April 16, 2012 7:41
Two hundred and ninety years ago, was discovered Easter Island. Europeans landed on it the first day of Passover week, hence the name. This — the most remote from inhabited land plot of land — to the nearest mainland — almost four thousand kilometers. But not only that attracts researchers: from the opening, and still keeps the island's secrets. Tried to guess their correspondents "more" by visiting the mysterious Easter Island.
These mysterious statues Dutch explorers saw on Easter Sunday one thousand seven hundred and twenty-two. So on the charts came to Easter Island.
Small but very militant, islanders called their homeland Rapa Nui. Until now, the end is not clear how a small island on which to the nearest inhabited land thousands of miles away, people could settle. And the natives, not knowing what the iron wheel, managed to establish a "moai" — colossal statues weighing up to one hundred sixty tons.
Almost all the pieces on the island depict real people, usually men. But here's the strange hat, "farts", symbolizes the feminine. And why the woman on the head of a man, is unclear.
The more the world learned about the "moai," the more questions arise. At the time of arrival of the Europeans were about a thousand statues, about one for every native. Stern faces giants directed inland, like "moai" watch its inhabitants.
Each stone giant has a name. This, for example, is called "Hinariro."
Ethnographer Evelyn Hooks believes that "moai" are images of chiefs and priests.
Evelyn Hooks, ethnographer:
Cutters and chisels made of tuki. So we call the basalt, the hardest stone on the island. Ancestors took a chisel, like this, and his hands were cutting disc. Of this rock. They had two types of tools, and both — of basalt.
Sculptor Yoni Tookie sure that revealed the secret of making statues.
Yoni Tukey, sculptor:
They started with the head. Defines the center of the monument, and then the two groups treated with the rock masons both sides simultaneously. In each group, had no less than ten employees.
But they dragged monoliths? Here, near the crater of an extinct volcano Rano Raraku, was sculptural workshop. Work in it did not stop for five hundred years. Part of the mountain carefully cut like a knife. Hard to believe that it is made of stone chisels. Even more difficult — to understand how stotonnye "moai" delivered by hand to the ocean shore.
How did the natives, still remains a mystery, but not for the local people. From generation to generation, they sing songs to their children about how stone giants walked the island.
In ancient songs encoded one of the greatest mysteries in history. Instead clues — only version.
Evelyn Hooks, ethnographer:
In the song that "moai" walked to the platform. For me, this means that the "moai" to move in a vertical position. So, how do we, for example, move a heavy refrigerator and has exceeded it from side to side. Ancestors could use small stones. I think they poured a sculpture so that the giants can be rotated around the axis, and even with the least effort, roll forward.
When the island was declared a Chilean territory, the people of Rapa Nui consisted of only one hundred and eleven. From extinction Aboriginal elders saved perseverance. To save the language and traditions, they bring their children to an extinct volcano, and physically forced to learn the ancient songs and repeat by heart the names of all the "moai". Policy of forced "rapanuizatsii" came to fruition. Half of the islanders speak their native language.
Favorite sport: puzzling, literally, slalom and rafting local triathlon. In ancient times, the winners of these competitions can choose a girl, and the losers — become dinner for the audience. But this part of the tradition in the past. My favorite kind of art: painting on the body. Especially if it is the guest's body. Each character has its own meaning of body art.
On the back, "Mac-Mac", the main deity of the Maori, on the left shoulder male symbol on the right woman, there is a spear, Kakauh Rapanui language, and when the pattern is applied to the body, it must be said Veru-te kakauh!, Which means "Be afraid of my spear! "
But the most important legacy of the ancestors was lost. Each house kept Rapanui Kohala rongorongo, plates with mysterious hieroglyphics. Some signs depict animals, unknown on the island. In the mid-nineteenth century, almost all of them have disappeared. And the survivors — were outside the island. Scientists have no doubt: this ancient writings. Decipher them as yet.
At first glance, the interior of the hut is shocking. The bones of humans and animals, ancient Aboriginal artifacts. Piruhuki Atoui called the guardian of the island. That such ropes of human hair, she said, were entwined rongorongo.
Piruhuki Atoui — collector of antiquities:
The last sign we gave the French priest, bishop Zhossenu — in storage. Here it has not returned. With it removed the hair strands. But this protection. Without it rongorongo just a piece of wood. And a letter — never speak.
Maybe she knows the secret of reading rongorongo, but hides it. Characters is not only on the tree.
As a sign of respect for the animals that are used in food, we painted their skulls rongorongo like this. The same is done with the skulls of ancestors. At home I have three.
However, we have them, she never showed. Can not be said, to see other people's skulls, particularly the "gringos" white. However, there is a mystery to which Piruhuki noticed only after contact with the Ukrainians. Rapa Nui Warriors wore a mustache and shave their heads, leaving a long tail at the back. They danced squatting, often jumping like in GOPAC. The symbol of the leader, as the Scythians, was pectoral. And the old songs sound as melodious as the ones that sing the Dnieper. A coincidence, or is another mystery which are unlikely to come unraveled.
Andrew Tsaplienko Vadim Howler, Easter Island — "Details of the week", the TV channel "Inter".