The Cossacks in search of Shambhala

24.12.2004

24.12.2004


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Here's a nice surprise, "daughter" "Penguin" called "Yauza" produced by the light of a solid parent seems to be specifically to dump there all possible pop music of the mysteries of the Third Reich, suddenly released a decent book. Additional amenity is that the book, in question, for the history of the occult — a theme that seemed to be permanently relegated to all sorts of charlatans, but in recent years, one after another began to appear dedicated to her works of serious researchers, from Nikolay Bogomolov to Andrei Nikitin.

Monograph Petersburg historian orientalist Alexander Andreyev "occultist of the Soviet Union," despite some lurid title, is consistent with the qualitative parameters of popular science writing. By the author of the material is suitable critically, separates the legends from the facts carefully, and sympathy for the New Age expresses cautious and mostly in the subjunctive mood. What more could you ask for? I should add that to the credit of the researcher, the hero of his Andreev does not idealize, compromising his facts (what is typed many) does not hide — and only this temptation often shunned and quite solid humanities.

Occultist of the Soviet Union — is Alexander Barchenko, writer and mystic whose activity occurred in the first decades of the twentieth century. It seems that the first among modern scholars look at this figure drew Oleg Shishkin, otvedshy description of its activities a lot of space in his book, "The Battle of the Himalayas. NKVD: the magic and espionage." There also have been published reports of interrogations Barchenko and some other documents that shed light on his "life and work". Since then the name Barchenko in the literature mentioned more than once, but for the most part they were not noteworthy works of Valery Demin (too tolerant Andreev gently calls him "scholar-enthusiast"), or, pardon the expression, Alexandra Bushkova. And finally, there was the first documentary biography Barchenko.

It is known that the brothers belonged to the esoteric "occultist of the Soviet Union" with some suspicion. Masons have taken offense at him for what he spread among like-minded treatise of the famous French occultist Eliphas Levi, presenting it as a product of his own. Others did not like that Barchenko authoritatively argued about Buddhism, drawing information about it for the most of the casual and brief contact with some Mongol adventurers.

All this, of course, can be attributed to the eternal competition between different groups of mystical, if not placed in the appendix to the book Andreeva documentaries, primarily sketches Barchenko lectures on Kabbalah, the level of their experience producing extremely sad. Yes, and Andreev tells how Barchenko, armed with the Bible and the Explanatory borrowed for the occasion with friends KGB knowledge of Hebrew, began to comment on the Scriptures. Naturally, this approach found in the book of Genesis match with the "Ramayana" was not working.

Was not better reputation Barchenko and in the scientific world. Historians, geographers and anthropologists have flatly refused to recognize the results of his expedition to the Kola Peninsula, where Barchenko by examining the shrine Lapps, found traces of the ancient Hyperborean civilization. Colleagues who had gathered to hear his report, tactfully pointed out "a small speaker objectivity in describing his or her observations and discoveries." Simply put, the natural formation of Barchenko adopted for the creation of human hands.

However, all this did not prevent people with serious attentive to the activities of Barchenko. Apparently, he was to some extent patronized Lunacharsky (Commissar of Education, who remained in his heart all the same decadent and Ultimates, has always been partial to the holders of esoteric wisdom), active contact with Barchenko Vladimir Bechterev, as we know, was interested in parapsychology (letters Barchenko famous physiologist published in the appendix to the book Andreeva). But the biggest success Barchenko (Turning tragedy in ten years) had a meeting in the mid-1920s with the head of the special department of the OGPU Gleb Bokim. Boki, who dreamed to put the secret knowledge at the service of the victorious proletariat, Barchenko invited to read lectures on the staff of the special department of Ancient Science (Barchenko called her a Mongolian word "dyunhor") Belovodye and civilization of Atlantis.

But even Boki Barchenko was powerless to help in the implementation of its long-held dream — the organization of the expedition in search of Shambhala. KGB and the tip of the Commissariat of Foreign Affairs led the East the game, and occult things to do in their plans did not fit. Then disappointed Barchenko decided to review all the mystical forces and organize in Moscow All-Union Congress dyunhora keepers. This very idea gives KGB provocation, but there is no definitive evidence that. Trying to implement its plans, Barchenko comes in contact with the Crimean dervishes, Kostroma golbeshnikami, Lubavitcher Hasidim. However, the appeal of "The mystics of all faiths, unite!" nothing comes out, and Barchenko back to counseling employees special department of the OGPU.

Naturally, it ended the 37-year when he was arrested Boki, and with it Barchenko and almost all members of the recently created "One of the labor fraternity." In the late 30s destroyed all that somehow smacked of spirituality, and no longer interested in how genuine was the mystical experience of an occultist.

However, the interest in mysticism, seemingly strangled prewar repression safely revived after a few decades and the beginning of the XXI century has reached some absolutely obscene proportions. Naturally, smelling fishy, practical book publishers began to fasten to the subject even the fact that it is in no way related.

Another younger relative multifaceted "Penguin", LLC "Algorithm-book," responds to the empire for hilling DERZHAVNAYA concerned citizens. Its products are mostly devoted nostalgirovaniyu by Russia, which we lost, and sobs on "we had a great era." Among the favorite authors of "algorithm" — Oleg Platonov, Sergei Kara-Murza and even Vladimir Bushin.

In the "algorithm" comes out and a series of "secret sects and orders" — oddly enough, pretty decent. A few months ago, in it, for example, published the book "The Wahhabis and the Masons" with curious instruments of Islamic mystics. And now there appeared a collection of "Zaporozhye".

To give its release in the series have at least some semblance of logic, the drafters even attached a book subtitled "Order of the Knights of the Dnieper." Why, of course, is even funnier. I am now imagining all Roerich's painting "Cossacks writing a letter to the Indian mahatma." In Belovodye grandfather.

The book is primarily a set of texts of various Russian and Ukrainian historians XVIII — beginning of XX centuries. In addition, the volume includes notes and a Polish diplomat E.Lassoty essay G.Boplana engineer officer (the latter we find the marvelous phrase: "Faith Cossacks profess Greek, Russian calling it").

Almost half of the texts included in the collection belongs to the XVIII century, which, I fear, will please readers barely. "Though shalt people since ancient times has always been the military, and with good knowledge in other states of their military lives, but these should commencement of his way to show authentic, from which year did not know" — these phrases are looked organically in the textbook historical grammar, rather than on the pages of publications issued by a more or less general circulation. This also must be added and abundantly cited sources in the Ukrainian language.

However, the reader who wishes to obtain reliable information about the history of Zaporizhzhya Cossacks, but not for the sake of going to wade through a jungle vosemnadtsativechnogo Ukrainian syntax or vocabulary, it may well be content with popular and even with some excess of poetry or beautiful music Kuzmin A.Storozhenko or more stringent but it is quite readable, especially the works of N.Markovina D.Yavornitskogo. Anthology turned thick enough space for everyone.

With far more reason the city could be called the Knights of Konigsberg, the current Kaliningrad, founded in 1255 the Teutonic Knights. But its history is writing very different book. The St. Petersburg publishing house "Hyperion," came the memories of the West German musician Michael Vick "Sunset Konigsberg: Evidence for a German Jew" (a brilliant translation Yu.Volkova edited by Renata von Maydell and Michael Bezrodnoff) — perhaps the most well-known source of memoir about World War II and the Holocaust in the Eastern Prussia.

Like the diary of Anne Frank, the book Vic disproportionately targets the contrast between the normal life of a teenager (Michael born in 1928) — first love, music lessons, religious thoughts — and those historical background on which all this is happening. If Vick is a feeling reinforced by the pattern of fracture, passing within the same family. Author of "The Decline of Konigsberg" the father polunemets, polushved and maternal Jew, but because while he, his parents and relatives expecting mother deportation and death of his cousin, a movie star dined at receptions Goering and Hitler's uncle, a staunch Nazi and Armored Forces officer, fought on the Eastern Front, and cousins have served in the SS.

A special place in his book, Vic pays full professor of the Department of General Psychology University of Königsberg, the future Nobel Prize winner and world-renowned scientist Konrad Lorenz. During the war he was one of the most prominent theorists of racial purity, actively justifies the term "culling." As a criterion such Lorenz proposed next pay check formula: "Good man instinctively feels when he is dealing with a scoundrel."

Evidence about the life of Jews in the Third Reich were published quite a few, including in Russian. However, for the Russian reader memoir Vick can be a real shock. The fact that a large part of his book is devoted to the story of the life kenigsbergtsev after the war, under Soviet occupation. The crimes of our troops in the occupied territories they were described repeatedly, including in the "Gulag Archipelago" and in the book of Leo Kopeleva "Keep Forever." However, the author's view, "Konigsberg Sunset" — a sight not out of the camp the winners and losers of the camp. Anyone who was a Jew to the Nazis, became a German for allies — the first for the bombed residential areas of the English, and then for the annexation of East Prussia Soviets.

However, Vic understands the difference between German and Soviet atrocities. If the first he does not see any mitigating circumstances, the telling of the second, constantly stipulates: "It would be, however, more often reminisce about their subhuman announced that they treacherously attacked and ravaged their country. Every Russian was carrying in his heart pain for the millions who died in battle, died of hunger, for the dead relatives or friends. " Under Soviet rule, Vic lived for three years. In 1948, he was deported to Germany, and the war was over for him.

23.12.2004

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