In the park "Sokolniki" today opened an amateur observatory called "Starry Sky".
It is intended primarily for children and teenagers. Old Observatory robot stopped in the 80-ies of the last century, since the building was in a state of neglect. However, in the framework of the state program of development of the leisure industry, it was decided to restore the observatory, said the park's director Andrei Lapshin. The building was restored, purchased new and powerful equipment, which, it is claimed, is unique among the other amateur observatories all over Russia. Even earlier, in "Sokolniki" has earned a children's circle of "Stargazers" workshops will be scheduled just opened in the observatory.
In the "Sokolniki" will show prominences and sunspots
The program also upgraded observatory "Star Night" and lectures every hour
- In the "Sokolniki" will show prominences and sunspots
October 25, in the park "Sokolniki" will open people's observatory "Starry Sky". In the observatory has two telescopes — one for night-time observations, the other — for the day. At night, a powerful automated telescope with a primary mirror diameter of 406 mm (for observing deep sky objects) will consider the most distant planet in the Solar System — Pluto. 30 minutes automatic telescope will show the 5-7 most interesting objects of the night-time hours.
In the evenings, you can make "travel" on the lunar surface, seen on Earth's satellite craters and mountain ranges. Among the other attractions of space — snow caps at the poles of Mars and the Andromeda Galaxy.
Day program (from 11 to 18 hours) includes excursions: you can see not only the telescope to the device, but at the starry sky.
— Adults and children sit in a circle, and the dome of the projected image of the heavenly bodies. In movies recorded everything that can be seen through this telescope — told "Izvestia" the director of the park "Sokolniki" Andrei Lapshin.
With a telescope (especially designed for daytime observations, with the lens diameter of 90 mm) in the sun, too, can look: see the spots on the sun — not just a popular expression.
— In the afternoon, when there are no clouds, you can consider various solar phenomena, such as prominences and spots — says Lapshin.
Prominences are clearly visible during total eclipses of the sun, and when you look through a telescope like dark filaments on the solar disk.
Every hour during the day at the observatory will be lectured. For example, with 12 hours for 35 minutes of talk about the solar system. Then — about the constellations. For children from 5 to 7 years is "astronomical Tale" as a cartoon about a cat that walked by itself.
Four times a year the park will be held "starry nights": on the equinoxes and solstices. Promise evening programs (up to 23 hours).
— The nearest date with a special program — Dec. 22, the night of the winter solstice, — said Andrey Lapshin. — Of course, the Observatory is very dependent on the weather, so it is reasonable before going to the park to call and clarify whether the event will take place. Also, we will notify users in real time on social networks Facebook and "contact".
The old observatory in "Sokolniki" ceased operations in 1980. Now fully refurbished equipment or purchased new. The upgraded observatory can take groups of up to 20 people (children) and up to 12 people (adults).
Restoration and equipment for the "starry sky" cost of eight million
As a child I was a little fond of astronomy, I was immediately overcome by temptation
The observatory is located three minutes from the park entrance, in a very picturesque place. It looks new (in fact, he was already 60 years old) Building surrounded by greenery. The white walls smell of fresh paint, and the dome is now ready to open the beautiful views of the space provided. The room is fully refurbished observatory to observe the stars, they have bought new equipment. Now she can take a visit to 20 people at the same time.
— Did you know that a ray of sunlight reaches the Earth in 8 minutes 18 seconds? — Interrupted my thoughts Rustam Bekbulatov, astronomer, engaged in the project of the observatory.
— Before Gorky refurbished observatory, which opened just a month ago, we can boast of more advanced equipment: the diameter of the telescope more on American 51 mm, and then he sees the stars and weaker — proudly said Rustam. — Use it at night to watch for Venus and Mars, Jupiter and Saturn, Uranus and Neptune as well as Pluto — the most distant planet The solar system. Any session will last 25 minutes.
According to astronomers, the observatory has acquired a solar telescope with a lens 90 mm for daytime observations. There are only five in Russia. With it, the sun will be increased 100 times. However, such telescopes have cost 4374700 rubles. Restoration cost Observatory Park 3890467 rubles.
Rustam Bekbulatov said that bad weather will not prevent visitors to observe the constellations — the observatory is installed only in Moscow planetarium with the projection of images on the dome
For young astronomers here organized a special program. The kids will show cartoons, a series of lectures about the stars and of course participate in practical training. Each child will be able to look through the telescope and see the beauty of the starry sky.
As a child I was a little fond of astronomy, I was immediately overcome by temptation. Alas, the sky clouds tightened so that the sun could not break through. Here I tested the ability of the projector. On the dome there was such a realistic image of the galaxy, as if for a moment I got into the open space.
As 60 years ago, in the House of Children's Art Park "Sokolniki" opened a children's circle "Stargazers", workshops which will be held free of charge at the observatory.
A year later, on the first floor of the observatory will also appear "The Museum of the Universe". According to preliminary plans, the exhibition area will be divided into four thematic areas: "The Solar System", "our galaxy", "Deep space", "Amateur telescope making."
— By the way, the largest asteroid the size of Europe, — Rustam said. — For a person became interested in astronomy, it is enough to give it a primary information. What is the Earth? How old is mankind? If it
was not interested now, will never be interested.
The only staff member Observatory Viktor Skrypnyk, worked all his life in the Museum of Paleontology. But the soul is still dragged him to the stars.
— I have interest in them, the passion — recognized administrator. — I will be here to conduct tours,'ll love. Of course, The Planetarium we pereplyunem, but there are so cozy and comfortable.
In the late 50's of the last century, officials in Moscow have decided to build five national parks observatories. Folk, they were called because come and admire the stars could be anyone. Prior to the construction of observatories, open-air set for amateur telescopes curious public. During the observation of the heavenly bodies to answer questions from the public duty astropunkta.
People observatory existed until the end of the 80s. Here Garnelis Albert, a great lover of stars, conducted classes for children out of the astronomical circle. Young astronomers rubbed glass for telescopes, looking at the stars and listening to the different stories and legends from the lecturer.
Since then it's been a long time, and most of the time observatories mercilessly destroyed. Preserved only two — in Gorky Park and Sokolniki Park. So they stood in a derelict state until this year.
The People's Observatory "Starry Sky" will run on Fridays, Saturdays and Sundays from 11 to 23. The ticket price will be 130 rubles. Also, for users of socially disadvantaged groups observatory doors will be open every first Thursday of the month at a discounted price — 50 rubles.
The observatory is located three minutes from the park entrance, in a very scenic location
The only staff member Observatory, Victor Skrypnyk, a lifetime spent in the Museum of Paleontology. But the soul is still dragged him to the stars.
Astronomer Rustam Bekbulatov engaged in the project observatory
Restoration and equipment for the "starry sky" cost of eight million
Photo: Anna Ivantsova, "Evening Moscow"