Repository Doomsday

Not so long ago in Norway, one of the god of forgotten places on the archipelago was discovered naikrupneyshee the world's granary. This granary, informally known as the repository "Doomsday", located near the small village of Longyearbyen, 1,100 km from the North Pole. Storage built into the mountain at an altitude of 130 meters above sea level. Construction of the facility began in the middle of 2006, and in February 2008 the store has been officially opened. Granary "Judgment Day" is designed to preserve the seeds of important plants from around the world from possible disasters, such as nuclear war, an increase in global sea level, falling asteroid. The full official title of the project — Global Svalbardsky Bank Seed Funds (Svalbard International Seed Vault).

Repository "Doomsday" was built at the expense of the Rockefeller Foundation, Bill Gates, and a number of other global financial giants, the pioneer of creation spoke Norway. Cost of the project amounted to about 9.6 million dollars, which is not so much for today's times. With all of this repository depth of 120 meters up the hill, has double doors-proof, airtight vestibule with two lock chambers, motion detectors and walls of reinforced concrete width of 1 meter, which can withstand the hit of a nuclear warhead or an earthquake.

Inside the storage temperature is maintained constant at -18 degrees Celsius, and the seeds are stored in a swirling duralumin foil. In this case the system will come out of cold storage, which can run on local coal, the temperature inside the premises with no seeds will rise above -3 degrees Celsius, so as storage is located in the northern latitudes, only 1000 km from the North Pole. Granary can hold inside ourselves about 4.5 million species of seeds of terrestrial plants, seeds and supplies will be enough, that it is to return one or the other form, which is under threat of extinction or extinct.

Designers repository "Doomsday" looked into the distant future and a simulated configuration climate of the planet for 200 years. They were elected to such an area of land in the archipelago of Svalbard, which even in the case of the melting of ice sheets in the North and the South Pole is above sea level. Also, this area is characterized by a very low tectonic activity. Will contribute to the safety and distance of the object from a great civilization, and endless permafrost will contribute to the conservation of the collected material, even in the event of failure of refrigeration equipment. At the current time storage already accommodate about 500,000 seed samples of plants from around the world. By the time the store will be one hundred percent full, it will be the largest genetic seed bank in the world.

In total, according to the UN, there are about 1,400 seed banks of plants, naikrupneyshie of which are located in the United States, China, Russia, the Land of the Rising Sun, India, South Korea, Germany and Canada (in descending order). All of them contain about 6.5 million species of seeds (of their unique only 1.5 million). With all of this repository on the archipelago created for the entire world society. The abundance of flora of the Earth that is in storage, will become the property of future generations, notwithstanding any emergencies and weather.

The formal appointment

In these days of preservation of plant genetic contrast, has a huge role for the production of food products for the future earthlings and is a significant contribution to the fight against poverty and hunger in developing countries. Specifically associated with the developing countries of origin of most plants, and particularly developing countries have fairly strong demand in the upcoming development of agriculture and ensuring food security.

Global Seed Vault, built in the thickness of the rock in the criteria endless frost on the peninsula Svalbard (Spitsbergen, a Norwegian title), has its own purpose of storing duplicates of seeds from different species scattered throughout the world of genetic seed banks. Now, many of these banks are located in developing countries. In this case, if as a result of wars, natural disasters, or simply flaws seed money data will be lost, the unique collection will return with seeds stored in the global granary.

Now contrast the loss of bio species is a major threat to sustainable development and the environment. The abundance of plants used for the production of food products, is under constant pressure. Because of the loss of contrast can occur irreparable loss of our abilities, aimed at creating a supply of goods, the feeding of plants that are adapted to the new plant diseases, climate change, to the needs of the growing population.

This official announcement posted on the website of the Ministry of agriculture and food products in Norway.

Facts about Storage "Doomsday"

Storage "Judgment Day" on Svalbard is not a genetic bank — this store warranty. Here on behalf of various gene banks kept duplicates of seeds of various kinds. Get out of here duplicates will be possible only in this case, if stored in a unique collection of seeds for any reason will be lost. Party that is deposited on the storage of seeds, retains the right accessories for them. Neither the authorities of Norway or Svalbard Global Seed Vault will not have access rights to anyone else in the store without the permission of funds the depositors. The main store will yuzerami breeders and scientists.

Granary Svalbard is designed to store 4.5 million different seed types, with all this, each type will be presented the prototype of the 500 seeds. So Makar, the largest grain storage capacity will reach 2.25 billion individual seeds. This granary is able to accommodate all of the unique types of seeds stored in gene banks around the world, as new standards are the seeds that will be made in the future. After filling, it becomes global fund naikrupneyshim seeds.

The value of the storage is given to plant seeds, which are used by the public lands for the production of goods and supply of sustainable agriculture. It has a special significance for the developing countries in which the security of goods supply basic municipal task. If you look at this problem of the historical perspective, we can see that more than 7,000 species of plants included in the human diet as the principal components of its supply. In the modern agriculture is used only 150 species, as well as a major source of plant nutrition products used today, are the only 12 species of plants. With all of this only varieties of rice in the world there are about 100 thousand.

In granary seeds will be stored at a constant temperature to -18 degrees Celsius, packed in sealed bags and folded in a special lead sealed boxes. Seeds will be placed on special racks located inside the store. Limited access of oxygen and low temperatures slow the metabolism and aging of plant seeds. In turn, the endless permafrost is a guarantee that the seeds will be able to maintain its viability, even in this case, if the storage system power supply fails.

Svalbard is a unique place in many ways. Geological and climatic conditions are immaculate for such underground storage-refrigerator. The endless permafrost is able to ensure that the temperature inside never will rise above -3 degrees Celsius. Natural sandstone island is characterized by low background radiation and sustainable structure. From the standpoint of placing this granary is superior to all gene banks around the w
orld. In addition there is a fairly well-developed infrastructure, a reliable power supply system and the permanent missions to the continent. In the foreseeable future, even thawing of permafrost endless fails to hurt the store.

The need for safety is so great varieties of seeds is that different plant varieties possess different qualities that are not always behold the ordinary eye. This, again, is a genetically conditioned to adapt to different soil and climate, resistance to disease, differences in nutritional value and taste. If in the future we will need to use the characteristics that were inherent in that or other unique plants, we will need the assurance that it plant as before will be found.

The term seed storage is dependent on the specific variety. For example, seeds of peas are able to preserve their germination only for 20-30 years, whereas, for example, seeds of some species of grain and sunflowers are able to maintain viability in many decades and even centuries. For all this they all uniformly lose their germination and die. In order to prevent this, especially of stored samples will be taken and some of the seeds planted in the soil. So they will sprout again, and give the necessary seeds to be placed on the place of old times. By observing the cycle, they can be stored virtually forever.

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