November 23, 2012 5:35
In this monumental construction was classified by many names: "Object 221", "Object Nora", "Alsou", "Teal", "height 495".
But the military, which meant superzaschischennye underground labyrinths, most liked the old name of the mountain on which (or rather, where) raises "Object 221" — Nishan-Kai, which translates to the target language as the Iranian-mountain.
A three-level "reserve"
Black soldiers' humor is understandable. "Target" — a perfect name for an emergency command post Soviet Black Sea Fleet, in parallel can serve as a refuge for fellow members of sufficiently high rank, which happens to rest in the "hour X" on the Crimean beaches.
And the companions of lower rank in the event of a nuclear war could easily accommodate the "Object 221", if managed to get to him, — sailors would make the room.
Indeed, the total length of the tunnels that are protected by the upper class of nuclear attack — more than ten kilometers. The total area of the underground facilities, according to various sources — from 13.5 to 17.5 thousand square meters. But — tell all about it.
In 1977, the special battalion sailors Engineers (marine construction battalion) in close contact with selected, ideologically savvy workers' Donetskshahtprohodki "and" Harkovmetrostroya "(of 400) on the personal orders of the then Navy Commander SG Gorshkov started building near the village … Morozovka gravel plant.
Of course, welded steel construction plant and grew up only a blind stubborn spyware. In fact, under the guise of peaceful construction, Nishan-Kaya mountain, at the foot of which allegedly were going to extract gravel, slowly but surely, drilled miners metrostroevtsy.
Was a lot of work. First cut through solid rock. Then out of sheet metal welded cubic containers that were filled with rebar diameter two inches, then poured spetsbetonom.
Then the resulting "cubes" brewed another top steel sheet and is collected from this designer interior. "Cubes" is also welded together, the joints were tested for leaks x-ray machine.
Under the project, the total height of the "ceiling" vnutriskalnyh premises is 180 meters. Mount vertically penetrate through two shafts with a diameter of 4.5 meters each — for ventilation and output cables to the antennas.
Command post itself has three levels (plus zero — "basement cellar"), connected by a long gallery, which is easy truck to drive through.
Not far from the "height 495" four-story hotel located for workers, later, under the action of the elements and looters have become very unstable concrete frame.
Now there are going to organize a rehabilitation center for alcoholics and drug addicts. And at the foot of the mountain is a nondescript two-story concrete barracks. The windows are dark, one entrance and one entrance. Only close you can see that the barracks — pure lime with painted on a flat concrete panel windows. In fact, this is the entrance (entry) in the reserve command post. Such portals on the mountain two — East and West.
And inside — silence
If you log in, the first thing that strikes you — is the scale of the structure. Temple of the third world, or do not call. Huge tunnel goes deep into the rock, there is a silence that lays the ears (if, of course, next to no make movies and do not roam the neighborhood "stalkers" and plunderers of the metal). The air is clean and cool, light draft. We must look carefully at his feet. On the floor of the drainage remained meter hole — metal bars that covered them, long cut for scrap. Aside depart blind tunnels — to absorb the blast. In many places on the floor standing water.
Soon, the tunnel will take you to the "A" block, divided into many rooms, rooms and small rooms. The diagram shows that the command center is divided into two sections ("A" and "B") and four levels, from the bottom up communication, command and management, residential and hardware.
The three levels are connected to the surface by vertical shafts. Somewhat apart is a well, where he was to be a nuclear reactor to power the whole of the building.
Inexhaustible source of metal
Object "Alsou" built 15 years, but was not completed. The result was even an incident. In 1991, Ukraine became independent, but because the money from the Russian budget in place were already established, the construction lasted until 1992. Then, the command post was mothballed. New authorities planned to organize production in bottling mineral water, winery, something else, but the fastest bearings locals. In the first year the facility was evacuated all non-ferrous metals. Ends protruding from the walls of copper just tied to a tractor and dragged as extended. Cutting black metal is accelerated pace all 20 years of construction and continues to this day.
Guys with gas cylinders and burners on cars entering directly into and through the night dismantled monument to the failed nuclear war.
Soon from Target-Mount nothing left. Maybe it's for the best.