Dark hole of the military budget

PThe black hole of the military budgetazrabotannaya Defense newcomer Municipal programm Arms (SAP) for 2011-2020 will be the most expensive in the modern history of our country. For its implementation our military department receives from the federal budget in the general difficulties of a little more than 20 trillion rubles.

It is almost 16 trillion rubles less than initially requested from the Ministry of Defence Ministry of Finance bureaucrats. Military convinced that the allocated funds for the complete retooling Russian armed forces they are not enough. But the main task set by the President of Russia Dmitry Medvedev — increment by 2015 the proportion of new tools in the units of permanent readiness to at least 30%, and another 5 years to bring it up to 70% — on a theoretical level, all the same can be solved. On what did the military going izderzhat economical trillions? And for what they generally come in handy so much money? Try to understand.

Cheap triad

A complete list of weapons and military equipment, which the Ministry of Defence wants to buy in the latest LG, bureaucrats do not open. Moreover, our generals are not able to even roughly estimate how much of the army arsenal asks substitution. It is considered that the most languid situation has developed in the Air Force and the Strategic Missile Forces. Here, according to professionals, the share of modern technology does not exceed 15%. A means specifically those troops will be retooled again. Indirectly, this is confirmed by the parliamentary hearings, the Acting Chief of Defence weapons, Lieutenant-General Oleg Frolov. According to him, the lion fraction of funds allocated to the SAP, will be spent on the development of the strategic nuclear forces (SNF), Air Force and Air Defense.

At the moment, Russian strategic nuclear forces account for some 2,600 warheads on 600 carriers. The main part of this arsenal is concentrated in the SRF. If you believe in open source, then in service with the Strategic Missile Forces is a little more than 360 intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs) capable of carrying about 1,200 warheads. In turn, the basis of the strike group SRF (combat power) are languishing ICBM 2-types — RS-20 "Governor" and the RS-18A. This is a unique missile systems, which have no analogues in the world. For example, "Governor" is able to deliver 10 warheads over a distance of 11 thousand kilometers, overcoming all that any available and promising missile defense system. The destructive power of the RS-18A slightly less. This rocket can only carry six warheads, and its firing range does not exceed 10 thousand kilometers. Yet it is considered one of the best in the world ICBM in its class. In total, we've got about 120 missiles RS-20 and RS-18A. At the same time they have been in use beyond the initial warranty period. Already by 2013, all of our "Governors" will be removed from combat duty, and by 2017 th and all the RS-18A. Change the rockets we have nothing.

Of course, in our SRF is still about 170 light rapidly aging single-warhead missiles "Topol" and about 70 new comparable "Topol-M". Moreover, their developer, Capital Institute of Thermal Technology (MIT) have already made the latest modification of the complex "Topol-M" — the RS-24 "Yars". At the expense of more strong third stage and a new unit of breeding RS-24 is expected to be able to carry 6 to 10 combat units with a capacity of 150-300 kilotons. And though "yars" can not be a real substitute for the RS-18A, and even more so, "Governors", specifically for our military lozhut his greatest hopes. The assurances of Command SRF, in the near future, the RS-24 missiles, along with monobloc "Topol-M" form the basis of the Strategic Missile Forces strike group in 2016-2017 in the grouping of missile systems with extended service life will take less than 20%, and the new — 80%. True to believe in it with difficulty. Votkinsk plant, where all of the modifications, "Topol" and even samples taken to make maritime ballistic missile "Bulava", is able to produce a total difficulties at least 7 missiles year. In other words, when the most appropriate course of events at 5 years for service may be made of complexes of 35 RS-24 "yars", respectively, after 10 years — 70 complexes. So Makarov, it is easy to calculate that the fraction sought is the latest technology in 70% of the Strategic Missile Force after 10 years can only be obtained by arithmetic: by reducing the arsenal more than a quarter. How much are the complexes "Topol-M" and "Yars" is not clear. This information is lurking state. It is clear only that their value is constantly grows. According to the deputy chairman of the Duma Defense Committee Igor Barinov, over the past three years, the price of "Topol-M" has grown by 2.5 times. If we imagine that one such complex currently worth more than 2-billion (evaluation can be done on the basis of the analysis of the western disk imaging professionals, made on the basis of comparison with the cost of production of missiles Trident II), is to update the group SRF 2020 at the current rate of production of ICBMs can be spent only about 140 billion rubles.

The other two components of our nuclear triad — sea and air — even though demand immediate equipment with the latest technology, but it is unlikely it will be able to receive up to 2020. Thus, the brand new ballistic rocket for submarines — "Mace" — is still in the stage of development tests. And there is no belief that they will ever run out of success. Of the 12 test launches "Bulava" is actually all ended in failure. Rocket a couple of times expelled by fine-tuning, but without result. A 13th launch of "Bulava", which was to be held in the middle of October because of adverse weather criterion (smog and fires), by order of the Ministry of Defence was postponed indefinitely. This is a military decision is surprising. It is not clear why do we need a ballistic missile that can fly only in good weather. Note that the "Bulava" must be fully equipped all new strategic submarine 4th generation of the "Northwind". The first of them, "Yury Dolgoruky", which was built 18 years, two years back was launched. The other two — "Alexander Nevsky" and "Vladimir Monomakh" — at the moment are in the highest degree of readiness on the docks of Severodvinsk shipyards. But without the "Bulava" all of these submarines — in fact, until just a pile of expensive metal.

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