Scotland: so who was King Arthur?

02.12.2004

02.12.2004


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So who was King Arthur and Camelot where he was? Most people associate it with the south-western England, areas mentioned in the stories about wizards, Lady of the Lake and the Knights in shining armor. This version of the legend has been popular since the Middle Ages, especially among the English kings, poets and nobles who considered Arthur's Camelot and the knights of the round table ideal royal court.

However, scientists now more and more popular is a different version of the legend was born north of the Anglo-Scottish border. One of the advocates of this point of view — Hugh McArthur, a historian from Glasgow. He argues that Ginevra, wife of Arthur, could be representative of the Picts, who lived in the north of Scotland. There are other historical evidence that Arthur was of modern Scotland, not Cornwall or elsewhere. According to MacArthur, the legend is based on the personality of Arthur, the leader of the armed group, who in the sixth century of the rules in Strathclyde, the Kingdom of Welsh-speaking Britons that stretches from Loch Lomond in Scotland to the north of Wales. The capital of the kingdom was the city of Dumbarton in the west central Scotland. According to the researcher, in this area there are a lot of names that may be associated with Arthur. In the Dumbarton Castle is Arthur, and to the west of Loch Lomond is a mountain Ben Arthur, on which there is a place called Arthur's Seat. According to MacArthur, it is only one of seven of Arthur's Seat, which he found in Scotland. Total in Scotland is about 40 or 50 people, the title of which is referred to Arthur. And although it's not necessarily always about the legendary ruler, in most cases the name probably still be given in honor of him.

He also believes that the island of Avalon, where, according to legend, Arthur received his sword Excalibur, and where it was brought, mortally wounded, is nothing else than the Loch Lomond. Local historians also believe that the main battle Arthur described the Welsh monk Neniem IX century, were nearby. The researcher argues that the legend of Arthur became migrate south during the Christianization of Scotland. Moreover, the narrowing of the range of use of Welsh language and its localization in Wales and Cornwall, contributed to a perception that the famous warrior and ruler lived in the south-west of England.

Battery News, 30.11.2004 17:46
Source: NTR.ru

See also: Weapons of ancient human civilization in Antarctica.

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