Breast reduction, or reduction mammoplasty required in those cases when there is an excess amount of breast tissue. As a rule, combined with a reduction mammoplastybreast lift — mastopexy.
Indications for surgery
- Changes in the volume of breast ptosis and after pregnancy and breast-feeding
- Certain professional requirements to the contours of the body
- Post-traumatic breast
- State after a mastectomy (removal of the breast)
- Gynecomastia in men and psevdoginekomastiya
- Violations of symmetry areola
During operation the excess glandular tissue and subcutaneous fat is partially removed and formed new breast size and shape. In some cases, reduction mammoplasty is not only aesthetic, but also therapeutic in nature. It is the expressed hypertrophy breast (Gigantomastia), which is accompanied by varying degrees of obesity and often leads to changes in posture and spinal disorders. Furthermore, redundant resected cloth breast is often changed as a result of mastitis, and its removal is beneficial because it reduces the risk of malignant transformation of breast cancer.
Removal of breast tissue does not result in increased risk of cancer in the future. Note, however, that the operations of reduction and mastopexy are accompanied by some trauma to the breast tissue and
Breast reduction in men
Most often, breast enlargement in men (gynecomastia) is formed on the background of hormonal drugs (such as anti-androgens, anabolic steroid or female sex hormones). With obesity develops psevdoginekomastiya as males tend to accumulate in the breast of large amounts of subcutaneous fat. Formed a similar female bust, are themselves breast cancer have normal anatomic dimensions. Gynecomastia and psevdoginekomastiya deliver the stronger sex are many psychological difficulties — the only solution to the problem is the aesthetic mastectomy.
Inevitably, with the passage of time due to its own weight breast droops. Sagging breasts contributes to reduction of skin elasticity and breast-feeding, combined with the hormonal changes of the breast tissue. Tightening of the chest, or mastopexy is reduced to moving breast up and removal of excess breast skin. In those situations where the sagging skin is accompanied by involutional changes of the glandular tissue, mastopexy supplemented breast endoprosthesis. There are several ways to mastopexy. Select surgeon based on the initial state breast, breast skin and aesthetic requirements of the patient.
This kind of surgery is performed to correct the shape of areola, the size (increase or decrease the diameter of the areola) and the location of mammary areola. In some types of reduction and breast lift surgery may be partially or fully address the areola area. If the selected method mammoplasty is necessary to conduct a free transplant
Source: Medical center "Paracelsus 2001"