The main designer of the M-1 was Ignatieff IA (Research Institute "Altair" — SMEs), the main designer of the rocket — PD Grushin (ICD "Torch" — MAP). Missile complex M-1 to B-600 have adopted the Navy by the Council of Ministers № 889-382 on August 24, 1962. Later, the complex M-1 was given the name "Wave" and rocket B-600 — the index 4K90.
The Council of Ministers № 561-233 of June 21, 1961 to engage targets that fly at altitudes of more than 10 thousand square meters, started work on a missile B-601, destined for the land of S-125. In 1964, after a series of tests in a rocket-601 (ind 4K91) have adopted ST. In the same year, in a rocket-601 decided to equip the complex M-1. During the 1967 missile B-601 received first 7 ships.
When the chelate upgrade anti-aircraft missile system major improvements concerned themselves anti-aircraft missiles, and equipment management. In the range of the missile-601 dahlias title "Wave-M", B-601M — "Wave-H", with the B-611 — "The Wave-11", with enhanced noise immunity — "Wave-P." SAM "Wave-P" had adopted in 1976 Immunity "Wave-P" is due to increased noise immunity radio control missile, also the introduction of optic-channel target tracking (9SHZZ) in the control system. "The Wave" in 1980. became known as the shock anti-aircraft missile system (UZRK), it permits rocket fire on surface targets.
The following year, when he got up the issue of protection of ships against low-flying anti-ship missiles, had another modernization of the complex ("Wave-N"), in which were used in the rocket-601M. Upgraded systems to provide, hitting targets at a height of 3 to 5 m above the crest of the wave.
The complex M-1, despite the presence of some shortcomings, on the whole was a success and received wide distribution in the Russian Navy, and to this day is in service.
The composition of the universal missile complex M-Wave 1
Launchers were located on the roof of the superstructure in the nose (52.5-th frame) and stern (204,5 th frame). Installation ZIF-101 was an open, paired, stable tumbovuyu lower suspension setting with a 2-missiles in 2-rail supports. Cellars rocket ammo (№ 8 — stern and number 4 — bow) with drum storage system had a pair of vertical drum to 8 missiles (anti-aircraft missiles) each. The missile was supplied to the line loading rotation of 45 ° drum and mechanical loading produced a chain rammer-pusher. The functioning of the launcher provides remote control and the electric power-driven ESP-101. Standard equipment rocket cellars — one study and 15 missiles. Batch creation launcher ZIF-101 established in Volgograd at the "Barricade".
Just behind the launcher ZIF-101 did paired installation ZIF-102. The main difference between the newest launcher system used was to supply missiles — instead of a drum used conveyor feed. As a result, one launcher ammunition has increased up to 32 missiles.
Total missile system M-1 with launchers ZIF-20, 101 armed ships of project 61, 61M, and 61MP (1 for Poland) 4 craft project 58; 1 Project 56K, 8 Project 56A, 5 ships of the project 61ME (for export to India) . M-1 complex with launchers ZIF-102 were equipped four ships of project 1134, 3 ship project 56U, 8 Project 57A ships.
B-600, and its later variants — two-stage missile with a gunpowder engine, made by the aerodynamic configuration "duck." The first stage supplied with 4 stabilizers, pull-down after the start, and the powder jet engine PRD-36. The engine is equipped with 14 cylindrical gunpowder drafts (made of gunpowder NMF-WC) with a total weight of 280 kg. The engine is the second stage — the 125-pound block of gunpowder HM 4Sh. High-explosive warhead 4G-ready equip 90 submunitions. Total weight of the warhead — 60 pounds, of which 32-33 kg — weight of the alloy of TNT and RDX. Radio controlled fuses "Strait" (ind 5E15) operates on slips of 58 meters. Warhead 4D-90 provides 3560 — 3570 fragments, the average mass of about 5.4 g. Response time self-killer — 26 seconds.
B-601 missiles from the B-600 differed only by the design propulsion motor. In addition, rocket was the latest warhead. In marching engine installed brand new 150-pound block of gunpowder "301". Latest warhead 5B18 developed by NII-6. During the test, it gave 4,500 fragments weighing 4.72 — 4.79 years. Often provides the latest combat engagement of targets on Oversight of 20 meters with a probability of 0.75 — 0.90; slip on 25-47 meters — 0.6. To install the B-601 launcher ZIF-101 is required to finalize the marching mount rocket. In addition, the modernization of the control system was subjected to "Scimitar".
When launching rockets starting (first) stage operates in about 5 seconds, developing a thrust of 30 t; traction (second) — about 22 seconds, building pull 3 tons
Method Guidance — average straightening and covering. When firing at low-flying targets to these methods is added pointing the way "Hill".
Fire control system "Scimitar" SRI has developed a 10-SERC, hardware drives the antenna post — CRI-173. "Scimitar" is the totality of devices and devices that provide reception and target acquisition radar of the ship, tracking missiles and target on-line movement, the pre-start preparation and launch of missiles, missile production control commands. Homing missiles performed along the line of the radar until the operation of the radar fuze. Shortcomings of the radio command system is a single channel and a sharp decrease in accuracy with increasing distance.
Each antenna post "Scimitar" had 5 antennas. With 2 small antennas implemented so called "rough" aiming missiles, one antenna worked as a radio operator commands, and was accompanied by two huge aerial target and printing the missile with greater accuracy. Prior to the defeat of the first objective the fight against these
goals is impossible.
Testing and operation of the universal missile complex M-Wave 1
LOM M-1 "Wave" ahead of deadlines for the lead ship of the project 61 serial number 1701 (MRS-25, "Komsomolets of Ukraine" from 09.10.62) — the therefore the decree of the Council of Ministers of the USSR number 2110 of July 30, 1959 joint tests of M-1 was moved to missile ship "Bravo" Project 56K. Tests conducted in two steps — first from 05 January to 12 March 1962, the second from March 12 to April 30, 1962 During the tests, it was noted that the output of "Scimitar" of the situation requires cool 5 minutes. , the range of target tracking is 42 kilometers from the capture probability 0.50 and 36 km with a probability of 0.8. The limits of the range — 15 km, the response time self-killer missiles — 26 seconds.
During the test, the complex was shot down 6 aircraft target MiG-15M, which moved at an altitude of between 600 and 10,000 m, slips missiles at all it was 9 — 48 am on the views of the Commission, the ability to hit a target at 40 meters of slip is 0.4 — 0.6, and 20 m miss — 0.9. With the help of the complex M-1 could be destroyed target, soaring at a rate of 600 meters per second. The target can maneuver with congestion 3 — 4 g at an altitude of up to 4 thousand meters, and 2 — 3 g — at a great height. A speed of the ship at start can be up to 36 knots. Shooting with "Bravo" at surface targets was performed.
The complex M-1 on the results of tests on the "Bravo" to recommend the adoption.
The performance properties of the universal missile complex M-Wave 1:
Rocket "B-600" / "B-601":
Length 5885 mm mm/5948;
The diameter of the first stage -/552 mm;
The diameter of the second stage -/379 mm;
Starting weight 923 kg/980 kg;
Warhead weight 60 kg/72 kg;
Airspeed 600/730 m / s;
Maximum height of fire 10 km / 14 miles;
Low height of fire of 100 m / 100 m;
Most slant range of 15 km / 22 miles;
Small downrange 4 km;
Highest speed target 600/700 m / c
Rate 1 volley — 50;
The angle of the horizontal guidance — 330 deg.;
The vertical guidance — from -10 to +95 deg.;
Traversing speed — 40 degrees / s;
The rate of vertical guidance — 30 deg / s;
Please the loading — 90 deg.;
The distance between the axes of the launcher — 3500 mm;
The length of the path of the yoke anti-aircraft guided missiles on the guide at the start — 1000 mm;
The height of the fire lane at an angle of 0 degrees. — 2300 mm;
Height without stabilization:
— at an angle 83 ° — 4760 mm;
— at an angle 0 ° — 3380 mm;
Height with Stabilization:
— at an angle 83 ° — 5390 mm;
— at an angle 0 ° — 4060 mm;
Radius obmetaniya on front-end:
— guided missiles — 5670 mm;
— without a guided missile — 3800 mm;
Radius obmetaniya to rear:
— guided missiles — 2820mm;
— without a guided missile — 2050 mm;
— drum speed — 6 deg / c;
— vertical feed path guided missiles — 8010 mm;
— the feed rate of guided missiles — 1.4 m / c;
Dimensions of the cellar:
— width — 5.2 m;
— length — 10.5 m;
— height — 7 m