Chronic gastritis: the causes and manifestations

Gastritis and gastro-

Gastritis — inflammation of the lining (inside) of the stomach. When inflammation of the duodenum becomes the so-called formed gastroduodenitis.

Gastritis and gastro — the most common diseases gastrointestinal tract. According to statistics, more than half of their sick adult population.


The main cause of gastritis currently considered infected bacterium Helicobacter Pylori (Helicobacter pylori). About 85% of cases of gastritis there is because of this.

Less frequent is the so-called autoimmune gastritis — When because of defect of immunity in the human form substances that damage his own stomach. Often this condition is accompanied by the development of B12-deficient anemia (decreased hemoglobin). In the development of this form of gastritis important role played by hereditary factors.

Chemical (bilious, reflux gastritis) associated with long-term exposure to toxic substances on the stomach. This form of gastritis occurs, for example, after surgery on the stomach (resection) — with a so-called duodeno-gastric reflux when bile is thrown out12 pestni gut (where it is produced) in the stomach. Bile contains bile acids and other components of the "corrosive" stomach — with extended its influence gastric mucosa is damaged and there is a gastritis.

In addition, chronic gastritis may occur with chronic administration of drugs — especially non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (eg, aspirin).

What's going on?

Become infected with bacteria Helicobacter Pylori, usually children and young people. Through utensils, hygiene items, not disinfected endoscope and even kisses — with food and saliva — the microbe enters the mouth, and then instomach. Bacteria produce a variety of substances, which allows it to survive in acidic environments and components, damaging stomach. After passing through a layer of protective mucus it is attached to the epithelial cells (the inner surface) of antral (border with12 duodenal intestine) of the stomach and begins to multiply, causing damage to the mucous membranes — gastritis. Over time, inflammation can spread to the12 duodenal gut — there is a gastro.

The first attack of the disease usually catches people off guard. Suddenly, for no reason, no reason (usually an empty stomach and at night) there are sharp cramping pain in the upper abdomen, nausea and sometimes vomiting. Gastritis patients may also torturing heartburn or "sour" belching, fullness and heaviness in the stomach, coated tongue, constipation.

In many cases, chronic gastritis associated withHelicobacter Pylori, goes unnoticed to the patient without causing any discomfort.

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