In the late 70s adopted Russian Navy torpedo entered reactive (also often used the term rocket torpedo) VA-111 «Squall». She had a huge advantage in speed over existing standards. During the movement of ammunition, forming around him a large cavitation cavity could accelerate to a speed of about 500 kilometers per hour. At the same time, brand new torpedo was not perfect and had a few shortcomings. She was echoing and firing range does not exceed a few kilometers. In addition, the control system torpedoes «Squall» allowed her to move only in accordance with this applets. Own equipment guidance was not provided.
Complex «Squall» was in service for about fifteen years in the first half of the 90 Navy refused it. Around this time, the export version was created under the title torpedoes «Squall-E.» After decommissioning often appeared rumors and announcements fragmentary character, said the likelihood of the development of the latest version of high-speed supercavitating torpedo, which will replace the upcoming written-off standard. But shortly before the fact of working refreshed «Squall» or even absolutely modern torpedoes similar class remained questionable.
On the days of it’s proof that the work on the latest torpedo already underway, but are still at the stage of research and theoretical calculations. In Mon June 17 to RIA Novosti published an interview with the designer of the plant and the first chairman Dagdizel Russian Scientific Council on torpedostroeniyu S. Aliyev. Company where he works, previously released torpedoes «Squall», and at the moment it became clear from the interviews, conducting research on the topic of similar ammunition. Judging by the Aliyev disk imaging, too early to talk about the timing of realization of the project, as it is in the very early stages and a number of severe problems so far not been resolved.
Thus, in the current time employees DagDiesel design bureau, along with several research organizations working on hydrodynamic overlooking promising speed torpedo. The most important question in today’s stage works — cavity of the border. When moving torpedo inside the cavity is no exact dividing line between air and water, causing hydrodynamic study of the project gets unusual complexity. On the solution to this difficulty it takes time and only after the formation of hydrodynamic type can be continued work.
Only after will be determined by the hydrodynamic form promising torpedoes, others will begin design work. View will allow to form the main features of the project, such as the required load, assembly, etc. In other words, in the current time early talk about the properties of future torpedo. The only parameter which can speculate — its speed. Since promising ammo will use supercavitation effect, then its speed will be correspondingly, a few hundred miles per hour.
One can also imagine that a promising high-speed torpedo in general will remember myself «Squall»: an elongated body with the largest diameter of 533 mm, a jet engine in the tail section and cavitator bow. Questionable, but remain certain technical decisions regarding the other aspect of the design. In addition, the development of a promising rocket torpedoes will need to solve a number of problems typical of the prior «Squall».
Unlikely to get rid of the noise produced by a torpedo during the motion. Jet engine is very sonorous introduction to shelter from submarines. Asymmetric solution prepyadstviya noise may be materially increase the range of the torpedo. A unique complex of BA-111 «Squall» let storm targets at ranges of 8-10 km, which is obviously not enough to run the flea. Progress of the last decades in the field of solid-propellant rocket engines, may help to make a torpedo with a radius of reactive acts significantly superior to the similar parameter «Squall.»
Significant increase in the effective firing range torpedo promising involves the creation of a modern management system. Munition «Squall» was equipped with inertial control system, which detained him on the settlement date. At comparable long-range goals to similar systems are not applicable for practical implementation. Engineers DagDiesel understand this. In his interview with S. Aliyev recalled South American ideas about speed control torpedoes. So, it was proposed to equip ammo several groups of sensors and transmit information to them on a console, in order that he might enter adjustments in the path of the torpedo.
There is evidence of similar works in our country, but they are very poor and sketchy character. Moreover, in the present state of Russian rocket torpedoes can draw the appropriate conclusions. It seems that Russian and then Russian designers have failed to do or, at least, bring to full production speed with some supercavitating torpedo guidance system. So Makar, DagDiesel employees will have to decide and control the problem of ammunition at huge distances.
If the project is successful, designers will combine all the possible advantages and eliminate a large part of shortcomings, the brand new torpedo, certainly, intrigue Navy. But judging by the available data, this technical project will not now and not tomorrow. In the foreseeable future because the Mariners will have to use the military is not very frisky, but available torpedoes classical scheme.