Chronicle of the Libyan war

The armed forces of the coalition of France, Britain and the United States, and their allies carried out an operation in Libya, trying to stop military actions against the forces of Muammar Gaddafi opposition. During March 19-20, 2011. coalition forces have caused several air and missile strikes on Libya terrain.

According to preliminary data, there are dead in the middle of the civilian population, destroyed buildings and roads. In response to the actions of Gaddafi coalition called on the people of their own country to take up a weapon against "new aggression of the Crusaders." In turn, the Western coalition forces claim to have finished fire if Gadhafi will end military action against the peaceful inhabitants.

The strength of "bluff"

Developments in Libya on global military scenario preceded actually reached a truce. March 18, 2011. Libyan Jamahiriya said that the resolution recognizes the N1973 UN Security Council on the situation in Libya, and adopted a declaration of cessation of all hostilities against the opposition. As the Minister of foreign affairs of Libya Musa Kusa, Tripoli is deeply interested in protecting the civilian population.

The resolution establishing the no-fly zone over Libya, giving the right to host international military air operations against the country. Post Gaddafi government to adopt a resolution, many experts dubbed less than a bluff. The validity of similar estimates has been proven in the afternoon on March 19 2011., When the TV channel Al-Jazeera said that Gaddafi's forces entered the opposition held city of Benghazi, the center of which is subjected to massive artillery bombardment.

In response to the unfolding action in Paris convened an emergency summit with the role of Secretary of State, the President of France and the British Prime Minister, Governors and the League of Arab States and a number of Arab states. Following the summit, French President Nicolas Sarkozy announced the beginning of "harsh" of military operations in Libya. On his own accession to the operation said England, Canada and the United States, members of the Arab League. "Today we begin the operation in Libya under the UN mandate," — said the summit Sarkozy. With all of this, he said that Gaddafi has shown utter disregard for the requirements of the international community. "Breaking a promise to end the violence, the government of Libya has left the international community little choice except to start a direct and decisive action," — said the French favorite.

Sarkozy also confirmed unofficial information that the French spy planes entered Libyan air space, over proparhali bastions of Gadhafi's forces in Benghazi, the rebels defended. Around this time, the Italian military planes began reconnaissance flights over Libya, joining the French fighter. Air strikes on Libya were to follow later. With all this Sarkozy reported that a military operation against the forces of the Jamahiriya can be stopped at any moment, if the Libyan government troops have finished the violence. But the words of the French president could not suspend the forces of Colonel Gaddafi. During the March 19 of Benghazi and other cities in eastern Libya, there were reports that his forces are ill coming to the opposition, using artillery and armored vehicles.

The beginning of the military operation

The first air strike on the Libyan military vehicles was struck French aviation at 19:45 MSK 19 March 2011. Especially was the start of the military operation, which has received the title of Odyssey Dawn («Home Odyssey" or "The Odyssey. Daybreak"). As said at the official dealer of the armed forces of France, in the operation to contain the forces favorite Jamahiriya attended by about 20 aircraft. Their actions were limited to the 150-kilometer zone around Benghazi, where the opposition is based. It was planned that on March 20 2011. go to the coast of Libya, the French aircraft carrier Charles de Gaulle («Charles de Gaulle"). Soon to military action in the Arab country joined the United States. Washington's willingness to participate in the operation was confirmed by President Barack Obama. Around 22:00 MSK on March 19, the South American military fired more than 110 missiles "Tomahawk" in the direction of Libya. Attack targets also led British submarines. According to the U.S. military command, the morning of March 20 in the Mediterranean Sea were 25 coalition warships, including three submarines. With all of this U.S. military aircraft over the territory of Libya was not.

Besides the U.S., France, Britain and Canada, have entered into a coalition, a willingness to join the security operation civilian population of Libya expressed Qatar, Belgium, Netherlands, Denmark, Norway. Italy has offered to make the center of the coordination of military operations in Libya on NATO base in Naples.

The scale of "Odyssey"

According to U.S. military commanders disk imaging, missiles "Tomahawk" struck 20 military facilities, such as storage of missiles "ground-to-air." Was shelled the cities of Tripoli, Zuwarah, Misrata, Sirte and Benghazi. Namely, the air base was attacked Bab al-Aziz near Tripoli, which is considered the main headquarters of Gadhafi. According to several Western media, the Libyan air defense system has suffered "substantial damage".

At the same time, the Libyan government media reported that the coalition forces fired a number of civilian objects, namely health center in Tripoli and fuel storage around Tripoli and Misrata. According to the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, during the air raids on Libya had suffered strokes, including the disposition of non-military targets in the towns of Tripoli, tarragon Maamura, Zhmeyl. As a result, as reported on March 20, killing 48 civilians and more than 150 were injured. Witnesses are handed Western agencies, reported that supporters of Gadhafi carry the bodies of dead in clashes between government forces and the opposition in places where coalition forces conducted bombardment.

Despite the reports of the death of civilians, the military operation in Libya continued. Days of March 20 strategic bombers struck the U.S. air strikes on the Libyan main airfield. Three military aircraft of the U.S. Air Force B-2 (such as "Stealth") took off 40 bombs on this strategic site. At the same time, the Defence Minister Liam Fox said Britain, which relies on speedy end to operations in Libya. In turn, the Minister of Foreign Affairs of France Allan Juppe said that the strikes on Libya will continue until such time as Gaddafi does not "stop attacking peaceful inhabitants, and his troops leave the country, which they invaded."

Backlash Gaddafi

In response to the actions of the coalition called on Gaddafi Libyans to-people armed resistance forces of the West. In a telephone audio message, which was broadcast on national television Libya, he asked, "to pick up a gun and give an answer to the aggressors." According to Gaddafi, his country is preparing for a long war. Beats coalition forces on Libya he called "terrorism", as the "new rage crusaders" and "new Hitlerism." "Oil will not get to the United States, Britain and France," — said Gaddafi. He said he wanted to expose ordinary citizens to warehouses with all types of guns so that they could protect themselves. It was decided porazdavat more than one million people (including the ladies) gun. It was also decided to use all of the military and civilian aircraft for the protection of the country. The government of Libya has demanded an urgent UN Security Council meeting. In addition, the official Tripoli said that t
he UN Security Council resolution on Libya is no longer valid.

But Gadhafi's statements were not able to influence the balance of power in the country. Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS), U.S. Admiral Michael Mullen, said Washington and its allies are "virtually established a regime of Libya, which does not allow the aviation government forces", which corresponds to the UNSC resolution. In turn, France said its aircraft are not met opposition Libyan air defense systems (PVO) during combat missions on March 20. According to the U.S. military, as a result of strikes on Libyan areas were struck by 20 of the 22 tasks. The blow was struck at the air base, "Al Vatyah", which is located 170 kilometers southeast of Tripoli. It became clear that the system has been damaged by anti-aircraft defense of the object. According to new data from the Ministry of Health of Libya, as a result of the Western coalition air strikes on areas of the country killed 64 people. By the evening of March 20, it became clear that the management of the Libyan army has given the order for an immediate cease-fire.

The reaction of

Global diversified public act commended the coalition in Libya. Namely, the official dealer of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation Alexander Lukashevich said on March 20 that Our homeland "urges" of the country, asking for a military operation in Libya, end "indiscriminate use of force." The Russian Foreign Ministry said that they consider the adoption of UN Security Council Resolution N1973 very versatile step for the purposes of merit, obviously beyond the scope of its provisions requiring action only to protect the civilian population. Recently the Russian Federation announced that evacuates from Libya of the embassy staff. While none of the diplomats was injured. Also at the Russian Embassy in Libya confirmed the information that the salting of the Russian Federation in this country Vladimir Cham was dismissed March 17, 2011.

The negative attitude to the actions of the coalition also made by the representative of India. "These measures must defuse and not exacerbate an already difficult situation for the people of Libya," — said in a statement, the Indian Foreign Ministry. China's foreign ministry said that China regrets the intervention of an international coalition in the Libyan conflict. Note that China, together with Russia, Germany, India and Brazil abstained from voting on the resolution of the UN Security Council N1973.

Dissatisfaction with the course of military operations also expressed the control of the League of Arab States (LAS). "We want to protect the civilian population of this country, and not for air strikes to even more civilian officials of the state", — said General Secretary of the Arab League Amr Moussa. Earlier, the Arab League voted for the closure of the Libyan skies for aviation M.Kadadfi. Condemned the military operation of international forces in Libya and the representatives of the extremist movement "Taliban" who are fighting against the actions of NATO in Afghanistan. Meanwhile, the United Arab Emirates said they will accept the role of a military operation. Aircraft of the Air Force United Arab Emirates arrived at a military base on the peninsula of Sardinia in the Mediterranean Sea. According to unofficial data, the UAE provided 24 military aircraft for the operation in Libya, another 4-6 military aircraft allocated to Qatar.

The scion of a favorite Libyan Jamahiriya, Colonel Muammar Gaddafi Khamis died in hospital from injuries acquired. A few days back the Libyan armed forces pilot deliberately crashed the plane in strengthening, where the son of M.Gaddafi with the family, report German media quoted its own Arab counterparts.

Strengthening was on a military base area of Bab al-Azizia. Specifically, on this basis, hiding himself Teran Gaddafi after rebels began performing in the middle of February 2011. It should be noted that the German media did not refer to a clear date of death of son of Colonel, and other events H.Kaddafi death. Official Libyan media did not confirm such reports.

H.Kaddafi — the second son of the Libyan dictator, commander of the Special Forces 32-th separate heavy brigade of the Libyan army — "Khamis Brigade". Specifically, it ensured the safety Gadhafi on the basis of Bab el-Azizia in late February. H.Kaddafi was personally acquainted with many Russian generals: in 2009. it was as the supervisor on the teachings of the "West-2009", which took place in Belarus, where Russian troops were present. According to some reports, education H.Kaddafi received in.

As a result, an air strike in Tripoli on military targets forces of Colonel Muammar Gaddafi's command center was destroyed by the forces of the Libyan dictator, report of the Western coalition. Their words are reports BBC BBC.

Representatives of the media showed the destroyed building, but the existence of the victims on the ground they did not say anything. Airstrike was done as part of Operation "Odyssey. Dawn ", which are involved in the U.S. Air Force, Britain and France.

On the views of the English professionals, this premise, in which France almost led an international military operation in Libya, is the zeal of President Nicolas Sarkozy to save your own rating, which shortly before the election, headed for its lowest point.

"The French love when their president behaves like a politician, which influences the fate of the world," — said in an interview with the Guardian one diplomat, who asked to remain anonymous. According to him, Sarkozy in its current state is very necessary "good crisis".

On fighting mood of the French president, on the views of commentators, very worked survey of public opinion conducted last week. It turned out that Nicolas Sarkozy in the presidential election would have lost not only his opponent from the Socialist Party, and the Nationalist favorite Jean Marie Le Pen.

We have to admit that Sarkozy really amazed many professionals to their desire to protect the Libyan rebels. If since the beginning of the crisis the French position could be appreciated as a moderate, then after talking with representatives of the interim government Nicolas Sarkozy came on a desire to assist the opposition. France recognized the administration in Benghazi as the only legitimate in Libya and sent to the capital of the rebel's own ambassador. Vpribavok specifically Sarkozy urged European allies to attack government forces. Logically, the French aircraft in the first hours of operation "Odyssey. Breaking Dawn "is not bombarded airfields or air defenses and tanks besieging Benghazi.

It should be added, and bad personal affairs Sarkozy and Libya's Muammar Gaddafi's favorite. Last accused of betraying the French president, as Tripoli Tipo sponsored campaign Sarkozy, with great difficulty winning elections. In Paris, chose to deny everything, then another with great zeal began to push for early military action.

Georgia welcomes the resolution of the Security Council (UNSC) and the coalition military operation in Libya. This statement was made today Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs of Georgia Nino Kalandadze at a weekly briefing.

"Georgia welcomes the resolution adopted by the UN Security Council, which formed the basis of an operation," — Kalandadze said, adding that "Georgia supports all solutions of international society, the aim of which is peace and stabilize the situation."

"At the same can not be said about our regret for the civilian population in the middle," — said the deputy minister. She expressed the hope that "the situation in Libya will soon be exhausted and international mission will end successfully."

The deputy minister said that the Foreign Ministry did not receive appeals from Libya from the Georgi
an people. Presumably, at the present time there are no people of Georgia.

To freedom of released detainees in Libya four journalists of the American newspaper New York Times. It is reported by Associated Press, referring to the Turkish Embassy in the United States.

According disk imaging embassy, the Yankees released to the Turkish ambassador in Tripoli, after they were expelled to Tunisia.

Four New York Times journalists were detained during an armed clash in the western part of Libya last week. Among them, the reporter Anthony Shadid, Tyler Hicks and paparazzi Lynsey Addario, and a reporter and videographer Stephen Farrell.

It should be noted that in 2009. S.Farrell was captured by structural grouping "Taliban" in Afghanistan, and later released a detachment of British special forces.

Our homeland and China should work with the U.S. to put pressure on countries that are seeking to acquire weapons of mass destruction. This was in St. Petersburg, said the Pentagon chief Robert Gates, who arrived on an official visit to Russia, reports RBC Petersburg.

According to him, it, namely, talking about Iran, which is not only trying to get a nuclear weapon, and threatening other states. Of course, in this case Robert Gates is referring to Mahmoud Ahmadinejad's tough talk in the address Israel.

In the middle of other modern threats Secretary Robert Gates referred to terrorism as the main threat, he said, comes not from individual countries and from extremist organizations.

Secretary Gates's visit was planned before the start of the military operation in Libya. It is expected that on Tuesday the head of the Pentagon to meet with Defense Minister Anatoly Serdyukov and President Dmitry Medvedev. In addition to the situation in North Africa, is meant to discuss the situation in Afghanistan, and issues related to the U.S. missile defense system.

The position of the Russian Federation, refused to veto a UN Security Council resolution and with all this distance himself from the "indiscriminate introduction of force" troops from NATO in Libya could further bring significant dividends Moscow, reports the newspaper "Kommersant".

Without becoming prevent the overthrow of the dictator, Our homeland entitled to the gratitude of the government, which came to power in Libya after Gaddafi's possible fall. Moscow does not want to lose the multi-billion dollar contracts that the state company "Rosoboronexport", Gazprom and Russian Railways signed with Tripoli. At the appropriate option completely Moscow can count, because even in the post-war Iraq, Russian companies have several oil fields.

In addition, the Libyan crisis has permitted Moscow not only does not spoil, and to strengthen business with the West. A means operation to overthrow Gadhafi will not affect the "reset" of relations with the U.S. and will not break began to improve under President Dmitry Medvedev's partnership with the EU and NATO.

Sign in this respect was the resignation of Russia's ambassador to Libya Vladimir Cham, which, According to the newspaper, until recently, held the side of Gadhafi. It looks like salting suffered because forgot about the foreign policy attitude that Medvedev gave Russian diplomats at a meeting with the diplomatic corps in July last year. Explaining the significance of the development of democracy in Russia, the president said that Moscow should "promote humane social systems everywhere in the world, at first — at home." "The interests of Russian democracy for adherence to the greatest possible number of democratic standards in their domestic policy", — the president said at the time, the proviso, however, that such standards "can not be imposed in a one-sided manner." Moscow's behavior, on the one hand condemning the Libyan administration and on the other — did not support military intervention, fit into this difficult to implement the scheme.

There are some news and that Medvedev himself was inclined to, to support the resolution of the UN Security Council, while the Foreign Ministry talked about the need to use the right of veto and block it. In the end, a compromise was reached and the decision to abstain.

The deputies of the State Duma from the Liberal Democratic Party and the "Fair Russia" RBC told about his own relationship to the operation of the coalition of Western countries in Libya.

The military intervention of certain Western states in Libya can turn to their wave of terrorist attacks. Such an outlook was expressed in an interview with managing the LDPR faction in the Duma Igor Lebedev. "Abatement of Gaddafi's known to all, the worst of its retaliation will be expressed not in combat aircraft and ground operations, and in the wake of the attacks, which can be passed on to the countries that are currently waging war against Libya," — presented by MP.

I.Lebedev sure that the coalition intervention in the internal affairs of another country comes under the pretexts that have no relation to reality. "Under the pretext of protecting the civilian population it is bombarded from the air, and under the pretext of protecting the civilian society western countries are matched to the Libyan oil supplies, and try to establish there regime dominated by the Yankees, and kindle the fire of war in the Arab world, so as you can get closer to your own davneshnemu the enemy — Iran, "- said the deputy.

According to him, "No one says that Gaddafi's rights." "But outside military intervention is also incorrect solution to the problem", — concluded I.Lebedev.

Do not like the way the coalition and deputies from the "Just Russia". The military intervention in Libya, the Western coalition forces risks turning protracted conflict in that country, said State Duma deputy from the "Just Russia" Gennady Gudkov, commenting on what is happening in Libya.

"Colonel Muammar Gaddafi — Teran, who did sin against their own people began to bombard the rebels," — said the MP. At the same time, he called the wrong solution method prepyadstviya Libyan military forces of the Western coalition, which operates in the implementation of UN Security Council resolution on ensuring non-threatening skies over Libya. "No people will not tolerate outside interference in its internal affairs" — saw G.Gudkov. According to him, in this case antiliviyskaya coalition runs the risk of reversible effect, which consists in uniting people around their favorite, regardless of the dictatorial regime it established character.

Coupled with the fact commenting on the intention of the Libyan authorities to arm a million people from the peaceful inhabitants for protection against Western intervention, G.Gudkov expressed hesitation in plausibility of such reports, "I do not believe in a million militia, do not rule out that this is only an information box stuffing . "

Our homeland, China and India should take the initiative to carry out additional UN Security Council meeting on the question of detail previously adopted resolutions on the development in the skies over Libya no-fly zone, has a member of the Duma committee on international affairs Simon Baghdasarov ("Fair Russia").

"These countries should require holding such meetings to flesh out the implementation of the resolution in time and precise task of the military operations in Libya," — said the deputy in the comments. According to him, the existing resolution is "diffuse", which unleashes the forces of the Western coalition with the supplied disk imaging of the victims in the middle of the civilian population as a result of carried out the bombing. "Many civilians are killed inhabitants, thus Makar, the original goal, which proclaimed supporters of the resolution — to finish in the middle of the
victim's population — is not achieved," — saw S.Bagdasarov. In this regard, he called for the immediate suspension of hostilities by "antiliviyskoy coalition."

The MP believes that Libya was the fourth state after Yugoslavia, Iraq and Afghanistan, which has become a "victim, not of this because, as it follows the regime." "And tomorrow may be the victim of such matter what other country with "not so" regime ", — he said, adding that the continuation of the attack on Libya would lead to a sharp radicalization in the Arab world. "It turns out that they give rise to terrorism", — concluded the deputy.

He also noted that Libya may repeat the fate of Iraq, "as it later turned out, did not create any nuclear weapons and was a victim of the U.S. war of information." "After all, what is it all the same for the rebels in Libya? Do not rule out that this is just rabble, and, judging by some external attributes, these are people who have fought wars in the Afghanistan-Pakistan border, "- said S.Bagdasarov.

The head of the State Duma Committee on Defense Zavarzin expressed the view that NATO strategists are "trying to solve the most complicated one hit military-political problem of Libya", which only exacerbates the situation in the region.

According to him, it resembles the act of NATO in the former Yugoslavia in March 1999. "How then, the coalition forces are trying to bring to his unhappy Libya concept of" humanitarian intervention "- saw the deputy. Coupled with the fact escalation of force would only aggravate the situation in the region.

"I am firmly convinced that no political or military necessity need not take precedence over international law" — highlighted in this connection V.Zavarzin. He also reminded that our homeland is opposed to military action in Libya, which "directly harm the civilian population" . "Unfortunately, at the present time we litsezreem, with the result that the introduction of foreign military forces killed civilians, to strike at civilian targets", — said the head of the committee.

V.Zavarzin noted that "there is no doubt that the acts of Muammar Gaddafi at odds with the international rules of law, and with it, of course, must be addressed." "But with all this death should not be allowed civilian population", — says the MP.

Now as it became clear that the Secretary General of the League of Arab States (LAS) Amr Moussa backed UN Security Council resolution, which allows you to conduct military operations against Libya. He made this statement during a press conference with UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon.

"We are not against the resolution because it does not speak of the invasion, and to protect people from what they had been in Benghazi," — said Moussa, implying multiple airstrikes government air force Libya by opposition forces in this town.

"The position of the Arab League against Libya correctly defined. We immediately stopped Libya's membership in our organization and asked the UN to introduce a no-fly zone over it, "- he added. Earlier, Moussa said the Arab League does not want to, that any country on this issue, "even gone so far."

Note that in real time last bombing of Libya by NATO forces. The coalition, which dealt a blow to the North African States, includes the U.S., France, Britain, Canada and Italy.

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