March 30, 2011 — Radioactive substances such as iodine-131 and cesium-137, are distributed around the globe. Yesterday was officially announced the discovery of iodine-131 over Belarus in Primorye. Earlier radioactive substances found over China, South Korea, Vietnam, Iceland, Sweden, the United States. Reports that there is radioactive iodine-131 over Moscow, have been reported yet. Along with this, the Rhine Institute for Environmental Studies at the University of Cologne in Germany published a forecast distribution of cesium-137 from Fukushima-1 to March 31. It clearly shows that the radioactive cloud affects Moscow.
I'd love to make this prediction is wrong, but yesterday's statement suggests the authorities of Belarus unpleasant thoughts. Of course, almost all the experts to repeat the idea that the concentration is extremely small. Given the common man even obscure compared to the annual allowable dose that is greater than the possible exposure of iodine-131. However, a week ago, no expert would venture to say out loud that the radiation is up to us make it. And here she is — "Enemy at the Gates." In the case of the Japanese disaster more than once or twice to the situation developed so that no one could have imagined.
Once again we hear from government and corporate media about the "safe" radiation, and even in Japan there are reports that plutonium, discovered on the eve of the Fukushima-1 "is safe for health." The discovery of the 'safe' plutonium, which previously was considered the most dangerous toxic and radioactive substances on the planet with a half-life of 24,000 years, actually pulling for the Nobel Prize, it at least.
Many years ago, one of the greatest scientists in the field of studies of the effects of low doses of radiation on the health of John Hoffman proved that safe dose of radiation does not exist. In other words, any exposure for someone can be dangerous. Weak concentration of radioactive iodine-131 and cesium-137 is not an excuse for applications that do not have health risks. If there are radioactive particles in the atmosphere, they can get inside the body some of us. For Russians, it is also true for White Russians or Japanese. In the case of radioactive iodine-131 in the human body can develop thyroid cancer. Fortunately, not all in a row, but to pinpoint cancer who will, and who has not — it is impossible. The most vulnerable in this case are pregnant women and children in the womb, as well as the elderly and babies. Fully threat of radioactive iodine will disappear after 80 days after the item ceases to be supplied to the environment, that is, after the radioactive fallout from Fukushima-1, which is still ongoing. The danger of the cesium-137 will continue for about 300 years.
Of course, the risk of radiation in Japan for orders higher than in any of the distant countries, including Russia. And all the more surprising that the Japanese Prime Minister and even evacuation of pregnant women from the country, still continues to assure his countrymen that the radiation is "safe." Since March 11, Japan has repeatedly offered to help a variety of countries with which it was possible to agree on such measures. Of course, many Japanese now manifest themselves most true heroes. That's only the Prime Minister of this country it is difficult to classify such people. It is easiest to continue to make statements that radiation "safe" and it is extremely difficult now to recognize that pregnant women are at a huge threat and that their evacuation would happen a lot sooner.
Author of several books on the impact of the accident and the release of radiation at the U.S. Three Mile Island nuclear power plant in 1979, Harvey Wasserman says that shortly after the accident at the nearby Harrisburg increased infant mortality, and the number of diseases
which are usually associated with radiation exposure. Americans then showered multimillion claims courts. Will the Japanese in the courts? Probably not, because it will most likely such claims will be no one to show. The company Tokyo Electric Power, at last count, may cease to exist.
To the usual Japanese is difficult not to feel huge respect — not only do they do all they can to eliminate the consequences of the earthquake and the "nuclear crisis", and find the strength to go out on the streets of Tokyo to protest against nuclear power.
This huge drama should not obscure the main lesson for us — nuclear energy has made great contribution in that disaster that is happening in Japan. Compared with nuclear power plants, no other power facility can not provide enough of the global negative impact, no matter how many earthquakes may happen. Moreover, nuclear power plants are vulnerable not only in the event of an earthquake, but in many other cases, the loss of external power source. No external energy is not working, for example, the pump supplying water to cool the reactors.
It can not be completely safe nuclear reactor, just can not be absolutely safe dose of radiation. No matter how much the media were talking about a "safe" plutonium and "small doses" of radiation. If you rely on the available data, the concentration of radioactive substances over Russia will not be high. However, the idea that these substances do not pose no threat at all to one person in Russia, to put it mildly, is not true.
Useful reading for those who still believe in the "safe" radiation:
1. "Chernobyl: consequences of the catastrophe for people and the environment", Academy of Sciences of New York, 2009 — combines data about 5,000 studies from around the world of the victims of the Chernobyl disaster. According to scientists, authors of the book, the total number of victims at around 985,000 people.
2. "Killing yourself" (1982), by Harvey Wasserman, the book contains detailed information about the consequences of the accident at the Three Mile Island nuclear power plant in 1979.
Radiation to orbit the planet is still without a doubt will cause irreparable damage to manifest itself in many things. But worst of all, human health may be caused inestimable damage. Because radiation is not only the primary influencing factors, but secondary. Think of all the hyped press and media sources Chernobyl. Uchastyatsya diseases such as cancer and the emergence of a cancer and cysts. Fortunately, treatment of ovarian cysts are not so feasible in contrast to other much more terrible disease. Everything remains to hope that the damage caused to the Fukushima radiation will be minimal and will not affect the majority of countries.