The builders of the pyramids were cut, ground and polished limestone is not only soft, but are extremely hard and tough rocks, such as granite, diorite, and basalt. Giant slabs of polished granite piled walls, floor and ceiling of the so-called King's Chamber in the Great Pyramid, they also faced many internal passageways and rooms in this and the other two pyramids. Granite slabs covered part of the surface of the pyramid of Menkaure, some of these units are very large and often have a complex shape, but it is perfectly adjusted to each other, very much reminiscent of the ancient monuments of the Inca masonry Peru.
Meanwhile, this granite, a deposit which is located in Aswan, for 600 kilometers from the Giza plateau is a very hard stone. Iron tool it is virtually impossible to scratch. How could such plates separated by a granite monolith is leveled and polished their surface? A polished they are even better than the plate facing the pyramids. Investigations have shown that such processing quality can be achieved only by Machinery of this class which appeared in the XX century, when, for example, the quality of polishing is determined by measuring reflectance sharply falling to the treated surface light rays. This fact seems to have little concern orthodox Egyptologists. One of them, W. Zamarovskiy10, is convinced:
"Outside the plane leveled copper chisels after the final application of the blocks. Monitoring was carried out using freshly painted boards which applied to specific parts of the paint left traces only on ledges, and eliminated the grinding. Similarly produced alignment and grinding of solid granite slabs in the burial chamber, although there it was harder for working in low light of an oil lamp or candle. "
Such can only be written by a person is not familiar with the technology of stone. Just think: granite, which can not be scratched with solid iron, Mr. Zamarovsky offers to handle soft copper chisel, the quality of polishing surface having optical tolerances are checked with … freshly painted boards (some of this work is done in a very uncomfortable position — over his head, treating the ceiling tiles), and do it all while being in the twilight of the chamber, slightly illuminated by oil lamps. A job for masters could think perhaps that the author of a horror movie! In addition, we note that no trace of soot or soot from oil lamps or candles on the walls of the interior of the pyramids is not found, despite the most thorough search.
In the King's Chamber of the Great Pyramid is a box, carved from a single piece of granite. According to Egyptologists, it is — the sarcophagus, which once rested Khufu's mummy. Case dimensions: length 2.27 m, width 0.98 meters and height of 1.05. Dimensions of the inside of the cavity length of 2 meters, width of 0.68 meters and a depth of 0.87. Who examined this sarcophagus F. Petrie, found that its walls are treated with accuracy, which can provide a modern machine tools. According to Petrie, the sarcophagus was carved out of granite saws straight length of at least 2.5 meters. Their edges were fitted with a material whose hardness is much higher than the hardness of granite.
"The character of granite processing makes first assume that the material was a diamond cutter."
Diamond deposits in Egypt are not available, and there is no archaeological evidence that the Egyptians of the Old Kingdom era were generally familiar with this mineral. Perhaps for this reason Egyptologists believe that the granite blocks were cut from the monolith and divided into plates with copper blades, under which spiked quartz sand. But the same X. Kink, defending similar technology, provides an example of how in the early XIX century, when there were doing reinforced diamond tools for cutting metal saw and sand granite block size of 2.4 x 1.2 meters took 16 months of work for ten hours a day! How much time should be spent on sawing this way hundreds of granite slabs that were used in the construction of the Great Pyramids and the other two (some of them in size significantly higher than the above figures)? In recent years, found some evidence that the stone blocks, including solid granite, in ancient Egypt were separated from the monolith, or cut not by hand and not with copper saws with quartz sand is believed by archeologists. According to German researcher K. Groth, on the back of the granite sarcophagus of the Old Kingdom, which is on display in the Cairo Museum of Antiquities under the number 54938, there are distinct traces left by the circular saw. Such a sawing device had to be necessarily reinforced with solid material (diamond, tungsten carbide) and have a mechanical drive. Read the rest … TOMB: The second question is: How? (Part 5)
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