The success of the Wehrmacht tank: not that skill

The success of the Wehrmacht tank: not that skillThe very presence of tanks in the Reich, not an answer to the question about the reason of success "lightning war."

German tanks were inferior in quality to its competitor. A significant part of the Wehrmacht tank, in the years 1939-1941, were light tanks "Panzer — 1" and "Panzer — 2" (actually small tanks with machine guns). Even better German tanks "Panzer — 3" and "Panzer — 4", inferior to the power of guns and French tanks booking "Soma S-35", "B 1 bis». Russian tanks, the average "T-34" and the heavy "KV" which have already been in service with the Red Army, in a fairly perceptible amount also exceeded the German tanks.

German tanks are not superior to the enemy in number. On 1 May 1940, the Wehrmacht was in 1077, "Panzer-1", 1092, "Panzer-2", 143, "Panzer 35 (t)», 238 "Panzer 38 (t)», 381 "Panzer 3", 290 "Panzer — 4 "and 244 command tanks (armed only with machine guns), ie a total of 3365 tanks. In 1207 the army of France was light tanks «R-35", 695 light tanks "H-35" and "H-36", about 200 tankettes "AMS-35", and AMR-35 ", 90 lung FCM-36 "210 medium tanks« D1 »« D2 », 243 medium" Soma S-35 ", 314 languid" B1 "- only 3159 tanks. With the British tanks, the Allies had more tanks.

The difference between the Wehrmacht and the French armed forces are not in chile and quality, as in the organization. In Reich, a new organizing principle for the tanks, which is very assist in the organization of the blitzkrieg.

Reform

Reform of tank units, began October 12, 1934, when completed the development schemes of the first 3 Reich Panzer Division. 1st Tank division consisted of: 2-tank regiments, the 1st infantry regiment, the 1st Battalion, motorcyclists, 1st Recon, 1st Battalion, tank destroyers, 1 Artillery Regiment, and supporting (engineers, signalers, engineers), rear units . January 18, 1935 Inspector General Lutz motorized troops, began the formation of 3 armored divisions.

First division formed wretched machine gun "Panzer-1", but the main thing was made capable of forming not only break the enemy's defenses. The novelty lay in the fact that such a division could, after a break defense, promote the coming without the help of others. Panzer divisions have autonomy: to lead a battle against enemy reserves, capture the fundamental objects, restore ferry, rent a minefield to kill fences, conduct artillery duel, detain the principal points (on the defensive).

Panzer divisions were able to shake the entire defense system, creating the possibility of operations on the environment. Now you can "lightning war", when the surround and destroy the main enemy forces, the enemy was forced to pull out troops withdraw reserves to patch the "hole", bringing chaos to the system of defense.

In September 1939, the Wehrmacht was able to consolidate the military reform in practice, it is not the risk — in the war with Poland.

In 1939, the reform has not yet been completed, the organization was more vserasprostranennoy Tank division with 2 tank regiments. It was a tank brigade — two tank regiments, each with two tank battalions Islands, about 300 tanks and 3,300 staff; Motorized Infantry Brigade — motorized infantry regiment (2000 people) Motorcycle battalion (850 people). The total number of divisions — 11,800 people. The artillery of the division: 16 — 105 mm guns, 8 — 150 mm guns, 4 — 105, 8 — 75 mm guns, 48 — 37 mm anti-tank guns. So were organized five divisions, the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4 -, 5-I.

In addition were extraordinary part, namely, Division "Kempf", the 10th Panzer Division, they had a 1-n tank regiment of 2 battalions. 1st Light Division had a third tank battalions, the other light divisions had 1 tank battalion. The Polish campaign has identified shortcomings such organization.

From October 1939 to my 1940 was brand new reorganization, lightweight division was disbanded. It was created 10 armored divisions: 6-Th (1-5 and 10th) had four tank battalions, three divisions — three tank battalions (6, 7, 8 th), one — two battalions (the 9th).

After the surrender of France, the command carried out another overhaul — the number of armored divisions brought up to 20. In the main by splitting existing divisions and the creation of the tank regiments on the basis of new divisions. Now in all divisions was 1-n Tank Regiment, consisting of 2-3 battalions. Compensated for the increase in the number of tanks of their properties, to rearm tank parts with the "Panzer-2" to "3 Panzers." The "ideal", 3 battalion Panzer Division in June 1941 (armed "Panzer-2, 3,4 '), there was only one — third, under the command of Walter model. Who later became one of the best generals of the Reich.

Division Czechoslovak armed with tanks, were also 3-battalion, but it was no longer optimization, and compensation of their low number of properties.

So Makarov, a successful German "blitzkrieg" did not depend on the size and properties of the tanks, and of their organization. The Wehrmacht took up his skill, strategy.

The success of the Wehrmacht tank: not that skill

The success of the Wehrmacht tank: not that skill

The success of the Wehrmacht tank: not that skill

The success of the Wehrmacht tank: not that skill

The success of the Wehrmacht tank: not that skill

The success of the Wehrmacht tank: not that skill

The success of the Wehrmacht tank: not that skill

The success of the Wehrmacht tank: not that skill

The success of the Wehrmacht tank: not that skill

The success of the Wehrmacht tank: not that skill

The success of the Wehrmacht tank: not that skill

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