Korolenkoa: First, regarding the decree was a lot of discussion. As I said, the very decree in fact, such a regulation of the Internet, it is normal practice in all countries. If most people kolkasts creates a community and thus is not controlled, it can create problems for the state. This is normal. And all countries online anyway adjusted. But those control samples, which were created in Belarus found, first, incompetent officials, and secondly, the desire to curry favor in some way, because it is clear that a lot of decisions after protests by the Internet community have been canceled because of their absolute absurdity . Changes in conditions for both corporate and individuals. Legal entities are set to move to the Belarusian hosting. Individuals of this paragraph does not apply. For example, if a citizen of Belarus puts your site somewhere in America, it does not apply to this decree. But the difficulty is that the most interesting projects of the Belarusian create enthusiasts, individuals, just as a hobby. And the little money that they can earn on the Internet through banner advertising network or via the stock exchange — it's all being done illegally. And it's a big risk for the development of the Belarusian Internet. Interesting projects, which were created by the Belarusian, now transferred to the Russian or western sector, where no one would touch it, where they will not be afraid of being arrested, fined, etc. ByNet only lose from it.
Sous: What positive you would have noted in the decree about Internet regulation, and what are the main points of concern to Internet users?
Korolenko: The positive, of course. First, it will be easier to settle some disputes, for example, when the situation on some website comes to insults, it will be easier to identify the person, etc. This also applies to consumer protection in the online stores. Everything will be regulated by each seller will be under control. You can be sure that our laws protect the consumer. Yet there is a clause in the decree that at the request of a user's Internet service providers may limit the activity of certain resources that it will pay, a kind of family filter is fairly common in Western countries. The only thing that is composed by providers. There is a danger that under this brand will be limited to the work of the unwanted power resources.
Sous: For example, recently the Belarusian veterans were sending letters of protest against the site "Belarusian Partisan", he allegedly insulted them. Or even before the decree came into force, the National Library was impossible to go to the website of Radio Liberty. The decree has not yet acted, and access to the site was limited and it was difficult to know what the reasoning behind this.
Korolenko: With that we come across in previous elections was limited access to some opposition websites, even to the LiveJournal. We've been through even without the decree. With the decree is much more difficult, as most of the officials responsible for carrying it into effect, incompetent, they did not discuss this process with the experts, the experts did not take into account the interests of those who have been working in this sector. They naprymali different regulations, and this has caused such problems that then under the pressure of the public were forced to abandon them. This electronic check boxes to the registration fee for the site, etc. I think that all of these decisions to respond more than once. The biggest problem is that the time was short in order to register all of these sites to move to the Belarusian hosting in general lead to a situation in ByNet in accordance with this Decision. So now most of the resources obtained outside the law, and what to do with it — is unclear. At the conference, representatives of the Ministry of Communications to ask such questions because it was clear that not have time to sign up and move. Responsibility is not developed yet — was the answer. So that supposedly no sanctions will be, but in our life times were such practices, which then retroactively fined and tax authorities, and other organs. Because the offense was, it can be applied retroactively — or a fine, or some administrative responsibilities. It is a sword of Damocles that hangs over many resources.
Sous:And hanging over you?
Korolenko Specifically, over Akavita not hang, as it has long been located in the Belarusian data center, and as of this decree, it does not break anything.
Sous: But something changes in your work?
Korolenko As for Akavita, nothing will change. But as for my private projects, hobby projects, of which I have many, of course, will have to change something. Another online community does not know herself what to do next, because conflicting information from a variety of sources. The Ministry of Communications official says one thing and the other body receives other information or general silence with reference to incompetence. Although it is clear to read the decree and the entire list of questions that have accumulated over the past months I Proulx, you can see that everything is very slippery. In the Ministry of Communications may be one interpretation, and the tax office — not that. Will therefore be as beneficial to a particular official. As for Wi-Fi access in public places. Litaratlna yesterday I was in an internet cafe, where it was written: Wi-Fi access. I asked the waitress: you have Wi-Fi paid or free. She says, is free. And as you continue to work? Replies as before. It turns out she does not know of such a decree. I explained that if you can not identify the callers, you can apply to the sanctions. The waitress was so surprised that clapped eyes. This means that there is not communicating this information to the specific organizations that need to change something in their work. Decision shall be taken, and people are not aware of. Can be made a raid on an internet cafe, and half of them will be fined or something else.