Museum of distorted history Perm — 36

  • gulag
  • gulag

The Memorial Museum of the History of Political Repression 'Perm' — 36 'in the village Kutchino continues to delight us with their creative projects. Niagara strike us books, brochures and roundtable discussion program in full human rights forum "Sawmill", organized by the museum. In this creative vanity, however, would be prohibitively expensive to forget the brightest pages of the history of the museum and its loyal supporters. Unfading relevance of past achievements of the "Perm-36" makes again and again to look into this unique experience — the experience of a desperate struggle with our 'accursed past ". The more so, as more and more complete disclosure of the truth about our history (and our historians), the old masterpieces begin to play with new faces and discover their true depth.


From these considerations forced himself to watch the movie "Tour" (2008), in which the director of the museum "Perm-36" Victor Shmyrov leads a group of teenagers at its factory stories, and dissident Sergei Kovalev is soul-searching conversations with them. Titres reported that the film studio "New Deal" with the financial support of the Federal Agency for Press and Mass Communications. Another fact public sympathy for the museum.

Just specify that the children in the film are so ostentatious and refined, that I will continue to denote them in quotation marks. The site has a film studio adequate description of:"[Students] are included in the perimeter of the unknown to them our country's past, killing millions of citizens, where humiliated and trampled into the dust camp hopes of tens of millions of people". In fact, even the French professor Nicolas Werth (co-author of "The Black Book of Communism") estimates the number of deaths in the gulag during Stalin's rule no more than 1.7 million regards the "tens of millions of hope" — the number of the same quality, but more on that later.

The first frame — round Russophobia Kovalev annoyed that it is common belief that the Russian people need absolute "owner" (as Sergei Adamovich understands the expression "strong hand"). To think so ashamed of his people, said Kovalev, as if pulling away from this point of view, but does not stand up and happily quotes Pushkin"Why herds gifts of freedom? They should be cut or mow ". According to him, Kovalev opinion it — about us, even though it is a classic poem about the "people" in general, not the Russian people. "Children" pathetically silent.

By the way, a few years on the forum "Sawmill — 2011" Sergei Adamovich says that "democracy — is primarily minority rights" rather than majority rule. Apparently, quoted line about the "herds" are a symbol of democratic faith professed by Sergei Adamovich.

By the way, a few years on the forum "Sawmill — 2011" Sergei Adamovich says that "democracy — is primarily minority rights" rather than majority rule. Apparently, quoted line about the "herds" are a symbol of democratic faith professed by Sergei Adamovich.

Kovalev did not finish, I started to broadcast Shmyrov. That, they say, enjoy — the citizen registration card Kalinin. Kalinin citizen was convicted under Article 58 1b, ie for treason troops during the war. For this article relied shot, but damn tribunal has given 20 years! And do not think that for humanitarian reasons! In fact, we are assured Shmyrov, just did not have the evidence, and corporate ethics was — that's not to expose the investigator, and they condemned the innocent.

I do not understand. So shoot something that hurt (well, for the sake of the "authority of SMERSH")? It turns out they were all the same"Sorry guy", — Concludes Shmyrov, graciously allowing a bloody gebnya compassion.

Clearly, Kalinin nothing wrong. However, apart from index cards, Shmyrov no documents show, but tells the story vividly, as if personally present. It turns out that Kalinin heard talk in the trenches of their friends, in the course of which it was said that"Germans, of course, you bastards, but the Communists — the big bastards"(Director of the museum tells the story of this deep relation as something not just acceptable, but as it and just). Lawyers can correct me, but actually it is also an article. And also the 58th. Just point the other — on the failure to report. But it is, nit-picking.

Next time, 25 years old, Kalinin was shaking again for anything. Rather, for the fact that, according to Shmyrova consisted of "True Orthodox Church", uncompromisingly hostile to the Soviet system, and draws in the group another 8 people. Membership in the "church" is not allowed to shave Kalinin, so he resisted the forced hygiene and regularly called in to the cooler. Being thus, violator, Kalinin could not get parole. What conclusion does Shmyrov? Professional:"He served his second 25 years FOR BO-PO-control".

And the most insulting to Shmyrova that the sentence Kalinin has not been revised, as in the "majority" of other inmates to '58, the sentences were reduced after a review from 25 to 15 years in connection with the adoption in 1958 of a new law on criminal liability for crimes against the state. The question is, well, why then so much attention to this exception to the rule, if most of it was different?

All this museum tells the story of the director almost tearfully. On a sad silent Shmyrov — whether Kalinin rehabilitated."This is the fate of one of the prisoners who were in the camp", — Viktor completes. And that, the audience must now decide that all convicted of Perm-36 — "innocent victims"?

Not allowing to recover, we are bombarded by Kovalev with regular revelations about the times of their youth:"The parents in those days were very afraid to talk to children, because there was such a hero Pavlik Morozov". Yeah, and at the same time composing jokes about Khrushchev and Brezhnev.

Meanwhile Shmyrov attacks "children" statistics:"The lower figure is generally recognized prisoners of the Gulag — it's 18 million people". Well, first of all, do not generally recognized, and secondly, not lower. For example, we already wrote about the note head of the secretariat of the Gulag Soviet Interior Ministry Major Podymova addressed to the head of the Gulag Soviet Interior Ministry, Major General S. Egorov on August 6, 1955, which leads to its "Total units in the Gulag stored 11 million units of archival material, of which 9.5 million are private affairs of prisoners." That is, just passed through the Gulag 9.5 million. Of these, the "political" articles convicted 3,777,380 people. In the strict sense of the word, "repressed" are they.

A little more pozhonglirovav "figures", Shmyrov goes to the estimates:"What is a slave gulag? .. I will declare thatlife of the Stone Age was much richer than the life of a slave gulag. When the attempt to open the housing Neolithic, there are hundreds of things: jewelry, objects of labor, household items … All property of the prisoner: a mug, bowl, spoon — that's all he possessed prisoner ". The tone of the "official statement", of course, inspires us with awe, but you still want to ask the historian Shmyrova: was in the Stone Age, for example, electricity or running water, or sewage, or bath? Libraries? Clubs?

Speech by Viktor Aleksandrovich about Kolyma became one of the most powerful concepts:"Colima is located in the Arctic, and the Kolyma nothing grows, nothing is done". Let's start with the fact that the Arctic — an area north of the Arctic Circle, however, even if you focus on the "map of the Gulag", composed by "Memorial", most of the camps SevVostLag located south of this latitude.

  • gulag
  • gulag

Historian A. Kozlov wrote that"By the end of 1937 largely completed the construction of a reference base in Magadan and Nagaevo, laying the base web of the Kolyma highway and its branches to the goldfields, the creation Nagaevskogo seaport of its own sea and river fleet, a number of airports, motor depots, diesel power plants, farms , farms, rybpromhozov, etc. ". In which, according Shmyrovu, nothing grew, and was not made. According Shmyrovu,"Everything to the last nail to the last brick to the last bag of grain needed to bring the 'mainland' of the European part of Russia". And all these farms and kolzohy built, apparently for fun — that was, what to do.

"There's only prison was constantly about 350-400 thousand", — Convinces us Shmyrov historian. Where there were so many? According to the Magadan Regional Museum, troop level SevVostLag never exceeded 180 thousand.

  • gulag
  • gulag

Even Sergey Sigachyov of "Memorial" cites data that are much closer to the documented:"12.32 — 11 100, 1/1/34 — 29 659 01/01/35 — 36313, 01.01.36 — 48 740, 1/1/37 — 70 414, 1/1/38 — 90 741, 1/1/39 — 138170, 01.07. 40 — 190 309, 1/1/41 — 187 976 1/1/42 — 177 775, 1/1/43 — 107 775, 01.01.44 — 84 716 01.01.45 — 93542, 01.01.46 — 73 060, 1/1/47 — 93 322 01/01/48 — 106 893 1/1/49 — 108 685, 01.01.50 — 153 317 1/1/51 — 182 958, 1/1/52 — 199 726 1/1/53 — 175078 ".

But Viktor does not stop there:"Together with the free people of Kolyma was the total population of 600-700 million people, and the products could bring about 200 thousand people, and had to bring more physically impossible. There were two choices: either to reduce the number of people (hence reduce the gold mining), or send people there on a clear starvation. That is, it is a cold, sober state calculation ". Why is the "cold calculation", according to which, in Shmyrovu, two-thirds of people do not get enough nutrition necessary in a "Polar" has led to the fact that for 25 years (!) From 1932 to 1956, died in SevVostLag "only" 127,792 people ( out of 876,043)? How, then survived the rest?

In the history of the Kolyma camps were excesses in 1937-1938., And relatively mild periods (before 1937, and since the late '40s). But Shmyrov, driven by his muse, is not interested in this vulgar prose.

In discussing the problems of the Gulag ("Create an atmosphere
of total fear of universal and universal subordination"
), Director of "Perm-36" did not scruple to illustrate their powerful conclusions repeatedly refuted falsehood:"By the 40th year we have been canceled weekend". The second paragraph of the decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR "On the transition to an eight-hour day, seven-day work week and the prohibition of unauthorized care workers and employees from the enterprises and institutions" (from June 26, 1940) reads as follows:"Transfer all state, cooperative and public enterprises and institutions to work with a seven-day six days a week, except the seventh day of the week — Sunday — the day of rest". Labor legislation really was increased (temporarily), but the working days was still six.

Next moldy lies from Shmyrova:"For three being late for work could get three years in the camps.I know many people who have served three years in the camps for three late for work.For one hooky — three years in the camps ". In fact, in the fifth paragraph of the same Decree states that"Workers and employees voluntarily departed from the state, cooperative and public enterprises or institutions, tried and sentenced by the People's Court jailed for a period of 2 months to 4 months", and"For absenteeism without good reason, the workers and employees of state, cooperative and public enterprises and institutions tried and sentenced by the People's Court shall be punishable by hard labor at the place of work for up to 6 months with retention of salary to 25%". Most of the sentences in this decree and have those same six months of work without imprisonment.

Of course, preparation for war demanded stricter discipline, but for a liberal (and, incidentally, the candidate of historical sciences) is"Unprecedented in human history, the level of exploitation".

The next room who played Victor, was on the eternal theme of "three ears of corn." Here Shmyrov again used his favorite trick: take the wildest example and pass it as the norm. The story of how a poor woman, systematically designed to steal the collective-farm milk, was sentenced to 10 years, would be a little remarkable, if not for its ending:"She ran out of time in the 42-th year. In a 42-year no one was let go, and it was left to the end of the war in the camp ". In 1942, the year poarhivnym data, the will left 509,538 people. Of course, Shmyrov says nothing about the nearly 30% who received the decision on the sentences to deprivation of liberty, or the fact that with such excesses in the field was an active struggle. The article quoted Igor Pyhalova Commissar of Justice, IL Bulat:"According to information recorded in a special resolution of the Board of NKJU, the number of canceled sentences in the period from August 7, 1932 on July 1, 1933 ranged from 50 to 60%". Shmyrov silent and that most of the convicts for 10 years was rehabilitated in 1936.

"But the most fabulous and the worst", according to the director of the museum, is that a woman has forgiven the chairman of the collective farm ("Bastard, bastard"), Who arrested her, and now they peacefully coexist. It seems that at the briefing Museum December 18, 2012 someone talking about the need for national reconciliation?"You know, it's MENTALITY", — Concludes Victor, leads us to believe that we primeval barbarians, which urgently needs to modernize.

The same hint in the speech betrays Kovalev, who told "children" a different story: when a reporter asked Sakharov, what he was doing "what he is doing," Sakharov said:"Everyone should do what he can.What can intelligentsia? Yes she does not know how to do anything except one very important thing. She knows how to build the ideal". Not all the intellectuals agree that they can not do anything more. But pay attention to the following: that quote speaks with the fervor of one of the authors of our Constitution, which, among other things, prohibits the state ideology.

So what's the ideal build for 'children' and adults intellectuals Shmyrov and Kovalev? Apparently, Lies, Hate and the dictatorship of minorities.

Oles Gonchar

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