September 25, 2012 15:59
Tomb of Genghis Khan
There is some historical evidence that a big funeral in Ordos Genghis Khan was a hoax, and the body of the deceased ruler, together with its countless treasures were buried in a secret place. Where only the treasure hunters and archaeologists searched for the grave: in Mongolia and China, and Kazakhstan. But old-Kyrgyz believe that the tomb of the great conqueror hidden waters of Issyk-Kul.
It is said that the son of Chagatai Khan took his father's body he rules in the Issyk-Kul land ordered to make a coffin of a very durable wood-mountain juniper, which were placed the remains of the great conqueror. I have seen articles of juniper, which the locals call Tal. Baskets, woven from Tala, quietly hold water and is committed not soaked with moisture.
Bishop Coffin and treasure hid in a secluded cave, buried, and then flooded the abstracted water.
As expected, almost all participants burial killed to keep the secret. Of their heads lay on the banks of the mound. Terrible times and terrible morals.
True or not — is unknown. But when they talk about the grave of the great conqueror, I always remember a smile and the words of a friend of a torus (so called in Kazakhstan descendants of Genghis Khan). "Where is the real tomb of Genghis Khan, known to many hundreds, perhaps a thousand people. This secret is passed down from generation to generation, from father to son, from grandfather to grandson. Know, but would not say. Because, having opened the grave, will inevitably unleash the powerful and bloodthirsty ghosts of war, hatred, deadly diseases and other afflictions and calamities. When opened the tomb of Tamerlane in Samarkand, the next day the most terrible and bloody war. But Genghis Khan was much stronger than the "iron Tamerlane. '"
Tamerlane visited Issyk-Kul, at least three times — in 1376, 1389 and 1392, respectively. Long and he tried unsuccessfully to subdue the tribes, but all ended in trips to the same — when a troop otkochevyvali tribes, and when the troops left the country, the tribes again came back.
Then the "Iron hromets" on one of the islands built a fortress, where it is said, kept his treasure and noble captives. Later, the island went under water.
Generally, at the bottom of the lake is full of medieval and pre-Christian flooded buildings. Scientists have counted twelve sunken cities and settlements. The waters of Lake Issyk-Kul is hidden ancient capital Scythian Usuns Chigu. There are also blurred waves mounds, which buried the Scythians-Sakas, and well-preserved objects of the time: the bronze hatchets and tips, self-sharpening daggers-akinakes, fragments of bronze production of various castings, gold faceted rods — the old money.
Issyk-Kul has a unique, hitherto little-studied hydrology. The water level in it that rises, falls. This process may occur gradually and rapidly — as a result of tectonic processes accompanied by a breakthrough of huge masses of water from the lakes that lie above. Turn out to coastal flooding. Time passes, the water recedes, people are returning to the shores of the lake.
And through all the years 500-700, which was created by them, is again under water.
Amazing water clarity can even see some of the ancient buildings, located on the multimeter depth. With the deceptive light refraction think they quite close. Dive — and get one hand.
Treasure Christian Nestorian
In 1218 in the Chui valley burst 25000th housing Mongols, led by one of the best generals of Genghis Khan — Jebe (Arrow). With him was the son of Chagatai Khan.
Christian monks of the monastery of the ancient city Suyab and rich residents decided to flee the terrible invaders.
Having loaded with gold, silver and other valuables caravan of two hundred camels, they moved north coast of the Issyk-Kul in the direction of Kashgar.
But the Mongols was a sensitive nose for gold. One of the cavalry troops blocked the road. The fugitives were surrounded with Armenian monastery Christian Nestorians.
At night, the monks and the fugitives hid on the beach or in the waters of the treasures. The next morning the caravan moved into the mountains and stopped at the cave, which was flowing mountain river. The waters of the river at the time was taken, and the remaining value was put on the bottom of the cave, cutting stones. On one of them fought off the cross, and all covered with earth. Then let the river in the old channel.
The treasure was flooded.
After the revolution of 1917 in this region there was a certain priest defrocked. He had a map of the Issyk-Kul, where it was noted that the location of the treasure.
In the 20s there were the miners with the same card. They showed it in the local geologoupravlenii and even got a license to excavate. The cave, which was marked on the map with a cross, they found a golden hammer and handed it to the authorities. It all ended. Further action miners banned, information classified.
Tomb of St. Matthew
With monks Nestorians linked another mysterious story. There is a so-called Catalan Atlas, published by medieval authors in 1375 it in detail indicated the Issyk-Kul. Near Lake schematically pririsovat monastery. In Catalan, it is said that the place is — "Issikul", which is located on the banks of the Armenian monastery of brothers, in whom there are the relics of St. Matthew, Apostle and Evangelist. Where did this information from the Spanish, is unclear.
As you know, after the ascension of Jesus his disciples went as missionaries in different directions, bringing the Christian faith to the world. Someone went to Rome, some — to the west of Gaul and Britain, and the apostle Matthew, the one whose Gospel — the most popular and affordable art, moved to the south, to the African Ethiopia.
According to legend, the late Matthew on Ethiopian soil was placed in a silver shrine, and probably in some way and she fell to the Armenian monastery in the Issyk-Kul.
In 1850, the Catalan Atlas, located in Venice, carefully studied the young Russian geographer Pyotr Semenov. It was irresistibly drawn to the east. He walked around the whole of Central Asia, the first European scientists to explore the mountains of Tien Shan, for which he received an honorary prefix to its name: Semenov-Tyan-Shansky.
Making home base city of the faithful (Almaty), it is almost every year by the expedition to Lake Issyk-Kul. There is a theory that he was a member of a secret occult society and looking at the lake powerful artifact — the very silver reliquary containing the remains of St. Matthew the Apostle. Did the Semenov-Tyan-Shansky find the grave of the apostle, and she still together with the monastery is hidden under the water — is unknown.
Fairy tale about a dragon dwells in the depths of the lake, have always existed, although few believed them. But for the past four decades, even through pragmatic realists began to assert that during storms seen on the big waves unknown object. However, the fairy dragon believed only tourists coming from afar. Local people were whispering about the other, more menacing monster.
During the Great Patriotic War in Almaty evacuated a number of industries, including the Taganrog plant named after S. Kirov, specializing in the production of torpedoes. After the war, the plant remained in the city of Kirov, eventually becoming one of the leaders of the Soviet torpedostroeniya. But before taking the torpedoes into operation, testing the water. Ideal testing ground was the Issyk-Kul.
In a remote location south coast was established a naval base here and were tested. For raising sunken torpedoes there was a special team of divers.
But once the secret torpedo sank, and could not be found. After that, all torpedoes were enhanced with flashing light.
A torpedo sunk into the water sometimes during severe storms rises to the top and "hang out" on the waves. Threat it represents, since payloads it does not, but no one gives the illusion of the Loch Ness monster.
Fish-monsters and food cyanide
In the 30 years of the last century, scientists, ichthyologists have launched into the lake several species of fish. Most of them died, but a few stick. Thrive in the Issyk-Kul lake trout from Lake Sevan Armenian. Then mutated fish. Aggressive and toothy, it devours local and chebachka dace (similar, but made different fishes). On top of that the former has a very large trout. Divers report that met in the depths of the two-meter monster.
At the end of May 1998 in the river Barskoon flowing into the lake from the accident fell two-ton container of cyanide. According to official data, four people died, more than 2,000 have received varying degrees of poisoning.
In vain Environment Minister of Kyrgyzstan, speaking on television, saying that cyanide quickly disappears, drinking cups water from the river, even a swim in cold water. The tourist season of the year was disrupted.
Holds many mysteries of Issyk-Kul.
But he does not care about human passions.
His emerald invigorating water, cool mountain air, hot sun — forever. They came before us and will come after us. The aura of tranquility and love poured over its smooth surface …