Eye injury

Eye injury.  Photo from www.sciencephoto.com

Eye injuries are diverse both in nature and in severity. Contusion (Or, in the vernacular injury eye) is a consequence of injury of eyeball with a blunt object. It could be a stone, a stick, or a punch in a fight.

Depending on precisely which tissue is damaged, physicians can diagnose: contusion cornea, sclera, vascular tract, lens, retina, optic nerve, or slezoprodutsiruyuschego lacrimal apparatus century.

For such an injury is characterized by:

  • eye pain,
  • photophobia,
  • lacrimation,
  • reduced vision,
  • involuntary closing of the eyelids (blepharospasm).

In those cases wherecontusion not accompanied by a penetrating wound or rupture of the eyeball, the effects of an injury in the first time can not be felt. Well, bounced a tennis ball in the face, well, slapped on a branch in the eyetime walk in the woods — like, do not worry. As they say, blinked and moved on. However, after some time vision suddenly begins to deteriorate.

The fact that in thetime concussion usually is bleeding inside the eye. If not treated in time, it will curdle the blood, and in its place will be formed connective tissue. This may lead to detachment of the retina, injury followed lens cataract, glaucoma contusion and ultimately — loss of vision.

That is why in all eye injuries, including small, do not ignore them and to self. Should move quickly to turn toophthalmologist— In the emergency room, in the emergency station, hospital or clinic. You will establish an accurate diagnosis, treatment and appoint warned about the possible consequences of the injury.

Prior to going to the doctor importantly — to ensure complete peace of damaged organs. On the injured eye it is best to apply a sterile bandage sun shield. Prohibited exercise: lifting weights and sharp slopes, avoid jerky movements, including sharp turns heads.

In the home medicine cabinet should have sulfacetamide, which is recommended when instilled into the eyes of any injuries. It is indispensable for the prevention of infectious complications.

When contusions eye often require treatment in a hospital eye.

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