Spiritual and physical perfection of yoga reach a high level of consciousness.
Yoga originated in the Indus Valley (in Pakistan), about 5,000 years ago. The earliest mention of the doctrine of yoga are in the "Vedas" — first Hindu scriptures, dating back 1500-1200 years. BC "Upanishads", written between 800 and 500 years. BC, developing the idea of "Vedas".
They provide a deeper look at the theory and practice of classical yoga. In the II. BC Indian philosopher Patanjali codified philosophical core of Yoga "Yoga Sutras".
The path of yoga. Over the centuries, yoga (the word comes from the Sanskrit word "uij" which means "to unite") has evolved in different ways. It is best known in the West, hatha yoga. It teaches you how to control the power of the mind over the body.
There are other areas of yoga: Karma yoga teaches selflessness, jnana yoga with intelligence preaches renunciation of the material world of subordination, bhakti yoga is focused on devotion and love Kundalini yoga aims to take up the cosmic energy, the purpose of tantra yoga — to transform and sublimate the sexual energy.
The most revered of Raja Yoga focuses on the development of the mind through concentration and meditation, including eight degrees of perfection.
In the first two stages — yama and niyama — individuals learn strict commandments unselfishness, purity, moral behavior, physical poses next stage — asanas — train control body over mind. In the fourth stage, the person seeking to learn yoga breathing technique realizes — pranayama — in order to control the right well — energy, revitalizing the body. Fifth stage — pratyahara — develops inner vision and the ability to be distracted by external stimuli. The sixth stage of yoga — dharana — full concentration on one idea.
Reaching the seventh stage — dhyana, meditation masters student awareness and preparing for the transition to a higher level. One way to achieve this state — the repetition of a mantra, or a mystical formula. It is assumed that the vibrations of the mantras affect the seven chakras, funnels receivers psychic energy located along the spine and affect different parts of the nervous system. One chakra at the base of the spine is the seat of kundalini, the subtle energy centers. Kundalini symbolically represented as a small sleeping coiled snake.
When the Kundalini is awakened through meditation, it unfolds and rises through the other chakras in order to reach Mr. sahasra chakra at the crown of the head. On this last stage — samadhi — the individual self is dissolved, and the student learns that the yoga teacher Swami Vivekananda put it, "The mind itself has a higher stage of existence, beyond reason — the stage supersoznaniya … Here I do not feel, but the consciousness continues to work, free from desires and vanities of the world, free from the shackles of the body. "
Sages and prophets — those who managed to reach the stage of samadhi, usually devote their lives to the fact that share a spiritual experience. Sri Ramakrishna (1836-1886) was one of the first teachers of Yoga, which drew the attention of the West. Listen to his disciple Swami Vivekananda (18b3-1902), when he traveled to England and the U.S., crowds. Sri Aurobindo (1872-1950) created a strong bridge between the Hindu tradition and Western philosophy and science by developing a synthesis of the main paths of yoga.
Some believe that the technique of yoga can increase the physical capacity, which helps Yogis perform levitation, telepathy, become invisible. But the sages say that this is just a side-achievements, which can even become an obstacle to the promotion of the ultimate goal — inner peace and enlightenment.
Category: People, psychology, health