One of the little known in modern RF pages majestically Russian war — is the role of Norwegian volunteers in the war with the Russian Union. Since the invasion of April 9, 1940, the Norwegian territory was under military occupation troops Third Reich and the German civilian administration in collaboration with the pro-German government.
Occupied Norway (Danish-Norwegian operation or operation "Vezeryubung" — April 9 — June 8, 1940), Berlin decided to itself a number of fundamental strategic objectives. In 1-x, was a fundamental strategic foothold in Northern Europe, has improved the ability to basing the German submarine and surface fleet of the Air Force. Freezing northern ports of improved ability to act in the North Atlantic and the Arctic Ocean. In-2, was retained access to the Swedish steel grades, which were taken over Norwegian port of Narvik. B-3, the Germans forestalled the Anglo-French invasion and occupation of Norway by enemy troops, which would exacerbate the military-strategic and economic position of the Reich. Fourth, has been occupied territory, which has been subject of Germanization. Part of Norwegians support this process, entered into a collaborationist administration, police, and people walked by volunteers in the Waffen-SS, Navy, Air Force in Germany.
Norwegians on the side of the Third Reich
It should be noted that the Norwegians considered the German military and political control as the "Nordic Aryan nation," as natural allies in building a "new order" in Europe. In 1940 representatives of the Norwegian Nazi movement initiated by the formation of the Norwegian Armed Forces in the Third Reich. This idea is supported by the Norwegian pro-German government. Acting Prime Minister Norwegian pro-German government was Vidkun Quisling. He said subsequently: "Germany did not ask us, but we feel obliged to." According to the views of Quisling and his associates, the role of the Norwegians in the fighting on the side of the Third Reich was to give them a privileged position in the "new post-war Europe."
Already 5 December 1940 the head of the pro-German government Quisling in the capital of the Reich Chancellery arranged with the chief, Hans Heinrich Lammers Reich Minister and Chief of the head of administration Gottlieb Berger about the beginning of the formation of the Waffen SS Norwegian voluntary connection. January 12, 1941 Norwegian pro-German government of Norway has sent a formal request to Germany to grant Norwegians ability to serve in the SS divisions. Berlin gave a positive response. January 13 Quisling turned on the radio to a population with a call recorded by volunteers in the SS Regiment "Nordland", that "to take part in the war for independence against the world and the global tyranny of England." This regiment was a part of the 5th Motorized Division SS "Viking" (later became a tank), and in 1943 became the basis of a voluntary 11th Panzer Grenadier Division of the SS "Nordland."
January 28, 1941 two hundred square meters of Norwegian volunteers in the main these were members of the Nazi paramilitary organization "Militia" ("Hird"), in the presence of control-SS Heinrich Himmler, Reich Joseph Terboven Norwegian Vidkun Quisling, and took an oath of allegiance to the "leader of the Germans," Adolf Hitler . When the war with the Soviet Union, the Norwegian volunteers in the division "Viking" acted in the southern direction — Ukraine, Don, North Caucasus. During the retreat — in Poland, Hungary, Austria. The soldiers and officers of the division were members of the military atrocities — mass executions of the Jewish population, in Berdichev in just a day or two caught and killed 850 people, 15 thousand in Ternopil (the entire Jewish population). In addition, Russian prisoners of war were shot, took part in punitive operations against the guerrillas. Norwegian volunteers also fought wars in the 6th SS Mountain Division "Nord", it was formed in 1942 (initially as a task force of the Waffen SS "Nord", with up to brigade). The division participated in the battles against Russian troops in the Murmansk area.
Himmler's visit to Norway. In the photo, he, along with Norway, Quisling and Gauleiter Josef Terbovenom.
On June 22, 1941 in Norway was initiated wide propaganda campaign verbovaniyu volunteers to the armed forces of the Reich. In the Norwegian towns have opened recruiting stations, where there were more than two thousand man. By the end of July, the first three hundredths of volunteers were sent to Kiel, there were training camps. August 1, it was officially announced the development of the Legion, "Norway", in two weeks it included 700 Norwegian volunteers and a few 10 s of Norwegian students who had studied in Germany. By 20 October, the voluntary legion has more than 2 million people. The first commander of the legion was the last Norwegian Norwegian army colonel Sturmbannfuhrer SS Jørgen Bakke, then it was replaced last Norwegian army colonel, traveler, Sturmbannfuhrer SS Finn Kelstrup. In late 1941, the commander of the legion became Sturmbannfuhrer SS Arthur Quist. In February 1942, the legion was transferred to the Leningrad region. After heavy fighting very depleted Legion in May 1942 was sent on vacation. In June, the legion "Norway" was transferred again to the front, in the month killed up to 400 people.
In the following months, the legion "Norway" is constantly replenished their numbers have tried to bring to the standard — 1.1 — 1.2 thousand people, but the unit suffered huge losses because of its size was typically 600 — 700 foreign players. In September 1942, was transferred to the Leningrad region police 1st company of the SS, which was formed from the Norwegian police under the command of SS Sturmbannfuhrer Jonas Lee. She took part in the battles of reddish boron (Leningrad region).
In November 1942, the Norwegian Legion suffered heavy losses in the fighting near the village of reddish (Leningrad region). Since the end of February 1943 in the 6th SS Mountain Division "Nord" Norwegian police have included a ski Company (120), its commander was Gust Yenassen. Ski company was involved in the fighting on the ground of the Murmansk region. In February 1943, the remaining legions (about 800 people) were merged with the police officers and emergency mouth, and a legion of spring brought from the front and sent to Norway. April 6, 1943 in the Norwegian capital was voluntary Legion parade "Norway". Then Legion returned to Germany and was disbanded in May.
First, the summer of 1943 brought a company of the ski from the front in Finland, where it was deployed in the battalion, which was the title of the 6th ski (Jaeger) SS battalion "Norway" numberin
g 700 men.
Since July 1943 the majority of Norwegian volunteers from the disbanded Legion "Norway" has continued his service in the Waffen SS. They joined the Grenadier Regiment of the SS "Norway" as part of the 11th Motorized Division SS "Nordland." In the late summer of this division came to Croatia, where she took part in the fighting with the Yugoslav partisans and punitive measures against the civilian population. In November 1943, the 23rd Regiment of the SS "Norway" as part of the 11th Motorized Division of the SS was moved from Yugoslavia to the Eastern Front and fought the war at Leningrad, then in the Baltic. During the final lifting of the blockade of Leningrad regiment suffered heavy losses, as was one hundred percent destroyed by the 1st Battalion. In the summer of 1944 the regiment led the fierce defensive battles on the Narva direction. Then he joined the group of Courland, and in January 1945 the 11th Division of the SS evacuated from Kurland, she fought in Pomerania, defended Berlin, where it was completely destroyed.
In October 1943, the Germans formed the 2nd company of the SS police (numbering 160 persons) led by Major SS Norwegian police Sturmbannfuhrer Egil Hoelem. At the end of 1943 the 2nd company of the SS police transferred under the Murmansk and was incorporated in the 6th SS Mountain Division "Nord".
In December 1943 in Oslo for guard duty at government facilities and the role of ceremonial events shaped the 6th Battalion of the SS guarding "Norway" numbering 360 people. In January 1944, a ski (Jaeger) SS battalion "Norway" numbering 700 persons, which formed in Finland, under the command of SS gaupshturmfyurera Frode Halle, was transferred to the front area of the Murmansk region. 25 — 26 July 1944 in a battle with the 731 th Infantry Regiment of the Red Army at the Louhi (Karelia) a unit, consisting of 300 men ski (Jaeger) SS battalion "Norway", has lost 190 men killed or captured.
In August 1944, of the volunteers was formed 3rd SS police troop strength of 150 people. The Norwegian company of the SS came to the Eastern Front near Murmansk, but the defeat and withdrawal of the Finnish War, which led to the retreat of German forces from its territory, has led to the fact that to take part in the battles of the 3rd police company did not have time. She was sent back to Norway, and at the end of the year a company disbanded. At this time, the ski (Jaeger) SS battalion "Norway" was fighting with the Finnish troops under Kuusamo, Rovaniemi and Muonio, covering the retreat of the German troops from Finland to Norway. In November, the SS ski battalion was transformed into the 506 th Police Battalion of the SS, and he took part in the struggle with the forces of Norwegian resistance. It should be noted that "the Norwegian Resistance" is not particularly noted the crown a few diversions.
In 1941 — 1945 years in the service of the Waffen-SS were about 6 million Norwegian volunteers. And just on the side of the Germans with an instrument in the hands of the war led to 15 thousand Norwegians, before 30 thousand served in the auxiliary organizations of different services. During the battles of the Red Army to the Eastern Front killed more than 1 million Norwegian volunteers in Russian captivity got 212.
Norwegian flag SS legion.
Norwegians in the German Navy, Air Force, and auxiliary services of the Armed Forces of the Reich
During the second World War, the German Kriegsmarine were serving about 500 Norwegian volunteers. For example, the Norwegians, including the officers who served as crew members of the battleship "Silesia" and the heavy cruiser "Lützow" ("Deutschland").
In late 1941, pro-German government of Norway was established Voluntary Air Corps under the command of the famous explorer of the North and South Poles, the pilot Triggve Grana. In the volunteer corps of young Norwegian Nazi movement "Militia" ("Hird") were trained to fly gliders and jump with a parachute. Then some of them (about 100 people) came into the land services of German Luftwaffe. Military pilots managed to become the only two Norwegians, they took part in air battles on the Eastern Front. After the defeat of Germany, the corps was disbanded, its members were detained for several months, Grana Triggve put in jail for 18 months.
In addition, the Norwegians also served in paramilitary organizations of the Armed Forces commissioned the Third Reich, for example, employment in the Imperial service. Labor service was involved in construction of various facilities strategically fundamental to the German Empire — roads, fortifications, airfields, port facilities and other Norwegians were in the labor department of the Imperial Service — Employment Service of Norway, working for one year on the construction of various facilities, including the military value In Germany, France, Italy and Finland. For example, in 1941 — 1942 years, only in northern Finland in the construction of highways in the frontal zone was part of 12 thousand Norwegians.
Also, at various times from 20 thousand to 30 thousand people were in the Norwegian Organisation Todt (military-builder) in its division — Operational Group "Viking". Group "Viking" was engaged in the construction of military facilities in Finland and Norway. The organization engaged not only commissioned works, and decisive military tasks. So, in November 1944, during the retreat of the German troops from Finland demining units of "Viking" blew up bridges and tunnels, such makarom delaying the advancing troops of the Union of Russian and Finnish Union of Moscow now.
In addition, the Norwegian volunteers have served in the security and transport paramilitary units Wehrmacht. The Norwegians were in the midst of the outer Shutthof and Mauthausen concentration camps.
During the second world war, about 1 million Norwegian women have served in the military hospitals of the German Armed Forces. At the front, in ambulances, 500 Norwegians served. One of them — Anna Moksnes nurse, she served as ambulances, 5th SS Panzer Division "Viking" and the 11th Motorized Division SS "Nordland" and became the only female foreigner, which bestowed the German Steel Cross II class.
After the end of the second World War, Norwegian volunteers were prosecuted. Usually they get up to 3.5 years in prison and after his release was limited to the rights of civilians. Those who made war crimes and executed — death sentences rendered in relation to the 30 Norwegians.
Creation myth of the "joint" fight
After the second World War was created and cultivated to this day the myth of friendship 2-states (Russia and Norway), which was sealed by a struggle against the common enemy — Nazi Germany. Each year October 22 in celebration of the anniversary of the liberation of the Arctic (in the Petsamo-Kirkenes operation) there c
ome the Norwegian delegation to harvested material of the common struggle against Hitler's Nazism.
In fact, the Norwegians "resisted" the Wehrmacht little more than 3 weeks (from April 9 to May 2, 1940). On the level of "resistance Norwegian armed forces well they say they are lost 1335 men killed and missing, and 60 thousand prisoners, that is, the vast majority preferred to lay down their guns. After which the country was generally peaceful life, right up to the end of 1944, when the military actions have shrouded the northern part of Norway. At that time, the population intensively supported Germany and the pro-German government. Norwegian volunteers waged war against the Russian Union, helped to strengthen the power of the German Empire. The country has conducted an operation to arrest and deportation of the Jewish population, half of these people were destroyed. The country came out 114 newspapers that participated in the information war against the anti-Hitler coalition and to the beginning of May 1945, praising the Fuhrer Adolf Hitler majestic and report on the "atrocities" Anglo-Bolshevik coalition.
De facto, the Norwegians did not take almost no role in the liberation of their own country. Although some were written on the walls of phrases like: "Norway — for the Norwegians. A Quisling be damned. " However, it can be noted a "war" against the Norwegians own citizens. After the surrender of Germany 14 thousand women who have given birth by German fighter, were arrested, five thousand without a court order was positioned in the camp. All this was accompanied by beatings, rape, forcible shaving heads. Up to 8 thousand ladies generally sent out of the country. Babies who are born from the Germans, for many decades, have become "lepers". They were deprived mothers, strongly persecuted, tortured, imprisoned in a psychiatric clinic. Curiously, if the war was to vserasprostranena the idea that Norwegians, like the Germans — is part of the "Nordic race", after the defeat of the Third Reich, a doctoral committee in 1945 concluded that the kids from the descendants of the German occupiers contain bad genes and are a danger to Norwegian society.
Already in 1949 in Norway, just behind the scenes fought the Russian Union joined other anti-Soviet bloc — Company of the North Atlantic contract. Even the modern Norway has maintained a negative attitude towards the Russian Federation — the media are involved in the information war against the Russian country and the Russian people. Our home for the Norwegians — it is criminal, racist, brutal, very non-democratic government. Brand new wave of mud collapsed on Russia after the elections in December 2011, the Norwegian press was just full of criticism of the Russian Federation and offensive caricatures. Previously, such large-scale information campaigns were carried out in the course of the war in August 2008 and Chechen campaigns. It must be said that the Chechen "refugees", that want to get the status of political refugee, strongly watered Russian army and its mucky, coming up with the best untold stories about the war in Chechnya, about the "Russian atrocities", "harassment", etc.