The assembly — Baksan

In early 2008, the VAP "Volzhanin" opened a new assembly plant in Kabardino-Balkaria. It's called ZAO "Volzhanin-CBD". Located 23 km from the occupied area of Nalchik plant dormant since the 1990 defense company.


The new company is really breathed life into the empty walls of once secret Defense Company — plant limb. It ceased to exist due to bankruptcy: After the collapse of the Soviet Union ceased military orders, and did not have time to carry out the conversion. In fact, there could stationed some local businessmen, for example, adapting the factory area under the warehouse. Theoretically could be broken down car park or a mini-market. But the meeting between the President and CEO of CBD "Volzhanina" took place just in time.

Originally businessmen saw an opportunity to use the platform of automotive plant in the cool. But in the end it proved to be more attractive Baksan. Volga avtobusostroiteli bought land held repair and re-equipment of workshops and, in fact, marked the beginning of the revival of the engineering industry of the country.

A joint project of the Volgograd Region Administration and the Government of the Republic of Kabardino-Balkaria has acquired an important social dimension.
Today, the bus company is working in Baksan 200. Of these, 160 are directly involved on the spot and 40 sent to the Volga city for an internship at the "Volzhanin" — to master the nuances of the production cycle and gain experience. But that's not the quantity, but the quality of staff: current contest fill the vacancies of three people on the spot. This selection is not even at the head office. The average salary at the plant in Baksan currently is 9,000 rubles., Which by regional standards is pretty good.
Since the opening of January 30, 2008 to September rate of assembly remained stable: 10 buses per month. One passenger car from local experts out two days. And this despite the fact that the workers are only equipped with ready-made, fully painted bodywork units, hang trim and equipment. By mid-June Baksan experts have collected 40 passenger cars: 10 city models 5270 and 30 long-distance models 52702. Also, began collecting suburban modification 52701, which are in steady demand of transport operators.

The director of the new plant, Aslan A. Santika talks about the company as a strong master of a house built with his own hands: with pride and dignity. In this case, it does not expect tips subordinates — he himself knows everything.

The product line is clearly defined: Baksan will produce only 9 — and 10-foot models, the 7-meter will remain the prerogative of the head of the plant. On an area of 2500 m2 "Volzhanin-CBD" expects to produce up to 500 buses per year. In the future, the company intends to organize a modern distribution centers that will enhance the commercial attractiveness of the brand appliances "Volzhanin."

Later on the agenda will rise building its own leasing company. And then, it is possible that in Baksan engineering center will be open from homegrown experts. In general, plans hulk, but whether the Range "steps fathoms", will be seen in the near future: first results of the company intends to take in 2010.

In the meantime, the reality looks modest. Currently painted in body Baksan driven by a rigid coupling of the Volga. Distance greater than 700 km, and the delivery time takes up to one and a half days. After assembling the finished products are sent back to the Volgograd region, as all buses are painted with customers. From next year baksantsy want to master the black body color on the spot. This will speed up the process of manufacture of passenger cars would save on shipping and will give a chance to earn more money.


On the scale of localization of production it does not go. Than, for example, you can replace the motor million of Deutz, transmission ZF, bridges and wheel Raba? While these and other components supplied exclusively from the Volga, but with 2009 seats for the interior will have to come from Cheboksary. Now there is a shortage of materials, and it is possible that providers will be involved like plant "Parts of Baksan." But the direct supply of engines and bridges remain: one order of units across the group of companies can get good discounts. According to the director, "Volzhanina" Alexei Bakulina, the year the current production in the Baksan plant will be a full cycle.

Interestingly, because of the complex logistics manufactured in Baksan buses more expensive than that produced by the parent. In the first half of the year working here in one shift, and since July have set their sights on two-shift. It is possible to increase the production capacity from 10 to 40 cars a month. Over time, part of the municipal government issued buses will be purchased for the region.


Since 2009, planned to build rolling stock and Kabardino-Balkaria. In Nalchik live alone more than 300 thousand people, and there is still a suburb, visitors, tourists. Like it or not, to develop passenger transport is necessary, and to perform such a task with the help of imported second-hand buses unrealistic, and our own peril. Practice shows that the old Ikarus consumes about 40-45 liters of diesel fuel per 100 kilometers. A flow of modern buses less than 30 l/100 km. In addition, much worn out equipment often breaks down, worsening the yield factor on the line. Clearly, morally and physically obsolete junk causes damage.

Local bus fleet is worn by 80%, and the update — just a matter of time. While the assembly of new buses is for Moscow, the Moscow Region and some Russian regions. In particular, the bus "Volzhanin" ordered the city of Yekaterinburg and Tihoretsk that in the Krasnodar region. Baksan Nalchik and wait in line like the Southern Federal District as a whole. For production workers will not be found, the main thing — to have customers had the means.


Deputy Chairman of the Volgograd Regional Duma Anatoly Bakulin fiscal policy — a father and associate director general of VAP "Volzhanin" Alexei Bakulina support his son in his endeavors, not only of natural affection. He believes that the company develops a direction that can provide the level of safety of passenger transport. It is no secret today about 30% of long-distance transport in the central and southern part of Russia perform long scrapped Hungarian "Icarus". And this is the last day of public transport. In Kabardino-Balkaria, home to more than a million people, and they deserve to move to a more modern and safe buses in communities and beyond.


Anatoly Bakulin knows how difficult and how solutions are difficult to attract the necessary investment. But it would be a wish! At one time — in the early 1990s — he, the director of the convoy number 1732 Volga Volgograd region began to build mass model LiAZ 5256. Buses arrived at the Volga company in the form of SKD-kits from Moscow Likino-Dulevo, and already there were transformed into full-fledged means of transport. Yes, it was hard, not enough specialists and money, but, as they say, patience and a little effort. Frayed! As a result, the Russian business community appeared a bus holding. Willy-nilly, have to reckon with him, and domestic and Belarusian, and Ukrainian producers. And the opening of "Volzhanin-CBD" has further strengthened the brand's position.

Local officials of the Kabardino-Balkaria are aware that the implementation of plans for passenger vehicle fleet, at a minimum, need money and investment programs. The first steps in this direction are being made. So, this year for the first time introduced competitive agreement for 5 years. The plan: annually allocate money from the national budget for the purchase of 50 buses, collected in Baksan. Increased freight rates, which have not changed for three years. Tax benefits are found. Now on 240 routes in Kabardino-Balkaria involved only 160 buses, and measures are taken to ensure that as soon as possible to bring the bus fleet to the number of 240 units.

The government of Kabardino-Balkaria positive about the contribution of the "Volzhanina" in the development of the region. In fact, without them, this project would not take place. But by happy coincidence the President Arsen Kanokov and CEO "Volzhanina" Alex Bakulin met and agreed. The Governor Nikolai Maksyuta Nalchik and the head of administration of Baksan Anatoly beefs believe that the plant — it's not just jobs and additional tax revenue, but also an incentive to train local residents, gaining engineering disciplines.

It is estimated a new plant generates about 1.5 million rubles. in the form of taxes to the budgets of all levels. As of the beginning of summer in the 2007/2008 years. has trained 250 people who gathered 30 buses. According to the Minister of Industry, Fuel and Energy Complex and Housing Kabardino-Balkaria Kazim Uyanaeva is just the beginning.

In a few years' Volzhanin-CBD "intends to begin production in Baksan fully aluminum body and master the production of city buses with low floor. And it is not a utopia. It is known that "Volzhanin" actively make their way to an oversaturated market of Germany, where the "butt" is more eminent manufacturers. Several cars passed trial operation and who knows, maybe in time they look and feel not only the Germans, but also the transport workers of other countries of the Old World. In the meantime, consider a real opportunity to build buses with aluminum bodies in South America, namely in Venezuela in Bolivar State. It is assumed that in the framework of the project "Volzhanin" will provide business partners, advanced technology, equipment and organizing the production process from beginning to end. A Venezuelan government will allocate investments of $ 300 million

However, this is the future. In the meantime, "Volzhanin" actively strengthening its position within the available capacity. It may be remembered that in addition to the main plant in the Volga and manufacture in Baksan is a holding company established in 2007 a workshop for assembling small class bus "Volzhanin-32901" on the chassis of the Indian Tata. On an area of 4000 m2 per year is planned to produce up to 1000, and at a maximum load of up to 2,000 units of passenger vehicles. Now in the shop completes the modernization of equipment, and in 2009 he will be able to reach full capacity. The program involves the development of holding a maximum harmonization component base and the introduction of common technical standards for all companies "Volzhanina." The program must be completed before the end of 2010. By this time, the total volume of production output will increase to 3000-4000 buses a year. Plans albeit ambitious, but achievable, and "Volzhanin-CBD" in this band will be playing the role of the latter is not a violin.

Of course, in Baksan plant to plant in the Volga as a walk to the moon. There's a lot of manual labor, and equipment "incarcerated" only under the assembly, and not for production. But such a task, and yet it is not necessary. Perhaps (and this is my intuitive assumption) that as hardware upgrades and increased production of machinery and part of the equipment will be transferred to the Baksan. "Volzhanin" is now rapidly galloping ahead. Only a year and a half he has launched two new laser complex "Amada", whose work I have seen with my own eyes. For a given program, they "burn" any detail. For example, in a matter of seconds automatic sheet cutting steel on a few top-notch company logos "Volzhanin." By the way, on the mother plant proportion of manual labor is gradually reduced, and partial robotization of the production cycle — is not a utopia.

That today is collected in Baksan? In fact, the entire family of "5270" for multi-purpose use on regular routes. These buses have a one-story wagon-bearing body. Naturally, private, all-metal, with glued glass and a rear longitudinal engine layout. The frame is made of traditionally domestic low-alloy high strength steel. It has high torsional stiffness and that is important — not afraid of the rapid onset of rust. Cladding panels are galvanized and also effectively ignored "a red plague." As optional equipment for the different models are available for installation details Wabco and Bosch, a "suburb" and "long-distance" Upholstered chairs. In general, almost all the same as in the central office in Volga. The difference is that the buses in the northern version, with heat-insulated interior, double glazed windows, doors and air curtains independent heater cab Southerners will not leave himself.
We can not say about the quality, which "Volzhanin" pays special attention. The company is constantly upgrading manufacturing, purchasing new equipment from leading manufacturers. Holding its own research center is busy designer, design, engineering and technological developments. The current program is to improve the quality — not just words to the ears of carriers is that if you want to, philosophy.

Not for nothing several vendors have said "Goodbye!" Because of the low quality of their products. And refused the services of those who, even with a good product delivery and tear is not fulfilling its obligations. Control of the final product from the conveyor has become tougher, and for good reason quality management system "Volzhanina" corresponds to the international standard ISO 9001:2000 and is certified by BVQI. Irrespective of where and by whom the brand bus assembled, it must ensure the best operating cost to the customer, and thus be of high quality. Not for nothing at the factory in Baksan, like the Volga, hang posters with the same inscription: "Quality — this is when customers come back, and not the buses." Who would argue!

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