Chlamydia

Chlamydia.  Photo from www.sciencephoto.com

What is it?

With the advent of accurate methods of diagnosing diseases scientists have made an important discovery: the culprit of female infertility and miscarriage in most cases is an intracellular parasite — Chlamydia (bacterium Chlamydia).

Chlamydia, or rather urogenital (genitourinary) include chlamydia to sexually transmitted diseases. It is an infectious disease in which chlamydia damage reproductive organs and the urinary tract of man.

Today chlamydia occur even more frequently than gonorrhea — Statistics from it suffers from 6 to 8% of the adult population. And in half of cases, the disease occurs in association with other sexually transmitted infections: trichomoniasis, bacterial vaginosis, or ureaplazmozom.

Particular deceit Chlamydia is that they are of different species. From each other Chlamydia differ only in specific structures on the surface of cells that help them adhere to a certain type of human cells. Depending of their designated Roman letters A, B, Ba, D-R, I-3. For example, chlamydia I-3 cause the tropical disease — lymphogranuloma venereum, the most studied chlamydia D-K— Affects the genitals, and still are chlamydia that cause trachoma — a serious eye disease.

Chlamydia trachomatis causes chlamydia D-K. She can live and actively proliferate within the human body, as well as the bad moves stay in the environment.

Chlamydia — One of the few sexually transmitted diseases that can be transmitted through casual: a handshake, cups, spoons, washcloths, towels and general underwear. The surest way to get infected — to have sex (genital, oral or anal) with the sick person. Pregnant women should be especially wary — of chlamydia are easily transmitted to the unborn baby.

What's going on?

In the first two or three weeks after infection, no disease symptoms are observed. The person feels healthy and full of energy. At this time, chlamydia incorporated into a new host cell and reproduce. After completion of the period of calm patients the first signs of chlamydia, but often disease asymptomatic.

Chlamydia infection in men:

  • in the morning appear glassy discharge from the urethra, the first drop of urine can be very muddy;
  • marked itching and burning sensation when urinating;
  • some men appear spotting after urination or ejaculation;
  • patients feel weakness, may be a little rise in temperature.

Chlamydia infection in women:

  • appear mucous discharge from the vagina, which differ from the normal odor or yellowish color;
  • marked itching and burning sensation when urinating;
  • there is a general weakness, occasional fever.

Even without treatment in a few weeks all of the above symptoms completely disappear. Thus he chlamydia does not disappear, but becomes chronic. Thus Chlamydia act on the immune system, on the one hand causing weakening it, and the other — as a tuning it against certain tissues. This may be damaged organs, joints and eyes.

In women, chlamydia cause inflammation of the fallopian tubes and peritoneal cavity. As a result, inflammation can develop adhesions and imperforate fallopian tubes. This leads to infertility.

Men Chlamydia can also cause infertility. Another complication of male chlamydia — an inflammation of the prostate (prostatitis).

Remember: Pregnant woman with chlamydia — a source of infection to the unborn child. Congenital malformations do not cause chlamydia, but they can damage internal organs (intestines, lungs), joints and eyes.

Diagnosis and treatment

Symptoms of chlamydia are very vague, so if any suspicious secretions immediately contact a doctor. Women should visit a gynecologist, men — urologist. In addition, it helps to consult dermatologist.

To avoid misdiagnosis to identify the infectious agent — chlamydia. Finding it difficult, then conventional smears and bacteriological sowing enough, require rather complex research: direct immunofluorescence (PIF) andDNA diagnosis (PCR).

Harder to get rid of Chlamydia than other disease-causing bacteria. These micro-organisms are able to adapt to drugs and hiding from them. However, it is necessary to treat chlamydia, and the sooner, the better. In addition to course of antibiotic treatment for chlamydia treatment includes immune modulators, multivitamins, normalization of lifestyle, diet, refusal of sexual activity during treatment.

Treatment have to be given to all partners. At the end of the course are conducted control analyzes. If chlamydia is detected, the analysis is carried out again in a month (for women — before menstruation). Only then can we talk about the effectiveness of the treatment.

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