Each of us probably agree that one of the most unpleasant symptoms of the common cold is a cough. First, it is often painful. Second, it interferes with normal physical activity, long lingering cough literally exhausting. Third, it gives a psychological discomfort a person — unpredictable loud coughing fit during a workshop, lecture or lesson at school attracts attention and makes you feel uncomfortable.
Not surprisingly, the man who tormented cough more than a few days, ready to buy any cough medicine that will advise him. Forgetting or not knowing that causes coughing are different, and therefore treat this unpleasant condition to be different, depending on what exactly was the cause. This does not mean that all give bad advice, though, before you buy cough medicine, it is best to find out what it is called.
What causes a cough?
Cough — This is a knee-jerk reaction of the body that occurs when the airways are irritated by the action of various factors — it could be dust, foreign bodies, sputum, inflammation as a result of the activity of viruses and bacteria. In response to the irritation of the mucous membranes of the respiratory tract and triggers the cough reflex.
Therefore, cough should not be regarded as a disease, it's just a symptom of a respiratory disease — acute respiratory infections, pneumonia, bronchitis, laryngitis, tracheitis, and even whooping cough.
It would seem to distinguish cough laryngitis cough in pneumonia is not possible, but it is not. Each of these diseases has cough features:
- rude "barking" cough, which accompanied by hoarseness is most typical of laryngitis;
- if during coughing appears unpleasant burning sensation or pain in the chest, then most likely it is a manifestation of tracheitis;
- cough at which departs purulent (green-yellow, or gray, odor) sputum is most typical of pneumonia (pneumonia), or bronchitis;
Therefore, if you have a cough, do not rush to self-medicate, it is better to consult the beginning of their primary care physician.
Special mention deserve these types of cough as a cough in whooping cough and the "morning smoker's cough."
For the first is characterized by long bouts of weak cough that does not cropped — the fact that the causative agent of whooping cough acts directly on the epithelium of the upper respiratory tract, thereby constantly irritating it, which causes coughing.
As morning cough smoker is a characteristic feature of chronic bronchitis smoker. It is manifested morning coughing spells that start immediately after getting out of bed and are accompanied by expectoration of viscous mucus.
Why is the "dry" and "wet"?
Quite simply, the wet — he's productive, it's a cough that is accompanied by sputum, dry — non-productive cough is a cough without phlegm.
Which is more dangerous cough and how to fight it?
Cough — though is an unpleasant symptom, but is much more useful than dry, because the accumulating during illness phlegm from the respiratory tract must be evacuated, and that the body makes. The fact that with the expectoration removed and microorganisms contained therein, and dead white blood cells, which contributes to the healing and reduce the risk of complications. If the body itself can not completely evacuate phlegm, then to help him come mucolytic and expectorant drugs that reduce the viscosity of the mucus and facilitate the early discharge of her.
As for dry cough, then it is a symptom rather harrowing and unpleasant. The attack of dry cough does not bring any relief to man, but only tired of it. Additionally, multiple dry cough attacks only further irritate the respiratory tract, which in turn leads to frequent coughing (or even unpleasant complications such as rupture mucosa). Therefore, such a cough must be controlled.
The most effective treatment for dry cough are centrally acting agents. Which does not affect the function of the ciliary epithelium and the viscosity of the mucus, but directly on the cough center in the brain. All these drugs belong to one of two groups — narcotic and non-narcotic.
Narcotic drugs, despite its high efficacy against dry cough have a significant disadvantage — almost all of them contain codeine. Codeine is a substance from the group of opiates which, moreover, it has a fairly large number of side effects, even addictive.
In recent years, replaced codeine-containing narcotic drugs come centrally acting antitussive drugs, for instance, this is such a drug as "Sinekod." Its name comes from the Latin "without codeine."
Also, as codeine-containing drugs "Sinekod" acts directly on the cough center of the brain, but unlike codeine it lacks some drawbacks. "Sinekod" does not depress respiration, non-addictive and has no effect on motility. At the same time, due to the modern active substance (butamirata citrate) on the effectiveness of "Sinekod" is not inferior to codeine-containing drugs. After all, "Sinekod" struggling with bouts of dry cough from the first application.
The drug has side effects and contraindications to its use, you must consult your doctor.
The registration certificate:
Syrup T number 011631/01 of 10.03.2006
Drops F number 011631/02 of 10.03.2006