNA and SNA / ANN not more than 50 m;
Root mean square error of the relative increment of current geographical location coordinates air defense missile systems in the navigation SINS / odometer is not more than 0.15% of the distance traveled in one hour SINS.

Strapdown inertial navigation system (SINS) has several modes of operation:

"The initial inclusion";
"The lead compass";
"Accelerated girokompasirovanie";
"Correcting the orientation angles";
"Navigation".

Mode of operation of SINS "The initial inclusion" is made automatically. This mode is self-control and initialization SINS. Upon completion of the regime "starting over" BINS generates a sign of "good condition" and automatically switches to "Threaded compass"

Figure 11 — Strapdown inertial navigation system products "GALS-D2M-3 '(Photo NGOs PROGRESS)

In the operating mode "running compass" SINS is? T testimony pitch and roll angles, performs a slow reduction of the axis in the plane of the exchange rate of the current meridian produces reckoning coordinates relative to the previous stored power off the device or when a signal from a satellite positioning systems (GPS), GLONASS relatively last received coordinates.

In the "Fast girokompasirovanie" accelerating the initial measurement of angles roll, pitch and put course angle? Girokompasirovaniya m. To activate a command SINS should obtain from the operator (commander) or SAM automatically from the central unit of navigation and control (TSBUN) with built-in satellite navigation receiver (DPR) current location. In the "Fast girokompasirovanie" required to fulfill the conditions of the "fixed base". Upon completion of this regime BINS generates a sign of "preparedness" and automatically switches to "Quick Links".

In the "correction of orientation angles" are negotiated rate by a known angle of azimuth angle. To activate a command SINS should obtain from the operator (commander) or SAM automatically from the central unit of navigation and control (TSBUN) with built-in satellite navigation receiver (DPR) and the current position of the operator (the commander) known azimuth angle.

In the "correction angles of orientation" is required to satisfy the condition of the "fixed base". Upon completion of this regime BINS generates a sign of "preparedness" and automatically switches to "Quick Links". In the "Quick Links" precision output parameters has been estimated above.

BINS performs predetermined functions, and saves the values of the above parameters has no mechanical damage after exposure to shock single peak shock acceleration 882 m/s2 (90g) with the shock pulse duration of 5 to 10 ms.

BINS performs predetermined functions, and saves the values of the above parameters has no mechanical damages after repeated impact shock acceleration shock with a peak 196 m/s2 (20g) with the shock pulse duration of 1 to 5 ms and a frequency of 80 beats per minute.

Exchange of digital information between the SINS and the central control unit and navigating complex "GALS-D2M" on channel information exchange with at least 100 Hz.

Antenna SNA

The antenna of satellite navigation systems (SNS) is designed to receive signals from satellite navigation systems GLONASS and GPS.

Doppler velocity sensor

The Doppler velocity sensor is designed for contactless speed measurement with high accuracy SAM (0.3%) and determining the direction of movement. Doppler velocity sensor provides a serial interface data transfer in TSBUN the path, speed, acceleration SAM

The sensor is based on the reflection of electromagnetic waves from an object moving at a certain speed. The frequency of the reflected wave is proportional to the velocity of the object.

The sensor consists of a microwave transmitter, a receiver and a phase detector. Microwave radiation from a transmitter through a slot antenna directed to the ground. The reflected radiation is received by the receiving slot antenna. Since the receiving antenna signal is fed to the phase detector. In the phase detector is the detection of the phase shift of the emitted and received signal which is proportional to the velocity of SAM. The magnitude of this shift is determined by the speed of the object. The resulting information is delivered in TSBUN where complexed with the data obtained from satellite systems. Sensor weight not exceeding 800 g., The work carried out in the K-band at a power of about 30 mW.

Lightbar driver

Lightbar driver is intended to indicate the direction angle and display the rear view when reversing. Lightbar driver has an LCD display with a resolution of 800×480, a 7'' (178 mm), size not more than 198×123, 5×36 mm.

Figure 10 — The central unit of navigation and control products "GALS-D2M" (Photo NGOs PROGRESS)

Strapdown inertial navigation system (SINS) is designed to determine the parameters and the issuance of guidance and navigation with the use of satellite navigation systems GLONASS / GPS and odometer / Doppler distance sensor. SINS was built on light silicon accelerometers and fiber optic gyros. Technology has allowed NGOs PROGRESS, retaining the inherent traditional strapdown inertial navigation systems the highest level of reliability and noise immunity, a system with a unique combination of weight, cost, and accuracy characteristics.

The main parameters of SINS (included for reference):

During fast girokompasirovaniya and issue the measured angle of the course SINS no more than 5 minutes 50 seconds;
The correction of orientation angles from a known azimuth angle is not more than 10 seconds;
The maximum continuous operation of SINS is 48 hours;
Root mean square error of the roll angle and the issuance of not more than + -0,03 ° (+ -0,5 PDE);
Root mean square error of the pitch angle and the issuance of not more than + -0,03 ° (+ -0,5 PDE);
Root mean square error of the initial angle and issue rate determined by the method of accelerated girokompasirovaniya no more than ± 0,06 ° * sec (latitude) (+ -1 PDE * sec (latitude)) in the measuring range from 0 to 360 °;
Standard error of the angle retention rate in the "Navigation" no more than ± 0,06 ° (+ -1 PDE) for 1 hour;
Root mean square error of speed and delivery by the X, acceleration along the axis Y, Z axis acceleration up to + -0,003 g, where g = 9,8175 m/s2;
RMS error detection and issuing the angular velocity axis X, axis Y, axis Z max + -0,01 ° / s in a measuring range from 0 to 100 ° / sec;
Root mean square error of the current geographic coordinates (latitude and longitude) of the position of the object AAMS in the world geodetic coordinate system 1984 (WGS-84) in the navigation modes SNA / ANN not more than 15 m;
Root mean square error of the current altitude of the location relative to the AAMS sea level in the navigation modes SNA and SNA / ANN not more than 50 m;
Root mean square error of the relative increment of current geographical location coordinates air defense missile systems in the navigation SINS / odometer is not more than 0.15% of the distance traveled in one hour SINS.

Strapdown inertial navigation system (SINS) has several modes of operation:

"The initial inclusion";
"The lead compass";
"Accelerated girokompasirovanie";
"Correcting the orientation angles";
"Navigation".

Mode of operation of SINS "The initial inclusion" is made automatically. This mode is self-control and initialization SINS. Upon completion of the regime "starting over" BINS generates a sign of "good condition" and automatically switches to "Threaded compass"

Figure 11 — Strapdown inertial navigation system products "GALS-D2M-3 '(Photo NGOs PROGRESS)

In the operating mode "running compass" SINS is? T testimony pitch and roll angles, performs a slow reduction of the axis in the plane of the exchange rate of the current meridian produces reckoning coordinates relative to the previous stored power off the device or when a signal from a satellite positioning systems (GPS), GLONASS relatively last received coordinates.

In the "Fast girokompasirovanie" accelerating the initial measurement of angles roll, pitch and put course angle? Girokompasirovaniya m. To activate a command SINS should obtain from the operator (commander) or SAM automatically from the central unit of navigation and control (TSBUN) with built-in satellite navigation receiver (DPR) current location. In the "Fast girokompasirovanie" required to fulfill the conditions of the "fixed base". Upon completion of this regime BINS generates a sign of "preparedness" and automatically switches to "Quick Links".

In the "correction of orientation angles" are negotiated rate by a known angle of azimuth angle. To activate a command SINS should obtain from the operator (commander) or SAM automatically from the central unit of navigation and control (TSBUN) with built-in satellite navigation receiver (DPR) and the current position of the operator (the commander) known azimuth angle.

In the "correction angles of orientation" is required to satisfy the condition of the "fixed base". Upon completion of this regime BINS generates a sign of "preparedness" and automatically switches to "Quick Links". In the "Quick Links" precision output parameters has been estimated above.

BINS performs predetermined functions, and saves the values of the above parameters has no mechanical damage after exposure to shock single peak shock acceleration 882 m/s2 (90g) with the shock pulse duration of 5 to 10 ms.

BINS performs predetermined functions, and saves the values of the above parameters has no mechanical damages after repeated impact shock acceleration shock with a peak 196 m/s2 (20g) with the shock pulse duration of 1 to 5 ms and a frequency of 80 beats per minute.

Exchange of digital information between the SINS and the central control unit and navigating complex "GALS-D2M" on channel information exchange with at least 100 Hz.

Antenna SNA

The antenna of satellite navigation systems (SNS) is designed to receive signals from satellite navigation systems GLONASS and GPS.

Doppler velocity sensor

The Doppler velocity sensor is designed for contactless speed measurement with high accuracy SAM (0.3%) and determining the direction of movement. Doppler velocity sensor provides a serial interface data transfer in TSBUN the path, speed, acceleration SAM

The sensor is based on the reflection of electromagnetic waves from an object moving at a certain speed. The frequency of the reflected wave is proportional to the velocity of the object.

The sensor consists of a microwave transmitter, a receiver and a phase detector. Microwave radiation from a transmitter through a slot antenna directed to the ground. The reflected radiation is received by the receiving slot antenna. Since the receiving antenna signal is fed to the phase detector. In the phase detector is the detection of the phase shift of the emitted and received signal which is proportional to the velocity of SAM. The magnitude of this shift is determined by the speed of the object. The resulting information is delivered in TSBUN where complexed with the data obtained from satellite systems. Sensor weight not exceeding 800 g., The work carried out in the K-band at a power of about 30 mW.

Lightbar driver

Lightbar driver is intended to indicate the direction angle and display the rear view when reversing. Lightbar driver has an LCD display with a resolution of 800×480, a 7'' (178 mm), size not more than 198×123, 5×36 mm.

Figure 13 — lightbar driver products "GALS-D2M" (Photo NGOs PROGRESS)

Lightbar driver has the ability to automatically display the three-dimensional spatial position of the display: the orientation angles in three-dimensional space, the speed of rotation about three axes, velocity and acceleration of movement in three directions SAM.

Combat use of the product "GALS-D2M"

An important feature of SAM is a battle survivability, which is achieved by creating uncertainty for the location of the enemy in the defended object. Product GALS-D2M in one embodiment, has a built VHF radio mode (FH), which operates in the VHF radio (with data transfer rates up to 345 kbit / c) via TCP / IP, formed a mobile navigation hub (the product of the MRC-1M) .

Option to use the product GALS-D2M in the digital information and navigation system "GALS-H1" with MRC-1M is shown in Figure 14 [5].

 

Figure 14 — Option to use the product "GALS-D2M" in the digital information and navigation system "GALS-H1" [5]

When using the product, "GALS-D2M" in the digital information and navigation system "GALS-H1" [5], increased survivability and mobility in the area defended SAM object. The commanders of battalions, regiments, and the division commander will have information about the location of SAM on the march and when deployed to a combat position in real time.

In addition, the commander of the anti-aircraft missile regiment will be able to monitor the current location and movement of SAM divisions not only monitors installed in the AR, but also on the display device a mobile monitoring center (ICM-1) when driving in the area defended SAM object.

An important element is the combat readiness of the SAM system diagnostics systems and components of transport and launchers to the transfer of the main parameters on the display device command.

When equipped with a motor vehicle air defense system electronic control unit, it is possible to auto-diagnostic units and systems using products "GALS-D2M."

Figure 15 — Option to use the product "GALS-D2M" for the diagnosis of components and systems of vehicles SAM

Through the use of the product "GALS-D2M" standalone inertial navigation system, the nomination of SAM in the areas of combat task, the commander of the battalion will be possible to control the elements of the air defense system in the application of electronic jamming electronic warfare adversary.

Use of the product GALS-D2M on all elements of air defense missile systems will eliminate the use of topographical orientation "Tron-1" located on chassis URAL 43206-1730, which will lead to a reduction in the number of personnel and budgetary savings.

Thus, the use of onboard computer and navigation systems "GALS-D2M" provides conditions for modernization are in service with various modifications SAM S-300/C-400, increasing their survivability compared to global peers, which will considerably strengthen the defense potential of Russia.

Conclusion

In the assembly, "GALS-D2M" "NPO" Progress "represents an innovative approach to unified information architecture and navigation space for weapons and military equipment of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation.

On-board computer and navigation system "GALS-D2M" has high reliability and high performance characteristics are not inferior to global peers inertial navigation systems for mobile combat systems. Comparative characteristics of inertial navigation system SINS-4 (GALS-D2M-4) with foreign and domestic counterparts, are shown in Table 3 number.

Table number three.

 

Symbols table number 3: VOG — fiber optic gyroscope; RLG — ring laser gyroscope; DNG — dynamically configurable gyroscope, MSE — mean square error.

Product "GALS-D2M" has the ability to work under jamming, has a small production period (up to 7 months), and a competitive price, a significant export potential.

At present, the main potential consumers of the "RPA" PROGRESS "articles" GALS-D2M "are enterprises of the military-industrial complex.

The main parameters used BINS in different versions, "GALS-D2M-1", "GALS-D2M-2", "GALS-D2M-3" and "GALS-D2M-4" number given in Table 4.

 Table number 4

 

On the basis of the item "GALS-D2M" is possible not only to upgrade existing weapons and military equipment, but also the creation of breakthrough (innovation), combat systems and complexes.

Sources:

User equipment —http://www.navis.ru/catalog_11_155.html 
Topographical privyazchik —http://www.meteogmp.ru/voenprodukt.php 
On-board computer and navigation system (product "GALS-D2M) —http://www.mriprogress.ru/_files/G3.pdf 
Automated navigation and telecommunication system for high-precision positioning —http://www.mriprogress.ru/_files/G11.pdf 
Digital information and navigation system tactical level (the index "GALS-H1") —http://www.mriprogress.ru/_files/G1.pdf 

Rights in this material belong to "NGOs" PROGRESS "(Russia, Moscow)

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