Mysteries of Moscow. Flute in the cemetery

January 26, 2012 17:05

In the east of Moscow, in Lefortovo, located Vvedenskoe old cemetery. At one time it was called the German, as it is primarily intended for residents of the German settlement. In short, are buried there mostly people of the Orthodox faith — Catholics, Lutherans … Of course, such a place would be complete without its own mythology …

The first burial in Lefortovo appeared in 1771, during a plague epidemic. The name was given to the cemetery Vvedensky mountains (aka Lefortovo Hill) — hills on the left bank of the river Yauza.
In the XIX century Vvedenskoe were transferred the remains of two associates of Peter I: Admiral Franz Lefort (in whose name and called the Moscow region) and Admiral General Patrick Gordon.
Vvedensky buried on many famous and prominent people. Among them, the famous composer AF Goedicke, founder factory "Red October" Theodore von einem, Chef Olivier, his name immortalized by the eponymous salad, publisher Sytin, writers Michael Prishvin, Leonid Grossman, Irakli Andronicus, artists Victor and Apollinaris Vasnetsov, the son and grandson of Leo Tolstoy, Patriarch Tikhon, Fr Zosima (FD Izhidov), actress Alla Tarasova, Maria and Tatiana Peltzer Maksakova …
One of the most famous local "inhabitants" — Theodore P. Haas (1780-1853). At one time he was the head doctor of the Moscow prisons. He was called the "holy doctor." It was the man credited with a popular expression: "Hasten to do good." Among his patients were very poor, with whom he never took payment for treatment, and, moreover, are gifts to their money and clothes.
Haas has done a lot for prisoners and exiles — for example, introduced a rather prohibitive dvadtsatifuntovyh lightweight irons, which is called — "gaazovskimi" aborted stringing prisoners on the rod while running on stage, sympathized with the Decembrists … Notorious shackles now hang on the sides of the fence his grave.
They say that in the end, all his fortune Haas spent on the needy. He died poor and was buried by the police. But beyond the grave "holy doctor" were twenty thousand people! A monument on his grave to put their money patients Haas — Moscow prisoners …
Paradoxically, at a monument … Vvedensky French, laid down his life in Moscow in 1812! Four-sided granite obelisk topped by a cross, is set on the site of a mass grave of nameless soldiers of Napoleon's army.
On the front side of the stele engraved Legion of Honor, and there are two commemorative plaque. On top of them engraved: «Militaires francais mort en 1812", at the bottom of the monument is the date — 1889. Construction is surrounded by a wall of eight dug into the ground gun barrels connected by a chain.
Nearby is a monument to the French pilots regiment "Normandy-Neman", who fought in the Second World War on the side of the Soviet Union against Nazi Germany. Previously, there were buried and remains of the pilot, but in 1953 they were moved to France. However, a memorial is preserved. Is the location of both the monument — Napoleon's soldiers and airmen "Normandie-Niemen" — officially a territory of the Republic of France. Incidentally, there is at Vvedensky and fraternal burial of German soldiers who died in the First World in Russian hospitals …
Of course, there is a cemetery Vvedensky and their own mythology. So, say that tragically lost, torn from the ladder in the Bauman College, Olympic champion Valery Popenchenko buried in the grave, destined writer Vasily Shukshin. To have prepared grave in Vvedensky, but at the last moment, when the body is carried out of the funeral hall, someone from the government ordered to bury the still more prestigious Novodevichy cemetery. Cooked same grave remained unoccupied. That came in handy when Popenchenko died …
Go there and bring far more mystical sense. For example, say that in the twilight of the spring evening with Vvedensky, from street Hospital shaft, heard the melody of flute. If there is rain, the flute plays until dawn … And you hear the sound of the iron shackles from the grave of Theodore Haas
Irina Shlionskaya

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