Acute pharyngitis

strep throat


Sharp pharyngitis — is an acute inflammation of the mucous membrane of the larynx, it may develop as an independent disease, but most of this type of pathology of the upper respiratory tract occurs against a background of acute respiratory infections (ARI). Sharp pharyngitis is virus (70%) and bacterial (30%).

Bacterial pathogens of acute pharyngitis:

  • β-hemolytic Streptococcus group A
  • gonorrhea,
  • diphtheria bacillus,
  • Haemophilus influenzae (Haemophilus Flu)
  • bacteria Moraxella (Branhametla) catarrhal — Representatives of the normal microflora of the upper respiratory tract,
  • ctreptokokki groups C and J (rare).

Causative agents of acute viral pharyngitis:

  • adenoviruses
  • rhinoviruses,
  • parainfluenza viruses,
  • Coxsackie viruses and ECHO,
  • coronaviruses,
  • virus Epstein-Barr virus,
  • cytomegalovirus.

Factors contributing to the development of acute pharyngitis:

  • hypothermia,
  • allergic reactions
  • air pollution,
  • smoking,
  • alcohol abuse,
  • common infectious diseases and immunodeficiencies,
  • renal disease, blood.


  • dry mouth, cough, scratchy, foreign body sensation or lump in the throat,
  • sore throat is more pronounced if swallowed saliva than food, sometimes giving in the ears,
  • sudden redness and swelling of the mucous membrane of the posterior pharyngeal wall, palatine arches and soft palate — their surface looks like patent,
  • separate enlarged lymph follicles,
  • mucus production increased mucous glands,
  • malaise, weakness,
  • headache,
  • lack of appetite,
  • a slight increase in body temperature (not always).

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