April 8, 2012 22:14
In recent years, one of the most attractive countries for tourism has become a mysterious India. All seek to bring out the colorful figures with images of the Buddha or elephant incense, national clothing, hookahs, exotic jewelry and spices. The only thing that the traveler will not be able to pick up a souvenir — is Indian money, the rupee.
It is possible that cunning numismatists have repeatedly transgressed the law and taken away in the bins of his hiking bags rustling and rattling these symbols of India. However pious travelers should know: despite the fact that the paper rupees as rich colors, as well as any gifts Fenichka from the shelves of the Indian market, its export and re-import into the country is illegal.
The reason for the ban to tourists is not explained. Noted only that along with Indian money prohibits export of the skins of tigers and other wild animals, feathers, leather and leather products of rare reptiles, ivory, live plants, gold and silver bullion, jewelry worth more than two thousand rupees, antiques and antiques of an age exceeding 100 years. It turns out that to take with them Indian money for the people of this country is tantamount to beat an elephant and trying to push through a "green corridor" of his tusks. It turns out that the rupee for Indians are part of the culture in the same way as the Hindu temples, ancient palaces and animals.
It should be recognized that the Indians are partly right, protecting the rupee from the fate of the U.S. dollar, which is distinguished by a special persistence and accessibility. Rupee exclusive, only partially convertible, there are more than 50 different bills and are considered one of the oldest currency in the world.
History of Indian rupees, which is currently divided into 100 paise, started in the XVI century. India gained its own currency in 1539, when the country was ruled by Emperor Sher Shah. He withdrew from the back of the first Indians money — silver Arab coins, as well as so-called "tanga", which were minted in huge quantities of gold and silver in the neighboring state of Hur (western Afghanistan). There are two versions of why silver coins Sher Shah called "Rs." According to the first, the name of the Indian bank notes from the word rupua, which is translated from Sanskrit as handled silver. According to the second version, the rupee comes from the words rura — a Sanskrit word translated as cattle. The second version, apparently associated with the purchase of cattle and cattle.
India has become the next ruler Akbar, which flourished rupee, it was minted from silver 970-th sample, and often outside the box was rectangular. On the coins show formula wishes and blessings, and the denomination of the coin and does not stand for.
In its pristine state of silver rupees waited for the British, who established colonial rule in India made an impact on the Indian currency. The reverse of the earliest colonial coins was portrayed King William IV — so enslaved rupee was published in 1835. Coins were issued even a great many, and they were called "government rupee." At the turn of the century England decided to begin production of the first paper money, of 10, 15, 25, 50, 100 and 10, 000 rupees. Silver jingle was heard less and less.
The largest colonial rebellion committed by the inhabitants of ancient swarthy and enslaved country in 1857, was suppressed subtly majestic and proud Britain. Crush the rebellion by force, Britain decided to go ahead and devalued the currency of the East Indies, depriving rupee silver bells for many years. With the advent of the "Act of paper money in India" the country filled the paper on which to remind the rebels of their oppressors, placed an image of Queen Victoria, and later crowned royalty insatiable throne of England. Rupiah pegged to the pound sterling, which turned her into a concubine English banknotes.
Liberty and security of rupee gained only when India was freed from the power of England and other countries, surprisingly retaining their identity, traditions, religion and unique mystery. This landmark moment in the country's history came in 1947, India became independent. A decade later introduced the decimal system in which rupee was divided by 100 Pace. Portraits have appeared on the bills of Indian rulers. Later, the dominant role was taken by one of the most famous public figures — Mahatma Gandhi.
Curiously, for a hundred years, the revived Indian currency coins minted abroad. Thus, silver rupees began publishing Berlin Mint. And now the bills of Indian banknotes are printed in the Ukraine, and the metal, it is not surprising, produced at the Moscow Mint. So, the first thing that appears before the current coins of rupees — is the dome of the Moscow Kremlin, which, according to Indian law, more rupees never see.
Born in Russia, the rupee ferried to their historic homeland, where along with them are still in the back of their forefathers rectangular, released even at Akbar. It brings to mind the phrase, describing India as a country of contrasts. In this state of poverty coexist and fabulous wealth, magnificent palaces and shied away the mud cows, ancient coins and their contemporaries — "half-brothers" of the Russian ruble.
Today is the rupee currency of many countries, such as India, Pakistan, Nepal, Indonesia, Mauritius, Seychelles and Sri Lanka. However, the cradle of the currency it is India. Perhaps this is the reason for the limited export of Rs abroad. Mysterious country, as a caring mother, do not let your child out the door into the world of the young and daring currencies, government oppressors, in a world where money is — a means of payment, not a proud part of the ancient culture.