November 7, 2011 1:18
Recently, scientists have come to a sensational conclusion: it appears that the plant is not unfeeling, as previously thought.
At first glance, it seems unlikely that the blade of grass, bushes, trees so experienced emotions inherent in man.
However it is.
Fans of indoor plants have long noticed that their pets are not indifferent to those who live with them.
For example, Violet begins to "mope" if I love her mistress a long time leaving, although it is just as carefully looks the other family member. My favorite geranium could "offend" and stop to smell, if not will flow first. Moreover, this plant is not like when the room in which it stands, cursing and fighting.
In such cases, geranium starts to actively produce a substance that has a calming effect on the nervous system, and the conflicting reigning world. Therefore, before the revolution, the flower held in almost every house.
But in the case of indifference or neglect on the part of the host many indoor plants and flowers pay him hostility, releasing volatile chemicals that are harmful to health.
For example, they can easily deprive sleep at night when you have settled down in a room with them, and forgot to water.
An interesting story about the reaction of the plants on attitude man told my friend. At his cottage, growing big lilac bush, under which the family has breakfast, lunch and dinner. Weekend visits to the country mother-in-law. When it comes to the table, be sure to start grumbling that one of lilac dampness, so the bush must be removed. So, in the evening on Sunday, even at normal weather leaves lilacs made a faded, as in extreme heat, and starts at Tiffany severe headache.
General chemicals are widely used by our green Friars Minor to express their emotions.
Specialist in Plant Biochemistry Associate Dean Balyasova, spent many years studying the interaction between plants and humans, explains this typical case involving jealousy. In the room with the English physiologist S.Meysona many years standing ficus. In a fairly mature age scientist married, and became the third wife of "tenant" in the room. Soon she began to experience various ailments, which previously have not had. When the poor woman got pregnant, she started strong toxicosis, to cope with which the doctors could not.
Fortunately, my husband a vague guess that's all my fault "jealousy" of ficus, and he moved it to a home greenhouse. Illness of his wife quickly subsided, and she gave birth to a healthy baby. Thus was established the fact of jealousy plant: he did not like to share the love with the migrant host object, and it began to synthesize and release the air of the room chemicals, harmful force at the woman, but for the most innocuous Mason.
By the way, have been cases where some species of cacti avenged hozyaevammuzhchinam for bad attitude towards him: bought, delivered and paid no attention to the good water is not necessary, even calling them "freaks prickly." Then cacti start to allocate alkaloid compounds that cause the need to drink, and the man became an alcoholic.
There are absolutely incredible cases where cacti "angered" by resorting to the "physical measures of influence" on the person to harm them. Here is what this peterburzhka A. Alexandrov: "I had a prickly pear cactus, for which I was well looked after, do not skimp on the kind words and compliments, and he responded beautifully bloomed. But gradually, as the cactus grown in all directions, which began to replace my other plants. Well just kukushonok in the nest! I decided to give it a kind of cultural and cut off all side branches.
The next day went to the window, and suddenly my hand dug a spike. Hardly a thorn removed from his hand with a hook. The next day the same thing happened: the prickly pear shot me at a distance of half a meter! Here I am not a little frightened, and soon carried the plant as a gift to the library. That's not forgiven me prickly resentment, replacing hate with love. "
However, in the home between plants and humans can occur and the positive feedback: it is able to "love" him. In the East, it is believed that this flowers and plants to plant and grow the most, treating them with love and like children. Then, becoming "adults", they will take care of the health of the host.
Enough at least an hour to sit near them, and be free from anxiety, depression and even dark thoughts. Instead, he has a sense of calm, peace, elation.
Musical tastes Emotions plants, although they have no hearing, manifested in how they react to the music, one they like, the other is not. In the middle of the last century, this message repeatedly appeared in the press. Thus, the English grower Tom Cooper, a great lover of classical music, enjoyed it, putting the player in a garden next to the rose bush. And as a token of gratitude for the pleasure bush gave him not five to seven roses, as usual, a huge bunch of 65 buds.
One of the first serious study of the effect of music on plants engaged T.S.N.Sinh Indian scientist.
During the experiments, he found that many of the biochemical processes in them, for example, the absorption of carbon dioxide and photosynthesis, influenced by the music accelerates almost doubled. It was found that green audiophiles very choosy in their preferences. They responded positively to an increase in the green mass on the organ works of Bach and Indian raga melodies. Their stems are positively drawn to the sound source.
But in the hard rock drum rhythms and continuous decrease in the size of the plants meet the leaves and roots, but also grew up, leaning away from the loudspeaker to play music for several hours a day. In addition, it was found that plants that play rock music, in the first week of musical influence consumed more water than usual, as if trying to "recover" after too much for these concerts. Their reaction to the jazz music was different.
Record in the performance of the world-famous stars of Louis Armstrong and Duke Ellington, in particular, his song "Call of the soul", caused by the green stems audiophiles slope of 15-20 degrees in the direction of the sound source, and their height was greater than the "neozvuchennyh." Music is avant Berg, Webern, Fabermana did not cause them any emotions: their height and general appearance did not differ from controls.
Interesting results were obtained by Canadian researcher and P.Vaynberger M.Mezyures. As the "subjects" were taken corn, pumpkin and oats, and to listen, they were offered a musical instrument, like a flute. Executed on her classics obviously liked plants. Their height, wet and dry weight has doubled, and the number of kidneys — even in three, compared with the control group. But they responded by singing less, only fifty percent increased the number of buds.
The most important contribution to the definition of musical tastes of plants introduced American researcher D.Karlson.
And he was interested in not only scientific, but also the practical side of the problem.
Specifically, what kind of music can stimulate the flowers and vegetables that are grown in home gardens farmers. For its selection, he invited a professional musicologist M.Holttsa. He suggested the use of the music of the famous Italian composer Antonio Vivaldi's "Four Seasons", in particular the part that is called the "Spring", as well as Bach's violin sonata of the same name, and several other similar sounding music.
The choice was a success: the plants sharply stepped up its growth and development. In addition, they are "happy" listening to recordings of singing and chirping birds, which intuitively suggested musicologist.
Being a practical man, Carlson patented his method of "Sounding Flower" and set up a small company, which for $ 50 sent to all wishing to tape recordings of the music for the plants and a bottle with a special solution for feeding.
But the secret of the "love" of plants for the music is still not disclosed. The intensity of the energy impact of sound waves in the normal playing of recorded music is very small. In this case, it may be that they "deliberately" perceive music, in his own "vegetable enjoying" it? After all, without hearing, green audiophiles somehow still "hear", and even "enjoy" the music! What screams cucumber? However, the emotional connection with the plant world of sound does not stop. Although they do not have the body that can generate audible sound waves, they are still "scream" when it hurts. Demonstrated by studies conducted by scientists from the Institute of Applied Physics of the University of Bonn under Professor Frank Kenemanna. In times of stress or discomfort plants emit ethylene gas. Its concentration is directly proportional to the negative impact that they are being.
The researchers designed a special laser device that allows transfer of the gas emitted into audible signals and thus to judge the state of their "health."
During the experiments, scientists have "heard" a lot of plants. The reaction was similar at all. According to the head of the experiment Ralph Gaebler, loud "moans" gooseberry bush, when he eats the leaves of powdery mildew. And Orchid, which tore a leaf, at this point, "literally screamed in pain." Particularly surprised the researchers conduct cucumber. By visual inspection of the vegetable was in excellent condition. However, the laser microphone found that at the time he was "screaming" in pain. When he examined under a microscope, they found the first signs of mildew, which are not yet visible to the naked eye.
But that's not all. Kenemann professor believes that the plants do not just talk about their illness and suffering, the patients sitting in the waiting room at the doctor. "Moans" and "Scream" are signals of "anxiety."
They warn about the dangers of other plants, and — just amazing! — Encourage them to take action to defend.
Since the residents' green kingdom "is not of the nervous system and the relevant cells, which receive electrical impulses, they communicate through chemical signals, in particular the gas molecules of ethylene. This alarm causes a specific reaction in the recipient. For example, when the grown-start mowing the grass, her "screams" of pain as a call for young grass: grow faster and produce more toxins …! The same command given acacia leaves when they terminate giraffes.
Obviously, this tree is very rapidly produces toxins because giraffes never completely devour one acacia, and pass to the next.
The brain in the spine for many years the scientific world does not take seriously people's experience with plants. The argument was the same: they do not have nervous system and psyche, therefore, no emotion they feel they can not. However, a recent University of Edinburgh Academy Truevas Tony made a sensational statement excited the scientific world: plants have a rudimentary mind! Based on its recent research, academic claims that they can perceive and process information, including those capable of computing, almost on the same sophisticated level as animals.
Of course, the brain as a separate organ of our smaller brothers not green. But this does not mean that they can not handle the information coming to them from the outside by psychic, and change depending on that certain processes occurring in them.
In humans and animals, this makes the brain.
But in plants academician I.I.Gunar found some semblance of it as a kind of "information center" located in the root collar. He has the ability to open and close like the heart muscle and thus sends a command pulse energy to all cells of the plant.
While scientists know too little about how this center analyzes the incoming information and which team gives. Do not look too "psyche" and "nervous system" of plants on our, human. But the fact that they are there, no doubt.
So, summing up, we can say that plants have every right to call our brothers smaller as a lot like people. They are able to "love" and "hate", "think" and to respond to our thoughts and actions.
"The Secret Power"