Morbidity and mortality from stroke remain in Russia among the highest in the world. In Russia each year about 400,000 strokes. Among them are more common ischemic (cerebral infarction) — about 80% of all strokes are fewer hemorrhagic strokes (bleeding in the brain) — about 15%, and subarachnoid hemorrhage (sub arachnoid brain) — about 5%.
Stroke prevention is the actual problem, not only for medicine, but also for society as a whole, because the mortality of stroke is high (20-40% die within the first month of the disease), and among the survivors, more than half have persistent disability.
The main risk factor is age. Every year at the young age of stroke occurs only in 1 out of 90,000 people, while in old age (75-84 years), it occurs in 1 out of 45 people. In 45 years, the risk of stroke is relatively low for the next 20 years (occurs in one out of 30 people), but it is likely the age of 80 significantly increases (it occurs in one out of four men and one in five women).
In general, the risk of stroke in men 30% higher than in women. However, it is typical for the age groups from 45 to 64 years. At the age of 65, the risk of stroke in men and women is virtually identical.
The major risk factors for stroke also include hypertension, Heart Disease, brought before a stroke, smoking, abuse alcohol, high level cholesterol in the blood, excessive use salt. Among many factors, there is a mutual influence, so their combination leads to a significantly increased risk of the disease than the simple arithmetic addition of the isolated action.
Conventional medicine knows only two ways of dealing with stroke: prevention and symptomatic treatment of the effects of the disease. "It is easier to prevent than to cure" — is a classic statement is particularly true for stroke.
Prevention of stroke (and its recurrence) is in the correct mode of work and rest, a balanced diet and resolution of sleep, normal psychological climate in the home and at work, timely treatment of cardiovascular diseases: ischemic heart disease, arterial giprtenzii, atrial fibrillation, and others.
Below recommendations of the National Stroke Association USA:
- Know your blood pressure.
Check it at least once a year. High blood pressure (hypertension) is a leading cause of stroke. If the top number (your systolic blood pressure) is consistently above 140 or the bottom number (your diastolic blood pressure) is consistently over 90, consult your doctor.
- Find out whether you have atrial fibrillation.
Atrial fibrillation — an irregular heart beat, heart function and violating allowing blood to stagnate in some parts of the heart, and stagnant blood can form clots or thrombi. Contraction of the heart can separate part of a blood clot in the bloodstream, which can lead to disruption of cerebral circulation.
- If you smoke, stop.
Smoking doubles the risk of stroke. As soon as you stop smoking, your risk of stroke you will immediately fall in five years, the risk of stroke you will be the same as non-smokers.
- If you drink alcohol, do so in moderation.
A glass of wine or a mug of beer every day can reduce your risk of stroke (if for no other reason to avoid drinking alcohol). Drinking alcohol in excess of this amount increases the risk of stroke.
- Find out whether you have high cholesterol.
The increase in cholesterol increases the risk of stroke, reducing the amount of cholesterol in some people manage to achieve a diet and exercise, others require drug therapy.
- If you have diabetes, follow the recommendations of your doctor to control diabetes.
Having diabetes increases the risk of stroke, but monitoring of diabetes, you can reduce your risk of stroke.
- Use exercise to improve your performance in everyday life.
Exercise daily. Daily walk for 30 minutes can improve your health and reduce your risk of stroke. If you do not like walking, then other physical activities that are appropriate style of your life: cycling, swimming, golf, dancing, tennis and more.
- A diet low in salt and fat.
By reducing the amount of salt and fat in the diet, you lower your blood pressure, and, more importantly, reduce the risk of stroke. Aim for a balanced diet with a predominance of fresh fruit, vegetables, seafood and a moderate amount of protein daily.