Continuing the theme of "black myth" of the Russian Federation, it should be the brakes on the topic "Russian slavery", "oppression", "long-suffering" of the people. Let us examine one of the most massive pillars of the myth — "serfdom". In 2005 was opened in Moscow monument to Alexander II, on it were written the following words: "Cancelled in 1861 Serfdom right and freed millions of farmers from years of slavery. "
The idea of "centuries of slavery" — is at least a bug — or rather disinformation. In 1-x, serfdom system, which provided national security, the independence of the country. Russia-Russia lived in the criteria of constant wars, one OUTDOOR anger followed another. Reflection of the enemy intrusion led to the need for large military expenditures, which the municipal coffers without the help of others could not pull. As a result, the system was invented, when the population was pulling the strap sovereign Service (inverse), and the other part was carrying the tax — the helm of the landowners and supported by the product of their labor government. Almost peasantry contained landlords and nobles served the state, had to perform military service, shed blood and sweat at the first call Sudar. In fact, the "serfs" (not absolutely free) and were landowners and farmers. According to another in that period of history, in the reality of constant external military aggression, would not survive, neither the government nor the landowners nor the working people. Serfdom in RF was desired form of social existence in the criteria constant geopolitical tension. It may be that if Russia does not have to constantly reflect pressure from the south-east and the west, it would not have appeared.
In this repression for refusing to serve was tough enough. The ruler of Peter I could ever deprive the estate of a nobleman. Right up to 1754, aristocratic youth for failing to fit the imperial military service exiled to ordinary soldiers or sailors. So Makar, serfdom in RF Slavery was not in the full sense of the word, when a person from one part of society is the property, "a talking instrument" representative of the other part of society. Documented cases of nobles punished for murder or mutilation of farmers.
In-2, in Russia was not "centuries of slavery", traditional serfdom right, we know from the Russian literature of the 19th century, there was only in 1762. This year has been issued a manifesto on freedom of the nobility ("The granting of liberty and freedom around the Russian nobility"). It was signed at the time of its own non-long reign of Peter III and approved in 1785, Catherine II — «Charter to the Nobility in 1785." Under this law, for the first time in the history of RF nobility was released from 25 years of mandatory civilian or military service could retire before the end of this period, and seamlessly move abroad. Left with only one restriction — the nobles had to serve in the armed forces during the war, why vorachivatsya the Russian Empire had under threat of confiscation earth possessions. Specifically, with still serfdom has lost its significance, because the nobles were released from service to the state, and not serfs. Part of the nobility become parasitic on the peasants and the state of the class (the part because other honestly carrying strap sovereign Service).
In the end, serfdom right, as a backward relic lasted least 100 years (1762-1861 years).
B-3, one can not say about the bias of Russian historiography, which is talking about the "curse of the tsars" in every possible way to exaggerate. In addition, the percentage of the serfs in the 19th century, is constantly decreasing (especially strong decrease happened during the reign of Nicholas). So, for the 10th revision in 1858 fraction of the serfs throughout the population of the Russian Empire fell to 37%. In some lands serfs did not exist — in Estland, Courland, Livonia (Baltic provinces), in the Land of Black troops in the Maritime region, and the region of Semipalatinsk region Siberian Kirghiz, in Derbent province (with the littoral boundary) in Erivan, Arkhangelsk and Shemakhi provinces, and the Trans-Baikal regions of Yakutia. In almost all provinces, the percentage of the serfs was very low.
As already mentioned, the serfs were not "speaking tools". This is the fact of states of the "serfs millionaires" — farmers were richer than their own owners.
B-4, Westerners should not blame Russia "slavery." Representatives of the "enlightened Europe" for centuries without remorse used the true, traditional slavery, when people are converted to the "personal property". In the slaves were turned into nations and tribes in the Americas, Africa, organized hunting feral people, Europeans were killed during capture and transport of "live goods" millions and millions of people. Millions more have been tortured, killed my hard labor and starvation on the plantations. In Russia itself has never been. Slavery it was sickening to the deepest qualities of the Russian character.
To conclude the paper, you can remember about the 10 framework of Russian riots, insurrections, peasant wars of the population responded to the "excesses" of the management body. It is necessary to note the fact that the "slaves" would never have to defend the "slave owners" and the slave government. The Russian people did not once showed his will to resist and the independence criteria in the most violent intruders.