Somnology — a branch of medicine and neuroscience, dedicated to research of sleep, sleep disorders, their treatment and the effect on human health.
In addition to the direct sleep disorders somnology also exploring the features and diseases that can develop in a dream — one and the samedisease and could make his debut in the waking state and during sleep. Doctors noticed that the disease developing in a dream occur, tend to be heavier. This applies to strokes, heart attacks, asthma attacks, headaches.
Somnology today — one of the fastest growing medical specialties. Patriotic somnology began with the fact that in 1968 under the leadership of Alexander M. Wayne was first documented polygraph sleep, that is, written necessary objective data to decipher the structure of human sleep. Currently, Russia only a few clinics involved recording of sleep, which is not enough — in fact in the U.S., for example, more than 600 somnologicheskih centers in France — more than a hundred.
Causes of sleep disorders are varied — stress, emotional imbalance, nervous and mental diseases, intoxications (especially alcoholism, drug addiction), disturbances of the heart, breathing, etc., caused by them sleep disorders can lead to high blood pressure, headache, disturbance of potency, poor memory, and even sudden death during sleep.
Often, the patient comes with a complaint of poor sleep, but on examination it turns out that it is notdisease was the cause of poor sleep, but rather sleep causes pain. For example, the reason for such deviations as sleepwalking, snogovorenie, teeth grinding, enuresis, can often be excessively deep sleep or, on the contrary, not deep enough.
Objective sleep study done by polysomnography using specific computer systems with videomonitorirovaniem. While man sleeping with the equipment recorded the various indicators that are placed on your computer. After all parameters are recorded, data processing begins. Ultimately built curve, which is called hypnogram. It gives an indication of the structure of sleep, the quality and quantity of its stages and phases of the individual.
For example, a patient complains that it is not sleeping. But on examination it turns out that man asleep, sometimes even eight o'clock, but does not realize his dream, that is, to him violated the perception of sleep.
In order to correct sleep disorders are primarily used pharmacological methods of correction. Now there are enough good drugs. They practically do not cause a negative effect, which often generated by conventional hypnotic drugs, and a little break breathing during sleep.
There are also non-drug treatments — psychotherapy, acupuncture, physical therapy, phototherapy (treatment with bright white light). Last method very interesting, because along with high efficiency it is perfectly safe. Phototherapy is appointed, usually in the morning, but if there is a need for an active night activity, phototherapy, and spend the evening, for example, medical staff before night duty.
One more effective method of dealing with sleep disorders is the "Music of the brain." The gist of it is that the human brain waves transform into music. It is recorded on an audio tape or CD, the patient listens to the individual instructions.
People with persistent sleep disorders can not be self-medicate. In the case of overvoltage stress man can