Ernesto Che Guevara — a truly majestic personality, surrounded by an endless halo of romance, whose image has become one of the symbols of the 20th century. The figure of Che Guevara's remains own attractive romanticism as Comandante not reveled in his own power and popularity, was totally honest with people and piously believed in it, believed in it.
Comandante Che, as it is called in my own way former colleagues and millions of fans around the world, was not only a "practice" fighter-partisan, as he is used to build mass, and real thoughts Marxist theorist, almost everything changed the nature and direction of the world socialist movement. Che Guevara is an icon of the municipal scale in Bolivia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Argentina, Cuba — countries building socialism, which dreamed Comandante.
Ernesto Raphael Guevara Lynch de la Serna was born June 14, 1928 in the town of Rosario, in Argentina. It is clear that the future of fire with revolutionary youth suffered the heaviest form of asthma that is not in the least formed character, tempered young man and forced to overcome difficulties and live contrary. After school, the future idol of millions decided become doctor and entered the medical faculty of the Institute of Buenos Aires, where he began his public activities, joining the ranks of the student organization that opposed the then government under the control of Juan Peron.
The young man led an active life, traveling to Latin America on a bike. Trip made by him together with a friend in 1953, had a decisive effect on the eyes of Ernesto. Visiting Peru, Ecuador, Venezuela and Guatemala, he wrote his famous "The Motorcycle Diaries" which then dubbed the Latin American "Capital".
In 1955, Che Guevara met Fidel and Raul Castro. Conversations with Cuban revolutionaries have impressed him so much that he decided to "die in a foreign beach for untainted ideals", joining the revolutionary movement. In 1956, Che Guevara arrived in Cuba and began a guerrilla war in the Sierra Maestra. In 1959, he triumphantly entered Havana, taking a specific role in the overthrow of the government of Fulgencio Batista.
In a brand new government of Ernesto Che Guevara became chief of the militia, and later director of the Institute of the land reform, and in 1961 was appointed president of the State Bank and the Minister of Economy and Industry. Specifically, as the Minister visited the Russian Commander Alliance had agreed on the supply of Russian oil to Cuba, which was a big breakthrough for the economy of the Island of Freedom. In 1965, rejecting the measured life in power, he became the leader of a guerrilla war in the Republic of Congo, and according to unconfirmed reports, the Che Guevara story of the Angola, Vietnam and Laos.
After that, the famous Commander went to Bolivia to help bolster the local revolutionaries come to power, and is hence contribute to promoting the socialist revolution further to the south — in Argentina, Peru and Chile, and Paraguay, and Brazil. But this military campaign was disastrous end. In 1967, October 9, wounded Che Guevara was captured and executed on the following day. The remains are buried in the mausoleum of revolutionary in the town of Santa Clara, Cuba.
What is it that sought to Che Guevara? In what specifically did so piously believed? What is worth living?
He lived in a world where capitalism has struggled with socialism, but all this was not going to blindly follow any Yugoslav nor the Chinese, nor even the Russian model of socialism, which in the near future, still had to find a "human face" (the idea of building "socialism with a human face" in Eastern Europe, namely in Czechoslovakia, has appeared in the USSR after the death of Commander).
Che Guevara, in contrast to the Russian ideology of Marxism-Leninism, thought it necessary to preserve market relations. Socialism is based on the beliefs of Che Guevara suggests a strong government, protect their own people and their property belonging to each of them, and the means and across the country. The only condition for the creation of such a situation, according to the views of Che Guevara — the elimination of the very ability to suppress one of the (class) another part of the population (class). The revolutionary situation (readiness of the oppressed people to forcible action) is created when a peremptory elite force acts impartial complex circumstances, among which comes the real and personal intrigued, and the lack of rotation of bureaucracy, corruption and poor is not just lust, and not able to solve existing social prepyadstviya.
This definition of a revolutionary situation gets environment during the 10-state framework of the modern world. But the direct successors of Che Guevara we can safely call only a few. Specialists call such movement of landless rural workers in Brazil, the National Peasant Federation of Paraguay, the state of liberation Army Mexico, Bolivia Peasant Alliance, the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC), and peasant Federation in Ecuador and Guatemala.