What happens to the body during starvation

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Following the example of Paul Bragg of starvation now except for a miracle to say is not accepted. "And the weight loss and cleansing, and, in addition, the recovery of the body and the soul all this can give you is fasting, the ancient method of self-healing, granted to us by nature …"— This is a quote from a stream of improving literature.

However, those who have already tried fasting on himself, say not unambiguous results from the use of this magic bullet. After significant weight loss weight not only quickly returned to the original values, but almost always increases.

The saddest syndrome awaits the hungry at the stage of so-called ketoacidosis, when an overall blue-greenene complexion of his mouth comes a disgusting smell of acetone, the head breaks from the pain, urine like dishwater and there are other unpleasant symptoms which are in books on fasting are considered not only as testimony began the process of purification. "All of this mud,— Persistently repeated authors of books on therapeutic fasting — are the very toxins that have accumulated in your body, bones and fats, and only that, waiting as you begin to complete cleansing by starvation and other methods of healing the body ". In other words, try to convince us that these mythical endless toxins somewhere hiding in the recesses of our body is intoxicated BEFORE cleansing fasting.

What happens to the body?

Consider what is happening in our long-suffering body in full starvation when the body does not receive any food: no protein, no fat or carbohydrates, and only the water in unlimited quantities. Sometimes the water does not flow, if it is a so-called dry fasting. This means that the body has onsome, Fortunately, limited time to meet their domestic needs for energy sources from its own internal resources. Just because there is no place to take them anymore.

To date, three major known substrate for current maintenance of metabolic processes in our body under normal conditions. Thissugar as glucose, fats in the form of fatty acids and so called ketone bodies.

Some authorities are able to use all three types of fuel for their livelihoods. However, for example, nerve cells can operate only on glucose but die in its shortage, and is not known to be restored. That's why some constant level of blood sugar is always maintained in all possible ways. In the first place, our organism does not allow the lowering of blood glucose level, the state that the doctor is called hypoglycemia (lit.: low blood glucose), since speaking medical terms, this may be incompatible with life.

In the absence of any food was, the level of sugar in the blood is markedly reduced. Drastically reducing sugar can be, for example, intramuscular injection and insulin. With an overdose of insulin in the blood sugar level drops so that the patient who falls into a hypoglycemic (near-death), and nerve cells, losing their main food (glucose), are killed. Accordingly, our body is designed so that it is dominated by factors that raise blood sugar level.

The first and easiest way to increase the level of sugar in the blood is the immediate satisfaction of the increasing appetite, which, in fact, occur immediately in response to a decrease in blood glucose levels. If you eat well and do not work, keep the concentration of blood sugar at a relatively constant level, possibly at the expense of glycogen (glycogenolysis). At least as long as glycogen in the liver and muscles run out, which occurs at approximately one day.

Periods of forced or voluntary interruption of food for a longer time than a day, and actually called fasting for health. In this situation, the body begins to produce glucose from non-carbohydrate components, starting a process called gluconeogenesis, or a new (neo-) formation (genesis), glucose (glucose-). This is the third and last method of increasing blood glucose levels. The process is started and controlled by hormones of adrenal glucocorticoid (Gluco — glucose, cortico — adrenal cortex).

According to current scientific understanding, in the human body is used, at least three kinds of raw materials for gluconeogenesis.

  • Products of incomplete combustion most of glucose (eg, lactate, or, in other words, a well-known athletes lactic acid), from which you can get re-glucose. However, in the case of prolonged fasting count on this stuff is hardly necessary.
  • Glucose can be obtained from glycerol which is a part of fat. However, glycerol is a small fraction of what is produced in the splitting of fats. Mainly due to lipolysis, different fatty acids of which have no glucose (at least in humans) did not receive.
  • Finally, the raw material for the production of glucose are proteins. Specifically, a set of so-called 10 glycogenic amino acids (of which it is possible to obtain glucose). In fact, it gluconeogenesis from amino acids support level glucose during fasting, which may result in undesirable effects are extremely close, which through ignorance or deliberately concealed by the propagandists miracle of fasting.

So where do all these above "toxins"? The fact is that they exist, not before, appear directly during fasting, as a by-product of non-core processes of the body to produce large amounts of glucose in the tissues of the body. And no relation to the pollution of the body do not have.

Of this error is the idea that a prolonged fasting during cleans the cells from toxins. This is misleading. Human organism never accumulates in the cells of metabolic products, ie the slag, they immediately pass into theblood and removed liver or kidney cells. Herewith a surprising constancy of the internal environment of the body responsible for the process of the system have a large margin of safety. As a result, even significant deviations in the diet does not lead to significant changes in the chemical composition of the cell. Therefore, fasting is not clear the body of toxins, for the simple reason that they do not exist.

According to modern concepts, starvation rather generall therapeutic approach aimed at mobilizing the body's defenses by the overall stress on the body, which occurs during prolonged starvation. However, not every body can withstand this stress.

Even if you think that starvation will bring you more good than harm yet do not rush. For a start, consult your doctor which has been treating your chronic conditions (if any). If you are basically healthy, visit a nutritionist, and a better (because in this case, you can make up your own idea about fasting).

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