May 24, 2012 23:05
In the east of Moscow in the old Lefort has Vvedenskoe cemetery. Used to be called the German, as it was originally buried the inhabitants of German settlement. In general, it has become the last refuge for people not primarily the Orthodox faith — Catholics, Lutherans. Obviously, this place has become over time, their mythology.
The first burial in Lefortovo began to appear as early as 1771, when the area came to a plague epidemic. The name for the cemetery was given Vvedensky mountains, still referred Lefortovo hill, located on the left bank of the Yauza hill.
In the XIX century Vvedensky were buried associate of Peter I: General-Admiral Patrick Gordon and Admiral Franz Lefort, in whose honor was named after the area of Moscow.
On the remains of Vvedensky many famous and prominent people. Among them Theodore von Einem, who founded the factory "Red October", the composer AF Goedicke, Chef Olivier, gave its name to the eponymous salad, publisher Sytin writers Leonid Grossman, Michael Prishvin Irakli Andronicus, artists Apollinaris and Victor Vasnetsov, the grandson and son of Leo Tolstoy, Archimandrite Zosima, actress Alla Tarasova, Tatyana and Mary Peltzer Maksakova.
One of the most famous local "inhabitants" is Theodore P. Haas. At the time, he was the chief physician of Moscow prisons. The people called it the "holy doctor." It is credited with authorship of the famous phrase: "Hasten to do good." Among his patients was a lot of poor people, with whom he never took the money, on the contrary, he often helped them, I could.
Haas made a lot of good to the exiles and prisoners. For example, it replaced the heavy shackles on dvadtsatifuntovye impossibly lightweight, who later called — "gaazovskie." On his initiative was aborted by stringing prisoners on the rod at all times, on stage. The above-mentioned chains and now hangs at the side of his grave.
It is said that by the end of his life Haas spent all his wealth to help the needy. He died in poverty and was buried at the public expense. But say goodbye to the "holy doctor" came more than twenty thousand people. A monument on his grave raised by his patients — Moscow inmates.
Although at first glance it may seem paradoxical, the cemetery is a monument Vvedensky French, who died in Moscow in 1812. In place of the common grave of the nameless soldiers of Napoleon's army is four-sided arrow, crowned by a cross. It is engraved on the front of the Legion of Honor, and placed two plaques. The top one contains: «Militaires francais mort en 1812?, And bottom — the date when the monument was erected — 1889. Around the building there is fencing from gun barrels, which are connected by a chain.
Nearby is a monument to the pilots of the French regiment "Normandy-Neman" who fought in the Second World War against Nazi Germany. Up to 1953 there were and the remains of pilots, but then moved to their homeland. But a memorial preserved, and officially the location of these two sites is French territory. Yes Vvedensky cemetery and the common grave of German soldiers killed in the First World.
For a long time the existence of a cemetery appeared Vvedensky and its mythology. For example, the Olympic champion Valery Popenchenko who tragically died after falling from a ladder in the Bauman College, was buried in a tomb that had been dug for the writer Vasily Shukshin. Shukshin at the last minute decided to bury the Novodevichy cemetery, that's handy his grave when killed Popenchenko.
There are stories and more mystical. Many argue that spring evening by Vvedensky cemetery heard a melody played on a flute. And if the rain on the street, the flute sounds until dawn. And echoes with the sound of the iron shackles of the grave Theodore Haas.