The planet Pluto was discovered by scientists in 1930. Status as a planet was selected in 2006, when scientists decided that Pluto is too small to be called a planet. Thus, Pluto is now a dwarf planet.
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Suggested name for the planet Pluto native of Oxford — Venetia Burney, the girl 11ti years. Schoolgirl decided that the name of the god of the underworld is perfect for an ice planet with a temperature of 229 ° C, with what scientists readily agreed.
Pluto weighs 5 times less than our lunar satellite and 3 times smaller in volume. Mass man on the satellite will be 20 times less than on Earth.
Moving away from the Sun, the atmosphere freezes on the planet Pluto, and closer, it becomes a gas.
Composition planet was defined in 1985: methane, carbon dioxide, nitrogen blanket.
Sunbeam of light gets to Pluto in 5 hours, and the glow of light from the surface of the planet is similar to the light from the stars.
The sun rises on the planet Pluto from the West to the East once a week, and a complete revolution around our star — the Sun — planet has for 248 years.
Pluto has its own satellites, they are mythological names: Charon, Hydra, Nix and S/2011 P 1.
In 2006, Pluto was launched on the device, which will arrive on the planet in the summer of 2015. For some 5 months to complete the study will approach the planet. In addition, together with the technique will also arrive at Pluto ashes of its discoverer.
Pluto surface consists of 98% carbon monoxide and nitrogen ice containing small amounts of methane.
Radius of the solid surface of Pluto is 1161 km.
Illinois, the birthplace of the discoverer of the planet Pluto marks the day on March 13.
The weight of each satellite is 0.03% and 0.3% by weight and most suitably from Pluto its satellite Charon.
In July 2012 found the fifth satellite of Pluto, its diameter is 16 to 24 km, and it rotates at a distance of 47,000 km from the planet. In 2013, the satellite was called Styx.