Chronicles of the second world war: the North African campaign

North African campaign, in which the allied forces and the country's "axis" conducted a series of attacks and counter-attacks in the deserts of North Africa, lasted from 1940 to 1943. Libya has for decades been an Italian colony, and adjoining Egypt was under the control of England since 1882. When, in 1940, Italy declared war on the anti-Hitler coalition between with 2 states immediately began fighting action. In September 1940, Italy invaded Egypt, but in December of that year, held a counter-offensive, as a result of which the British and Indian troops captured about 130 thousand Italians. In response to the defeat of Hitler sent to the front not too long ago formed Afrika Korps under General Erwin Rommel. On the territory of Libya and Egypt took several long bloody battles. The turning point in the war was the second battle of El Alamein in late 1942, during time which 8th Army Lieutenant General Bernard Montgomery defeated and Hitler coalition troops ousted from Egypt to Tunisia. In November 1942, as part of Operation "Torch" Britain and the United States landed on the west coast of North Africa, thousands of military personnel. As a result, the operation by May 1943 the anti-Hitler coalition forces completely defeated the army of Nazi power in Tunisia that ended the war in North Africa. (45 photos) (See all articles in this series, "The Chronicles of the second world")

English the pilot, who has extensive experience of flying in the criteria of the desert, lands fighter «Kittyhawk», located in service Squadron «Sharknose», during a sand storm in the Libyan desert, on April 2, 1942. The mechanic who sits on the wing of the aircraft, the pilot shows the direction. (AP Photo)

Chronicles of World War II: the North African campaign

Australian troops advancing on the German stronghold, under cover of a smoke screen in the Western Desert in North Africa, November 27, 1942. (AP Photo)

Chronicles of World War II: the North African campaign

German General Erwin Rommel rides at the head of the 15th Panzer Division between Tobruk and Sidi Omar, Libya, 1941 year. (NARA)

Chronicles of World War II: the North African campaign

Australian soldiers marching behind the tanks during a rehearsal of the coming of the sands of North Africa, January 3, 1941. Infantry accompanied the tanks as a precaution in case of an air raid. (AP Photo)

Chronicles of World War II: the North African campaign

German dive bomber Junkers Ju-87 "Stuck" stormed the British base near Tobruk, Libya, in October 1941. (AP Photo)

Chronicles of World War II: the North African campaign

The pilot of the Royal Air Force of England sets of fragments of the cross on the grave of the Italian pilots, aircraft which crashed during a battle in the Western Desert in Mersa Matruh, October 31, 1940. (AP Photo)

Chronicles of World War II: the North African campaign

Armored "Bren Carrier" was in service of Australian mounted troops in North Africa, January 7, 1941. (AP Photo)

Chronicles of World War II: the North African campaign

British tankers laugh at the comics in the Italian newspaper in the area of fighting in North Africa, January 28, 1941. One of them holding a puppy, found during the capture of Sidi Barrani, the 1st of the first Italian support Fri, surrendered during the War in North Africa. (AP Photo)

Chronicles of World War II: the North African campaign

Italian flying boat, attacked by fighters of the Royal Air Force in England, burning off the coast of Tripoli. The body of an Italian pilot floating in the water near the left wing. (AP Photo)

Chronicles of World War II: the North African campaign

British sources say that in this picture of the Italian soldiers are killed by British gunfire to the south-west of Gazala during the 1 st of January in Libyan clashes 1942 year. (AP Photo)

One of the Italian prisoners of war captured in Libya and sent to London, to cap the Afrika Korps, January 2, 1942. (AP Photo)

Italian forward positions near Tobruk, Libya, on January 6, 1942. (AP Photo)

British bombers "Bristol Blenheim" are sent on a raid in Cyrenaica, Libya, with fighter escort, February 26, 1942. (AP Photo)

British spies watching the m
ovements of the enemy on the western desert near the Egyptian-Libyan border in Egypt in February 1942. (AP Photo)

Talisman Squadron of the Royal Air Force in England, Libya, monkeys named Bass, playing with a fighter pilot «Tomahawk» in the Western Desert, February 15, 1942. (AP Photo)

This seaplane was in service with the Royal Air Force rescue England in the Middle East. He was patrolling the lake in the Nile Delta and assisted pilots who are obliged to commit landing on water. Photo was made March 11, 1942. (AP Photo)

English soldier, wounded during the fight in Libya, lies on a bed in a tent field hospital, June 18, 1942. (AP Photo / Weston Haynes)

British General Bernard Montgomery, commander of the 8th British Army, following the battle in the Western Desert with the gun turret of the M3 «Grant", Egypt, in 1942. (AP Photo)

Anti-tank guns on wheels with the highest level of mobility and can rapidly move around the desert, inflicting sudden shocks. Photo: mobile anti-tank gun of the 8th Army shoots in the desert of Libya, July 26, 1942. (AP Photo)

This snapshot of the scene an air strike on an air base of the "axis» «Martuba», which is located near the town of humus in Libya was made on board the aircraft South African, who took part in the raid, July 6, 1942. Four pairs of white bands across the bottom — it's dust, lifted aircraft Hitler coalition, who are trying to escape the bombing. (AP Photo)

During his stay in the Middle East, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill visited the El Alamein, where he met with commanders of brigades and divisions, also looked at the personnel of the Australian and U.S. military forces in the Western Desert, Aug. 19, 1942. (AP Photo)

Hovering at low altitude aircraft of the Royal New Zealand Air Force in England accompanies cars, which are sent to Egypt, August 3, 1942. (AP Photo)

British troops patrolling the Western Desert in Egypt in the South American tank M3 "Stuart", September 1942. (AP Photo)

The guard protects the wounded German officer, had been found in the desert in Egypt in the first days of the coming of the British, November 13, 1942. (AP Photo)

Some of the 97-mi of German prisoners of war captured by the British Army during the attack on the Tel-el-Ace in Egypt, September 1, 1942. (AP Photo)

Allied convoy, accompanied by aircraft and sea vessels sailing towards the French North Africa near Casablanca, French Morocco during Operation "Torch", a large British-American invasion of North Africa in November 1942. (AP Photo)

South American landing barges are sent to the bank Fedaly, French Morocco during the first amphibious operation in November 1942. Feda was located 25 km north of Casablanca, French Morocco. (AP Photo)

The anti-Hitler coalition forces landed on the Preserving the near Casablanca, French Morocco and follow the tracks left by the previous squad, November 1942. (AP Photo)

South American soldiers with bayonets escorted representatives of the Italian-German armistice commission in Morocco to the gathering place for the administration of a Fedalu north of Casablanca, November 18, 1942. At the committee members suddenly attacked South American descent. (AP Photo)

French soldiers heading to the front line in Tunisia, shaking hands with South American soldiers at the railway station in Oran, Algeria, North Africa, December 2. (AP Photo)

Soldiers of the U.S. Army (in the SUV and a sub-machine gun) protect overturned ship «SS Partos», which was damaged when the North African port of Posada allied forces in 1942. (AP Photo)

The German soldier tried to hide in a bomb shelter during the attack Hitler coalition forces in the Libyan desert, but not in time, December 1, 1942. (AP Photo)

U.S. Navy dive bomber takes off from the road near Safi, French Morocco, December 11, 1942. (AP Photo)

Bombers B-17 "Flying Fortress" dropping fragmentation bombs on the fundamental strategic airfield «El Aouina» in the town of Tunis, Tunisia, 14 February 1943. (AP Photo)

South American soldier with submachine gun care is risen to the German tanks to stop the test crew to escape, after a fight with South American and British anti-tank units in the town Medjez al Bab, Tunisia, 12 January 1943. (AP Photo)

German prisoners of war captured by the forces during the anti-Hitler coalition attack on the German-Italian position in the town Sened, Tunisia, February 27, 1943. Soldier without a cap of 20 years. (AP Photo)

Two thousand Italian prisoners of war marching behind an armored personnel carrier, "Bren Carrier" in the desert in Tunisia, in March 1943. Italian soldiers were captured near El Hamma, when their German allies fled the town. (AP Photo)

Anti-aircraft fire forms the protective screen over Algeria in North Africa, April 13, 1943. Artillery fire was photographed during the defense of Algeria from Nazi aircraft. (AP Photo)

Italian gunners sit around in the middle of a field gun thickets of cactus in Tunisia, 31 March 1943. (AP Photo)

General Dwight D. Eisenhower (right), Chief of the Allied forces in North Africa, making fun of the South American fighters during the inspection on the front of the fighting in Tunisia, 18 March 1943. (AP Photo)

Bayoneted German soldier lies propped on the mortar in the town of Tunis, Tunisia, 17 May 1943. (AP Photo)

Funny inhabitants of Tunisia welcomed the allied troops who liberated the city. In the photo: a resident of Tunisia obymaet British tankers, May 19, 1943. (AP Photo)

After the surrender of the "axis" in Tunisia in May 1943, Allied forces captured more than 275 thousand fighter. In the photo, from the aircraft manufactured by June 11, 1943, seen thousands of German and Italian fighter. (AP Photo)

Actress comedy March Rey cheers troops of the 12th Air Army of the United States on the edge of the Sahara desert in North Africa, in 1943. (AP Photo)

After the victory over the countries of the "axis" in North Africa, Allied forces began preparations for an attack on Italy in areas liberated countries. Photo: South American transport aircraft flies over the Pyramids of Giza near Cairo, Egypt, 1943 year. (AP Photo / US Army)

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