Psychology interior

19.01.2005

19.01.2005


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Architecture sometimes poetically referred to as frozen music. Indeed, the influence of the external appearance of the building, and especially its interior on the human psyche is comparable to the impact of the melody. Sometimes even the slightest nuance can plunge into sadness or, conversely, cause a feeling of cheerfulness, a surge of strength and joy.

Fortunately, have sunk into oblivion are the days when the interior arrangement of guided exclusively by pragmatic considerations of expediency and utilitarian use. The desire to comply fully with this often highly questionable criteria of fashion and prestige, also ceases to be a major, but comes to the fore the personal and psychological aspect of the design space. Apartment or private house gradually become not just a space for living, and a peculiar expression of the inner world of the hosts. Style home is focused primarily on the creation of a comfortable and harmonious psychological climate, and with careful selection of all the components of design can serve as a passive therapist.

Psychological approach to interior design conventionally includes two main functions. The most common and well known harmonizing function when setting a single room or the entire house reflects a person's temperament, habits, attitudes and mentality. The task of this room — to foster an atmosphere of harmony and peace. Bold and non-trivial solutions are hardly justified. In fact, a similar technique involves interior passivity in relation to its owner. With the optimal combination of colors and textures of materials, as well as elements of decor and interior accessories adapts to a particular individual, which is a continuation of his inner "I".

The second, much more interesting function can be called challenging. This method involves the establishment of a kind of feedback between the design space and the human psyche. The design is now playing an active role: it favorably accentuates certain features of character and temperament owner or, conversely, smoothes and eliminates the undesirable traits. For example, this interior is able to balance the impulsive choleric or inspire prone to melancholic depression. It's no secret that the popularity of feng shui today is largely due to the variety of methods for organizing stimulating space that offers this ancient teaching. However, the followers of feng shui look deeper, stating that proper arrangement can mysteriously influence not only on the psyche of the inhabitants of the house, but also to events in their lives, business and personal success.

Of course, the ideal would be to consider the design space that combines both stimulating and harmonizing function. Unfortunately, not everyone is available for consultation on the psychology of the interior with a specialist or layout of housing from a feng shui master. Nevertheless, learn and put into practice the basics of the personal approach to the arrangement of the house and you can own.

The interior design begins with a space planning, with the creation of a specific structure of the internal space. From the point of view of psychology, such structuring is paramount. In fact, it sets the rhythm of life in the house and often dictates the specific model of the relations of its inhabitants with each other and guests. Although spatial planning options are countless, they can be reduced to two basic types of indoor and outdoor decor. Interior closed implies a clear and fixed division of a whole into several isolated rooms, each of which performs a specific function. For example, the living room can not be part-dining room, and bedroom — an office. From a psychological point of view here gives priority to the privacy and intimacy of life, even the owners of the room. Open interior, by contrast, is the embodiment of the concept design barrier-free society, demonstrating the kind of life show, the active, dynamic and communicative style of behavior and, possibly, the priority of public and business interests over individual interests. Nowadays, this type of housing is realized by structuring flexible space planning, organization viewed from any point in space is not divided into rooms, and functional areas. Two centuries architects have achieved this through the suite of adjoining rooms.

The question of which of the types of layout to stop the formation of harmonizing the interior, easily solved. For those who prefer privacy, avoid noisy companies and social contacts, fit interior closed, and people who are used to always be the center of attention and seeking to maximize the number of singles, this choice is often associated with psychological solitary confinement. Design of stimulating interior requires a much more responsible and creative approach. The tactics of shock therapy is, of course, irrelevant. Compensatory psychotherapeutic idea of stimulating plan is implemented through the skillful use of two basic techniques: a combination of interior open or closed, and the presence of a middle ground — a semi-open living space. Try to understand what this looks like in practice.

Suppose the task is to create a stimulating interior for a person who feels some difficulty because of its isolation, miscommunication and constant immersion in itself. The first method — single open space instead of individual rooms of common use (for example, a living room, kitchen and office) with a single isolated individual room, which serves as a harmonizing element. The second method — partial restriction of the degree of isolation of each room, when a massive wall replaced easily transformed partitions, screens or glass panels. Approach to planning stimulating interior for a person with an impulsive, choleric temperament will be opposite in purpose, but in many ways similar to the previous version is being implemented. The dominant trend here — strengthening and isolation zones common space with mobile partitions, visually reduce the volume of a single room, but causing no feeling completely isolated room.

It is equally important to consider the color palette of finishes, the overall style of the room, as well as furniture and individual pieces of furniture. When the psychological approach to interior design is the most important stage. No universal recipe here and there can not be. General advice is permissible to give only on the basis of the conventional classification of temperaments in the choleric, sanguine, melancholic, phlegmatic and their psycho-emotional characteristics. Modern psychology as an alternative offering a similar gradation in effect for extroverts and introverts active and passive type. Of course, in pure form, each of which is extremely rare — temperament absolute majority of individuals can be classified as a mixed type.

Sanguine and choleric is considered to be people who can not imagine myself without a vibrant, busy life, a permanent stay in the thick of things. Choleric, sanguine impressionable, and its activity and dynamism often turn into impulsiveness, giving rise to considerable difficulties in a systematic, purposeful activity. Sanguine and choleric are not reactionaries and conservatives, so the interior design are welcome most daring stylistic solutions — from urbanism and high-tech to the avant-garde eclecticism. Harmonizing the type of interior that takes into account the sanguine temperament, involves extremely flexible layout and vast open spaces. In the coloring finishes optimal warm and bright colors, such as soft shades of orange and yellow. Typically, the sanguine and choleric prefer a compact modular furniture strict but at the same time elegant design. Stimulating interior can shift pretty smooth temperament sanguine or choleric to type, or, conversely, to a more peaceful and slow phlegmatic. In the first case, the main emphasis in the colors of fall on finishing the interior play of contrasts, for example harmonizing sanguine terra cotta color is combined with rich red or black. Furnishings and furniture made of glass and nickel-plated steel will increase the effect. The second option — shift of the main flavor in a cold part of the spectrum, and the overall style of the premises — in favor of an ageless classic. But for the choleric harmonizing the interior in its pure form, designed to maintain his already explosive temper, it is hardly justified. Stimulating interior, whose main task — to balance the overly excitable mind choleric, formed on the same principles as the soothing interiors for the sanguine, except that the impact of colors is more pronounced.

Phlegmatic and melancholic — the exact opposite of sanguine and choleric. Their credo — peace, stability, security from the outside world and a complete absence of radical change. Phlegmatic by nature — an inveterate conservative, supply a clear weakness to recognized standards, while the melancholic focused on the inner world, or, as psychologists would say, entirely introversirovan. If you allow representatives of each of these personality types to beat the house to your liking, then the house will be like the phlegmatic antique store (in the extreme case — to the junk shop), and melancholic house — at the artist's studio. Based on this, you can define the main directions of development of harmonizing and stimulating interior. The color palette is dominated by muted pastel and dark colors, in the case of interior trim for the melancholic fit with the original texture or pattern. Stimulating effect can be achieved by diluting the basic palette warmer and more vivid colors, as well as by bringing light into the eclectic decor of the room. Finally, the organization of psychologically oriented interior for a person belonging to a mixed type of temperament, from the outset to determine what features of the emotional sphere is desirable to activate and which to relax. Often, it is not necessary to contrive a large-scale redesign of the apartment. Sometimes it is enough to select a catalytic zone in any part of the premises, for example, where there is a workplace. Harmonizing area a desirable place in a room designed for rest and relaxation — in the bedroom or living room.

Vadim Sumin

16.01.2005

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