What we know of the prostate?

What we know of the prostate?  Photo from www.sciencephoto.com

Prostatitis— Inflammatory Disease prostate.Is the most common inflammatory disease of the sexual organs of men of working age. Prostatitis can be acute, chronic, and in a separate group of isolated chronic pelvic pain syndrome.

Causes

Supercooling has always been and will be one of the precipitating factors of the inflammatory process, especially when the body is already foci of chronic infection. Inflammatory disease of the bladder, urethra, reducing the body's defenses as a whole, and local immunity in particular give rise to inflammation of the prostate gland. Perhaps the development of acute prostatitis at a constant bladder catheterization, because in these conditions significantly increases the risk of urinary tract infections (cystitis, urethritis).

What is shown?

Acute prostatitis may be suspected on the basis of the following complaints:

  • intense pain in the sacrum, perineum, suprapubic region;
  • burning sensation in the urethra;
  • frequent and painful urination;
  • painful defecation;
  • urinary retention, and constipation;
  • fever up to38-38,50.

Chronic prostatitis may be asymptomatic and are diagnosed by chance, for example, during the passage of medical examination found the bacteria in the urine. For chronic prostatitis is accompanied by periods of exacerbation and remission (remitting inflammatory process). During an exacerbation, patients complain of painful and frequent urination, pain in the perineum, sometimes fever. Manifested exacerbation of chronic prostatitis as well as acute prostatitis. During remission (stihanii inflammation) patients no complaints.

Chronic pelvic pain has the same symptoms as any other prostatitis, but in spite of the typical complaints, a secret agent prostate not determined. And depending on whether or not there leukocytes (leukocytes — a protective cells of the body), inflammatory and non-isolated form of chronic pelvic pain.

Complications of prostatitis:

  • potency disorders;
  • urinary tract infection;
  • prostatic abscess formation;
  • infertility.

Diagnostics

Diagnosis of prostatitis is established on the basis of the patient's complaints, rectal digital examination of prostate. In acute prostatitis, prostate gland increased dramatically painful has an uneven surface.

Urinalysis appear bacteria and white blood cells can be detected in blood in the urine. Be sure to research conducted urine sediment and secretion of the prostate. Performed ultrasound of the prostate.

For the diagnosis of chronic prostatitis in addition to all the above methods is used chetyrehstakannaya sample, due to a possible lack of pathogen in normal urine. To investigate this four urine, one of which after prostate massage, revealed a large number of bacteria.

Treatment

Treatment of prostatitis is a hard and long. This is due to the blood supply of the prostate and the location of the agent in the prostate gland, because not all drugs can quite easily penetrate tissues prostate, especially if the process was delayed and became chronic.

Used for the treatment of prostatitis:

  • antimicrobials;
  • anti-inflammatory;
  • analgesics;
  • laxatives.

Treatment is usually long and may continue to3-4 months.

Prophylaxis

First of all, all men may be advisable to pay more attention to their health, personal hygiene, avoid hypothermia and unprotected sex regularly consult a urologist for a checkup, and, in the case of chronic prostatitis, perform all of the recommendations urologist for the prevention of exacerbations and complications.

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