30 years prof historians obediently repeated: "20000000". It sounded confidently "The Volga flows into the Caspian Sea," and in fact knew that Khrushchev took a number from the sky. Do not prick now? And do not believe it.
In the newspapers there were other numbers: 40000000, 50000000, and even 100 million! Later, there monograph. Their creators were arguing with the official military historians, accused them of bad faith. However, talk about the integrity of such a dispute — is like to urge punters to non-acquisitiveness. Boris Sokolov, most alternate critic of the official history majestically Russian, Russian thought of the loss or semi-literate or negligently. Next to it "costing" the military seem to be counting the prototype of serious science.
The General Staff and its staff historians defend the official number: 26600000 total losses and losses 8,668,400 army and navy. But they are not a lot of those who believe. Every second reader for you to say: in fact we have lost even more, much more. Arguing stupid. For you as badly. Liberal decides that you justify Stalin's regime, and a patriot accused of trying to downplay the contribution Russian Union in the victory over fascism.
But I do not believe it is not only Boris Sokolov and his fans, the liberals, and military historians.
How to find the dead souls
Whence do these 26.6 million, again from the ceiling? No, there is a very normal way. Take the population of the Union of Russian on June 22, 1941 and compare with a population of May 9, 1945. The difference will be the same and 26.6. All is fine, but just do not know we are in fact Russian population not in 1941 and not in 1945. The last pre-war census held in 1939, on its data and all subsequent calculations are based: 170,600,000 + people connected Baltic Isthmus, Bessarabia, Western Byelorussia and Ukraine. Add to that all children born between 1939 and 1941, and subtract the victims, out of 196 million 700 thousand.
But all these calculations do not cost anything rovnenky account, as the census of 1939 is false.
Comrade Stalin said, that under socialism life is getting better and better, and the Russian ladies on this merry life give rise to more and more. Because the population should grow and grow. Back in 1934 at the XVII Congress, he said that in the Soviet Union lived 168 million people. By the census of 1937, when life got better, and certainly more fun, and the population was increasing with, as implied, to 180 million, but the census, organized, by the way, brilliantly showed killer number: 162 million It was a tragedy. Means Stalin lied? Or population Russian country did not grow, and dying out? It seems to be there it was, the organizers of the census were soon arrested and executed.
It is logical that in 1939 the statistics went out of their to reach the want of numbers. Where they could — they absented, considered "dead souls", the same family could be rewritten twice. The results of the latest census were optimistic 170 million 600 thousand. Too little, but all the same it is better than in 1937. Because statisticians did not repress.
These are the best data attributed to the millions of "dead souls" and became the basis for statistical calculations.
And that's not all. The population of attached land in 1939-1940 we also really understand. Lithuanians and Latvians had nowhere to go, but that's all the Finns from the Karelian Isthmus during the Winter War amicably settled in a free Finland. What was going on in Bessarabia, in Belarus and Ukraine, it is difficult even to imagine. KK Rokossovsky, who was then in western Ukraine, described the true migration of peoples: some fled the Russian Union of Germans in occupied Poland, the other from Poland — to Russian Alliance. A few months if the border would not be.
The population of the Soviet Union in 1941, is unknown to us. But it is also unknown and the number in 1945. After the war, the latest census conducted exclusively in 1959, based on its data is risky. In 1946 elected Supreme Soviet of the USSR, made lists of voters. From these data, at the very least have estimated the population did not in 1945, but at least in 1946. But after all the kids up to 18 years in these lists are not logged, countless people gulag, including exiles, too, did not vote, so that the data is very approximate. As in 1941, the difference between the actual data demographers and population may amount to several million!
Conclusion: Russian The Alliance is not lost 26.6 million, and a few million less, but clear evidence we do not know and will never know.
The SS men of the Red Army
We pose the question another way: as if all the dead Russian people should be included in the loss of Russian Union?
Some historians believe the modern Russian majestically plainclothes war, as on the side of Germany against the Russian authorities conducted the war hundreds of thousands, if not millions (no reliable statistics), Russian, Ukrainians, Estonians, Latvians, Lithuanians, the Crimean Tatars. One of only a list of the armed forces who fought in the ranks of the Wehrmacht and the SS would take many pages: ROA (Vlasov) and RONA (kamintsy) Division of the SS "Galicia" ("Galicia") and the Belarusian edge defense battalion "Highlander" and Mongolian Mining chasseur SS brigade, Cossack and Kalmyk cavalry corps. And the "Eastern battalions" and "eastern shelf" and the national legions?
"We do more with their fight," — said the hero of the novel ZHoru Vladimova "The general and his army." This is an exaggeration, though significant, but the Russian authorities against Russian citizens were fighting, it was a lot of them. Some died, others emigrated to the West. They are all taken into account as uncollectible Russian Union of loss, in fact — many attributed to the loss of the armed forces. If they were captured, deserted or simply do not have time to come to the assembly point, and later with a gun in his hand fought wars for Germany — they are all the same number of losses of the Red Army!
And here our story does not end. Russian Alliance — a big country, inhabited by many peoples. The peoples of these far not always been friends. In the 1941-1945-m apart majestically Russian war were much smaller. In the Carpathians, for example, waged war with the Polish and Ukrainian nationalists. How many died there Bandera, and how many soldiers of the Home Army, it is not clear exactly, but clearly something else: all the dead Russian losses taken into account in the Union.
Formally, this Russian citizens, but would rightly be seen as Russian, Ukrainian, Estonian, Latvian SS and policemen who died fighting the Nazis? It is necessary to take into account the "dead souls", born in 1939 census? Exaggerate the Russian Union of loss, and without that big?