October 9, 2012 4:12
In Polynesia, there is a unique stone structure XI century — the Gate of Tonga. According to local legend, in a certain time of the year, after passing through the gate, you can go into the habitat of the local god and the same road back. According to other legends it — the burning of dead rulers, a symbol of kinship ties.
Tonga gates are in the eastern part of the island of Tongatapu, known as the treasure of the past Polynesia kolybel.V it now it is the archaeological zapovednik.Eta part of the island is wild and deserted. Stretched for miles deserted white beaches and coves. Rushing tidal wave on the coral shoals, crunching hard palm leaves in the wind.
And do not believe that centuries ago, these deserted places full of life. Evidence of this — is scattered all over the island remains of settlements "moi", most of which are located just to the east. The largest of these ancient settlements called Moo and is located on the inner lagoon.
Next to him — a plaque dedicated to the landing on the island of James Cook. Apparently, the island has changed little in appearance from the XVIII century, when the legendary traveler, seeing him for the first time, called Tongatapu "continuous garden." Then Cook met with some local leaders and said that they know their genealogy, are the guardians of myths and legends of the people.
According to this legend, the first Tongans made from larvae Tangaloa God himself was the father of the first king. Tangaloa then banished to earth from heaven delinquent minor gods to help his son. It is believed that this myth was the basis of modern social structures in the Kingdom of Tonga. So far, the archipelago is a constitutional kingdom, on the top step of which is the King, below — the layer of the nobility, and then — the other Tongans.
Present King of Tubo IV produces expensive brands, where under his portrait placed the inscription: "Tonga. Where begins the time. " Indeed, an archipelago located in the line of the International Date: a few dozen miles to the east of Nuku'alofa "today" is already "yesterday."
King honored in the island nation almost as a god, and when on the road going to the big limousine with fluttering flags, all squat and then sit on the sidelines with his legs crossed and his hands folded. This is not just a beautiful custom, a law, the observance of which is strictly controlled by the local police.
But here's the archaeological sites in the Kingdom have been neglected, and they are poorly understood, including the unique heritage of the island Tongaputu. For example, a funerary complex, built of coral limestone blocks in a four-meter pyramid, up to 4 m is still unknown, brought here as building blocks. Suggest that they were brought to Tangaputu on huge canoes from other islands. After all, on the island there is no suitable building material.
But it is with the mysterious megalithic — Gate Tonga begins acquaintance with any foreigner Tongatapu. The construction of a stone blocks stacked in the shape of the letter "P" standing in the palm thickets. On two pillars of coral limestone height of about five meters is six-meter stone crossbar, mounted in grooves carved into the top of the pillars. According to rough estimates, three massive block weigh at least 40 tons.
Scientists wonder, as 1200 years ago, it was constructed a strange building, and what is its purpose? Part archaeologist believes that megalith — entrance to exist in the past royal territory, but in the area found no other buildings — one goal. Where were they? It is also unclear why completely vanished buildings, roads, household items mysterious palace. The only thing left — rising near large vertical range, which allegedly served as his throne Tuiitatui.
Scientists came to the conclusion that the earlier blocks of stone were carefully polished. On the bar are carefully carved mark, corresponding to the shortest and longest days of the year. There was a suggestion that it was an ancient observatory, designed to calculate the days of the equinoxes and solstices. It is likely that by the construction of performing the functions of the gates leading to the residence of the kings. And then turned into a solar observatory.
According to another version, the structure was built Tuitatui ruler to reconcile his warring sons, trilit to symbolize the ties of kinship between them.
There eschodna legend that Gates Tonga dedicated Polynesian god Maui, who, according to legend, raised from the ocean archipelago.
The puzzle is in the fact that in some parts of the world also have similar structures. For example, Japan is dotted with many thousands of gates, designating sacred places. Once the material is different — Japanese gate made of wood. Near Okinawa are submerged structures — with nothing connected to the gate of a massive masonry.
The Romans also loved to decorate your empire-standing ceremonial gates. There is also Stonehenge, and the gate in Polynesia could be part of it.
All these intriguing parallels between similar monuments completely different cultures, have convinced researchers that may have existed in the Pacific Ocean powerful "X — culture" that has had a civilizing influence in all directions. To confirm this, requires careful research of ancient stone structures. So far, the enigmatic historical monument stands alone on the island of Tongatapu, and does not want to disclose the ideas of the ancient builders.