Sharp pharyngitis — is an acute inflammation of the mucous membrane of the larynx, it may develop as an independent disease, but most of this type of pathology of the upper respiratory tract occurs against a background of acute respiratory infections (ARI). Sharp pharyngitis is virus (70%) and bacterial (30%).
Bacterial pathogens of acute pharyngitis:
- β-hemolytic Streptococcus group A
- diphtheria bacillus,
- Haemophilus influenzae (Haemophilus Flu)
- bacteria Moraxella (Branhametla) catarrhal — Representatives of the normal microflora of the upper respiratory tract,
- ctreptokokki groups C and J (rare).
Causative agents of acute viral pharyngitis:
- parainfluenza viruses,
- Coxsackie viruses and ECHO,
- virus Epstein-Barr virus,
Factors contributing to the development of acute pharyngitis:
- allergic reactions
- air pollution,
- alcohol abuse,
- common infectious diseases and immunodeficiencies,
- renal disease, blood.
- dry mouth, cough, scratchy, foreign body sensation or lump in the throat,
- sore throat is more pronounced if swallowed saliva than food, sometimes giving in the ears,
- sudden redness and swelling of the mucous membrane of the posterior pharyngeal wall, palatine arches and soft palate — their surface looks like patent,
- separate enlarged lymph follicles,
- mucus production increased mucous glands,
- malaise, weakness,
- lack of appetite,
- a slight increase in body temperature (not always).